How To Use Multiple PHP Versions (PHP-FPM & FastCGI) With ISPConfig 3 (Debian Wheezy)

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Submitted by falko (Contact Author) (Forums) on Sun, 2013-03-17 18:19. :: Debian | ISPConfig | Web Server | Apache | Control Panels | nginx | PHP

How To Use Multiple PHP Versions (PHP-FPM & FastCGI) With ISPConfig 3 (Debian Wheezy)

Version 1.0
Author: Falko Timme <ft [at] falkotimme [dot] com>
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Last edited 03/04/2013

Since ISPConfig 3.0.5, it is possible to use multiple PHP versions on one server and select the optimal PHP version for a website. This feature works with PHP-FPM (starting with PHP 5.3) and FastCGI (all PHP 5.x versions). This tutorial shows how to build PHP 5.3 and PHP 5.4 as a PHP-FPM and a FastCGI version on a Debian Wheezy server. These PHP versions can be used together with the default PHP (installed through apt) in ISPConfig.

I do not issue any guarantee that this will work for you!

 

1 Preliminary Note

I will install PHP 5.3.22 and PHP 5.4.12, the latest PHP 5.3 and 5.4 versions at the time of this writing. I will also show how to build some additional PHP extensions such as APC, memcache, memcached, and ioncube.

Please note that PHP-FPM can be used on both Apache and nginx servers, while FastCGI is available only for Apache servers.

PHP-FPM and FastCGI are mutually exclusive in PHP 5.3 and 5.4, that's why I show two ways of building PHP, one for PHP-FPM, one for FastCGI, however you can compile PHP twice to get both, one time with --enable-fpm and one time with --enable-cgi (make sure to use different base directories, such as /opt/php-5.3.22 for PHP-FPM and /opt/phpfcgi-5.3.22 for FastCGI).

 

2 Building PHP 5.3.22 (PHP-FPM)

Download and extract PHP 5.3.22:

mkdir /opt/php-5.3.22
mkdir /usr/local/src/php5-build
cd /usr/local/src/php5-build
wget http://de.php.net/get/php-5.3.22.tar.bz2/from/this/mirror -O php-5.3.22.tar.bz2
tar jxf php-5.3.22.tar.bz2

cd php-5.3.22/

Install the prerequisites for building PHP5:

apt-get install build-essential

apt-get build-dep php5

apt-get install libfcgi-dev libfcgi0ldbl libjpeg62-dbg libmcrypt-dev libssl-dev libc-client2007e libc-client2007e-dev

ln -s /usr/lib/libc-client.a /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/libc-client.a

(The last command is needed if you build PHP with --with-imap, because otherwise ./configure will stop with the following error:

checking for crypt in -lcrypt... yes
configure: error: Cannot find imap library (libc-client.a). Please check your c-client installation.
root@server1:/usr/local/src/php5-build/php-5.3.22#

)

Configure and build PHP 5.3.22 as follows (you can adjust the ./configure command to your needs, take a look at

./configure --help

to see all available options; if you use a different ./configure command, it is possible that additional libraries are required, or the build process will fail):

./configure \
--prefix=/opt/php-5.3.22 \
--with-pdo-pgsql \
--with-zlib-dir \
--with-freetype-dir \
--enable-mbstring \
--with-libxml-dir=/usr \
--enable-soap \
--enable-calendar \
--with-curl \
--with-mcrypt \
--with-zlib \
--with-gd \
--with-pgsql \
--disable-rpath \
--enable-inline-optimization \
--with-bz2 \
--with-zlib \
--enable-sockets \
--enable-sysvsem \
--enable-sysvshm \
--enable-pcntl \
--enable-mbregex \
--enable-exif \
--enable-bcmath \
--with-mhash \
--enable-zip \
--with-pcre-regex \
--with-mysql \
--with-pdo-mysql \
--with-mysqli \
--with-jpeg-dir=/usr \
--with-png-dir=/usr \
--enable-gd-native-ttf \
--with-openssl \
--with-fpm-user=www-data \
--with-fpm-group=www-data \
--with-libdir=/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu \
--enable-ftp \
--with-imap \
--with-imap-ssl \
--with-kerberos \
--with-gettext \
--with-xmlrpc \
--with-xsl \
--enable-fpm

