Installing Apache2 With PHP5 And MySQL Support On Fedora 11 (LAMP)

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Submitted by falko (Contact Author) (Forums) on Wed, 2009-11-11 17:24. :: Fedora | Apache | MySQL | PHP

Installing Apache2 With PHP5 And MySQL Support On Fedora 11 (LAMP)

Version 1.0
Author: Falko Timme <ft [at] falkotimme [dot] com>
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Last edited 10/12/2009

LAMP is short for Linux, Apache, MySQL, PHP. This tutorial shows how you can install an Apache2 webserver on a Fedora 11 server with PHP5 support (mod_php) and MySQL support.

I do not issue any guarantee that this will work for you!

 

1 Preliminary Note

In this tutorial I use the hostname server1.example.com with the IP address 192.168.0.100. These settings might differ for you, so you have to replace them where appropriate.

 

2 Installing MySQL 5

To install MySQL, we do this:

yum install mysql mysql-server

Then we create the system startup links for MySQL (so that MySQL starts automatically whenever the system boots) and start the MySQL server:

chkconfig --levels 235 mysqld on
/etc/init.d/mysqld start

Run

mysqladmin -u root password yourrootsqlpassword
mysqladmin -h server1.example.com -u root password yourrootsqlpassword

to set a password for the user root (otherwise anybody can access your MySQL database!).

 

3 Installing Apache2

Apache2 is available as a Fedora package, therefore we can install it like this:

yum install httpd

Now configure your system to start Apache at boot time...

chkconfig --levels 235 httpd on

... and start Apache:

/etc/init.d/httpd start

Now direct your browser to http://192.168.0.100, and you should see the Apache2 placeholder page:

Apache's default document root is /var/www/html on Fedora, and the configuration file is /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf. Additional configurations are stored in the /etc/httpd/conf.d/ directory.

 

4 Installing PHP5

We can install PHP5 and the Apache PHP5 module as follows:

yum install php

We must restart Apache afterwards:

/etc/init.d/httpd restart

 

5 Testing PHP5 / Getting Details About Your PHP5 Installation

The document root of the default web site is /var/www/html. We will now create a small PHP file (info.php) in that directory and call it in a browser. The file will display lots of useful details about our PHP installation, such as the installed PHP version.

vi /var/www/html/info.php

<?php
phpinfo();
?>

Now we call that file in a browser (e.g. http://192.168.0.100/info.php):

As you see, PHP5 is working, and it's working through the Apache 2.0 Handler, as shown in the Server API line. If you scroll further down, you will see all modules that are already enabled in PHP5. MySQL is not listed there which means we don't have MySQL support in PHP5 yet.

 

6 Getting MySQL Support In PHP5

To get MySQL support in PHP, we can install the php-mysql package. It's a good idea to install some other PHP5 modules as well as you might need them for your applications. You can search for available PHP5 modules like this:

yum search php

Pick the ones you need and install them like this:

yum install php-mysql php-gd php-imap php-ldap php-odbc php-pear php-xml php-xmlrpc php-eaccelerator php-magickwand php-magpierss php-mapserver php-mbstring php-mcrypt php-mhash php-mssql php-shout php-snmp php-soap php-tidy

Now restart Apache2:

/etc/init.d/httpd restart

Now reload http://192.168.0.100/info.php in your browser and scroll down to the modules section again. You should now find lots of new modules there, including the MySQL module:

 

7 phpMyAdmin

phpMyAdmin is a web interface through which you can manage your MySQL databases.

phpMyAdmin can be installed as follows:

yum install phpmyadmin

Now we configure phpMyAdmin. We change the Apache configuration so that phpMyAdmin allows connections not just from localhost (by commenting out the <Directory /usr/share/phpMyAdmin/> stanza):

vi /etc/httpd/conf.d/phpMyAdmin.conf

# phpMyAdmin - Web based MySQL browser written in php
#
# Allows only localhost by default
#
# But allowing phpMyAdmin to anyone other than localhost should be considered
# dangerous unless properly secured by SSL

Alias /phpMyAdmin /usr/share/phpMyAdmin
Alias /phpmyadmin /usr/share/phpMyAdmin
#<Directory /usr/share/phpMyAdmin/>
#   order deny,allow
#   deny from all
#   allow from 127.0.0.1
#   allow from ::1
#</Directory>