The last switch (--enable-fpm) makes sure this PHP version will work with PHP-FPM.

make
make install

Copy php.ini and php-fpm.conf to the correct locations:

cp /usr/local/src/php5-build/php-5.3.22/php.ini-production /opt/php-5.3.22/lib/php.ini

cp /opt/php-5.3.22/etc/php-fpm.conf.default /opt/php-5.3.22/etc/php-fpm.conf

Open /opt/php-5.3.22/etc/php-fpm.conf and adjust the following settings - in the listen line you must use an unused port (e.g. 8999; port 9000 might be in use by Debian's default PHP-FPM already), and you must add the line include=/opt/php-5.3.22/etc/pool.d/*.conf at the end:

vi /opt/php-5.3.22/etc/php-fpm.conf

[...]
pid = run/php-fpm.pid
[...]
user = www-data
group = www-data
[...]
listen = 127.0.0.1:8999
[...]
include=/opt/php-5.3.22/etc/pool.d/*.conf

Create the pool directory for PHP-FPM:

mkdir /opt/php-5.3.22/etc/pool.d

Next create an init script for PHP-FPM:

vi /etc/init.d/php-5.3.22-fpm

#! /bin/sh
### BEGIN INIT INFO
# Provides:          php-5.3.22-fpm
# Required-Start:    $all
# Required-Stop:     $all
# Default-Start:     2 3 4 5
# Default-Stop:      0 1 6
# Short-Description: starts php-5.3.22-fpm
# Description:       starts the PHP FastCGI Process Manager daemon
### END INIT INFO
php_fpm_BIN=/opt/php-5.3.22/sbin/php-fpm
php_fpm_CONF=/opt/php-5.3.22/etc/php-fpm.conf
php_fpm_PID=/opt/php-5.3.22/var/run/php-fpm.pid
php_opts="--fpm-config $php_fpm_CONF"
wait_for_pid () {
        try=0
        while test $try -lt 35 ; do
                case "$1" in
                        'created')
                        if [ -f "$2" ] ; then
                                try=''
                                break
                        fi
                        ;;
                        'removed')
                        if [ ! -f "$2" ] ; then
                                try=''
                                break
                        fi
                        ;;
                esac
                echo -n .
                try=`expr $try + 1`
                sleep 1
        done
}
case "$1" in
        start)
                echo -n "Starting php-fpm "
                $php_fpm_BIN $php_opts
                if [ "$?" != 0 ] ; then
                        echo " failed"
                        exit 1
                fi
                wait_for_pid created $php_fpm_PID
                if [ -n "$try" ] ; then
                        echo " failed"
                        exit 1
                else
                        echo " done"
                fi
        ;;
        stop)
                echo -n "Gracefully shutting down php-fpm "
                if [ ! -r $php_fpm_PID ] ; then
                        echo "warning, no pid file found - php-fpm is not running ?"
                        exit 1
                fi
                kill -QUIT `cat $php_fpm_PID`
                wait_for_pid removed $php_fpm_PID
                if [ -n "$try" ] ; then
                        echo " failed. Use force-exit"
                        exit 1
                else
                        echo " done"
                       echo " done"
                fi
        ;;
        force-quit)
                echo -n "Terminating php-fpm "
                if [ ! -r $php_fpm_PID ] ; then
                        echo "warning, no pid file found - php-fpm is not running ?"
                        exit 1
                fi
                kill -TERM `cat $php_fpm_PID`
                wait_for_pid removed $php_fpm_PID
                if [ -n "$try" ] ; then
                        echo " failed"
                        exit 1
                else
                        echo " done"
                fi
        ;;
        restart)
                $0 stop
                $0 start
        ;;
        reload)
                echo -n "Reload service php-fpm "
                if [ ! -r $php_fpm_PID ] ; then
                        echo "warning, no pid file found - php-fpm is not running ?"
                        exit 1
                fi
                kill -USR2 `cat $php_fpm_PID`
                echo " done"
        ;;
        *)
                echo "Usage: $0 {start|stop|force-quit|restart|reload}"
                exit 1
        ;;
esac

Make the init script executable and create the system startup links:

chmod 755 /etc/init.d/php-5.3.22-fpm
insserv php-5.3.22-fpm

Finally start PHP-FPM:

/etc/init.d/php-5.3.22-fpm start

As long as there are no pools in /opt/php-5.3.22/etc/pool.d, you will get this warning which you can ignore:

root@server1:/usr/local/src/php5-build/php-5.3.22# /etc/init.d/php-5.3.22-fpm start
Starting php-fpm [04-Mar-2013 14:58:41] WARNING: Nothing matches the include pattern '/opt/php-5.3.22/etc/pool.d/*.conf' from /opt/php-5.3.22/etc/php-fpm.conf at line 512.
done
root@server1:/usr/local/src/php5-build/php-5.3.22#

That's it - if you like, you can now install some additional modules like APC, memcache, memcached, and ioncube.

The APC, memcache, and memcached modules can be installed through PEAR which we must install and initialize first:

apt-get -y install php-pear

cd /opt/php-5.3.22/etc

pecl -C ./pear.conf update-channels

APC can now be installed as follows:

pecl -C ./pear.conf install apc

Accept all default values. Afterwards, open /opt/php-5.3.22/lib/php.ini...

vi /opt/php-5.3.22/lib/php.ini

... and add the line extension=apc.so at the end of the file (you can also configure some additional APC settings):

[...]
extension=apc.so
apc.enabled=1
apc.shm_size=128M
apc.ttl=0
apc.user_ttl=600
apc.gc_ttl=600
apc.enable_cli=1
apc.mmap_file_mask=/tmp/apc.XXXXXX
;apc.mmap_file_mask=/dev/zero
;apc.shm_segments = 5

The memcache extension can be installed as follows:

pecl -C ./pear.conf install memcache

Open /opt/php-5.3.22/lib/php.ini...

vi /opt/php-5.3.22/lib/php.ini

... and add the line extension=memcache.so at the end of the file:

[...]
extension=memcache.so

The memcached extension can be installed as follows:

apt-get install libmemcached-dev

pecl -C ./pear.conf install memcached

Open /opt/php-5.3.22/lib/php.ini...

vi /opt/php-5.3.22/lib/php.ini

... and add the line extension=memcached.so at the end of the file:

[...]
extension=memcached.so

The ionCube Loader can be installed as follows:

cd /tmp

Next download and unpack the correct ionCube Loader package for your architecture (x86_64 or x86).

For x86_64:

wget http://downloads2.ioncube.com/loader_downloads/ioncube_loaders_lin_x86-64.tar.gz
tar xfvz ioncube_loaders_lin_x86-64.tar.gz

For x86:

wget http://downloads2.ioncube.com/loader_downloads/ioncube_loaders_lin_x86.tar.gz
tar xfvz ioncube_loaders_lin_x86.tar.gz

Proceed as follows:

cp ioncube/ioncube_loader_lin_5.3.so /opt/php-5.3.22/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20090626/ioncube.so
vi /opt/php-5.3.22/lib/php.ini

Add the line zend_extension = /opt/php-5.3.22/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20090626/ioncube.so right at the beginning of the file (before the [PHP] line):

zend_extension = /opt/php-5.3.22/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20090626/ioncube.so
[PHP]
[...]

Reload PHP-FPM afterwards:

/etc/init.d/php-5.3.22-fpm reload

In ISPConfig 3.0.5, you can configure the new PHP version under System > Additional PHP Versions. On the Name tab, you just fill in a name for the PHP version (e.g. PHP 5.3.22) - this PHP version will be listed under this name in the website settings in ISPConfig:

Go to the PHP-FPM Settings tab (the FastCGI Settings tab can be left empty) and fill out the fields as follows:


Please do not use the comment function to ask for help! If you need help, please use our forum.
Comments will be published after administrator approval.
Submitted by Anonymous (not registered) on Tue, 2014-08-12 19:44.
Compiling php 5.3.28 on debian jessie (testing) does not work without some changes.
First, freetype.h was not found. In line 32280 I removed

 if test -f "$i/include/freetype2/freetype/freetype.h"; then

 and added

 if test -f "$i/include/freetype2/freetype.h"; then

After that freetype.h was found.