# This directory does not require access over HTTP - taken from the original
# phpMyAdmin upstream tarball
#
<Directory /usr/share/phpMyAdmin/libraries>
    Order Deny,Allow
    Deny from All
    Allow from None
</Directory>

# This configuration prevents mod_security at phpMyAdmin directories from
# filtering SQL etc.  This may break your mod_security implementation.
#
#<IfModule mod_security.c>
#    <Directory /usr/share/phpMyAdmin>
#        SecRuleInheritance Off
#    </Directory>
#</IfModule>

Restart Apache:

/etc/init.d/httpd restart

Afterwards, you can access phpMyAdmin under http://192.168.0.100/phpmyadmin/:

 

8 Links


Please do not use the comment function to ask for help! If you need help, please use our forum.
Comments will be published after administrator approval.
Submitted by neptrix (not registered) on Sat, 2011-07-23 09:45.

Thank you so much! This was an ass-saver when i was handed a server with no web services other than SSH. Being a windows guy, i had no idea where to start.

 

Submitted by Anonymous (not registered) on Sun, 2011-01-30 10:55.

If you are now trying to do this on Fedora 14 or a system that has SELinux.  you may run into issues when you navigate to the phpMyAdmin page.  SELinux blocks access to mysql and you will get a error #2002.  I recommend putting SELinux into Permissive mode, by default Fedora is in enforcing mode.  

 http://linuxpoison.blogspot.com/2011/01/how-to-disable-selinux-in-fedora-14.html

Disable SELinux in Fedora 14: 

For the operating system as a whole, there is two kinds of disabling:

Permissive - switch the SELinux kernel into a mode where every operation is allowed. Operations that would be denied are allowed and a message is logged identifying that it would be denied. The mechanism that defines labels for files which are being created/changed is still active.



Disabled - SELinux is completely switched off in the kernel. This allows all operations to be permitted, and also disables the process which decides what to label files & processes with.



Temporarily switch off enforcement:

To check what mode the system is in,

cat /selinux/enforce

which will print a "0" or "1" for permissive or enforcing.

You can switch the system into permissive mode with the following command:

echo 0 >/selinux/enforce

Permanently Permissive

The above will switch off enforcement temporarily - until you reboot the system. If you want the system to always start in permissive mode, then here is how you do it, In Fedora, edit/etc/selinux/config and just change SELINUX=enforcing to SELINUX=permissive, and you're done.



Fully Disabling SELinux:

Fully disabling SELinux goes one step further than just switching into permissive mode. Disabling will completely disable all SELinux functions including file and process labelling.

In Fedora, edit /etc/selinux/config and change the SELINUX line to SELINUX=disabled

Submitted by GOKHAN GUN (not registered) on Fri, 2010-06-04 09:56.

Thanks for the good info and links. I had some security issue on the server that helped me to figure out simple thing I didn't see before. It is running successfully well now. I wanted to thank you all participants who prepared and contributed to the project.

Gokhan Gun

Submitted by Don (not registered) on Sat, 2010-03-20 02:23.

i think you are the only one out there that explained how to install phpmyadmin.

(at least the only one I could find!)

I am very grateful!!!

Submitted by piasek (not registered) on Sun, 2009-11-22 12:36.

well i have a problem to access phpMyAdmin via web-page

when i try localhost/myphpadmin/

web-page appear and ask me for login and password

i've tried :

root & mysql and nothing

i've tried change root password and i 've type at console

# mysqladmin -u root password 'pass'
mysqladmin: connect to server at 'localhost' failed
error: 'Access denied for user 'root'@'localhost' (using password: NO)'

can u haelp me solved it??

Submitted by Onkar (not registered) on Mon, 2010-08-16 14:27.
Please use the mysql password that you set up for the root office.
Submitted by Edward (not registered) on Thu, 2009-11-19 16:15.

Excellent how-to...

thanks!

Submitted by joseph (not registered) on Thu, 2009-11-19 03:58.

Smart source, it would be very helpful for newbies! If you're running productive server, it's suggested to compile from source code, or use a more stable distro instead :-/

Submitted by Anonymous (not registered) on Wed, 2009-11-18 15:47.
Very, very, very readable and helpful. Many thanks!!!