---

checking whether build with IMAP works... no
configure: error: build test failed. Please check the config.log for details.

To solve that error I had to add /usr as path for --with-openssl and --with-imap:
--with-openssl=/usr --with-imap=/usr

Submitted by szepe.viktor (registered user) on Mon, 2014-06-09 22:11.

There was an error in dns.c

error: undefined reference to '__dn_expand'


Solution

Add " -lresolv" to EXTRA_LIBS in Makefile.

 

Submitted by Anonymous (not registered) on Tue, 2014-05-13 01:11.
hello!!
For me show this error.
 
checking whether libmemcached supports sasl... no
configure: error: no, libmemcached sasl support is not enabled. Run configure with --disable-memcached-sasl to disable this check
ERROR: `/tmp/pear/temp/memcached/configure --with-libmemcached-dir=no' failed


Submitted by Daniele (not registered) on Wed, 2014-09-17 23:51.

i have same problem....

and i unable to install 

 

checking whether libmemcached supports sasl... no
configure: error: no, libmemcached sasl support is not enabled. Run configure with --disable-memcached-sasl to disable this check
ERROR: `/tmp/pear/temp/memcached/configure --with-libmemcached-dir=no' failed

there is not a workaround?????

Submitted by Brian (not registered) on Tue, 2013-09-24 22:03.

when I run the step When I use "Make" then Make Install, (Installing PHP-5.3.3). in the console show me this error


 ext/openssl/xp_ssl.o: In function `php_openssl_setup_crypto':                                                              

/usr/local/src/php5-build/php-5.3.3/ext/openssl/xp_ssl.c:353: undefined reference to `SSLv2_server_method'                 

/usr/local/src/php5-build/php-5.3.3/ext/openssl/xp_ssl.c:333: undefined reference to `SSLv2_client_method'                 

collect2: error: ld returned 1 exit status                                                                                 

make: *** [sapi/fpm/php-fpm] Error 1                                                                                       

root@server php5-build/php-5.3.3#

 

 

 How i Can solve this?

Submitted by Julien Meyer (not registered) on Thu, 2013-12-05 16:31.
Hello, 

I had the same problem. It's a bug https://bugs.php.net/bug.php?id=54736

Apply the patch debian_patches_disable_SSLv2_for_openssl_1_0_0.patch and it will work. 

 

Submitted by Evil Kitten (not registered) on Wed, 2013-06-12 09:52.
Hello, was doing the same with new 5.3.26 and got the error
 configure: error: xml2-config not found. Please check your libxml2 installation.
 had to install  libxml2-dev to fix it.
Submitted by Peterb (not registered) on Sat, 2013-05-11 12:26.

these instructions have an error.

This line does not work

ln -s /usr/lib/libc-client.a /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/libc-client.a

After searching the directories, x86_64-linux-gnu does not exist.

The error is ln: filed to create symbolic link

libc-client.a   no such file

 

Submitted by Normen Marienfeld (not registered) on Sat, 2013-03-23 13:05.

Hallo zusammen,

Habe alles so gemacht wie im Tutorial beschrieben bleibe aber leider hängen bei:

ln -s /usr/lib/libc-client.a /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/libc-client.a

configure: error: Cannot find imap library (libc-client.a). Please check your c-client installation.

 x86_64-linux-gnu existiert bei mir gar nicht ?

was kann ich da machen ?

System 

ispconfig 3.0.5.1

Debian 6.0 (Squeeze)

 

Submitted by likufanele (not registered) on Wed, 2013-12-25 16:53.

For Wheezy x32 bit you have to change the configure line from

--with-libdir=/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu \

to:

--with-libdir=/lib \

Submitted by Anonymous (not registered) on Sun, 2013-09-08 20:41.

Hallo,

 i have two WHEEZY machines one is with SID and other with stable repositories and both systems have /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/ folder.

I don't know why your WHEEZY does not contain this folder:

Ask by debian or find this directory and set it in --with-libdir= option.

 

Submitted by MaddinXx (registered user) on Sun, 2013-03-24 15:00.

Wheezy uses different /lib /lib64 structure than Squeeze does.

 You might need to use --with-libdir=lib64 instead.

 See http://www.howtoforge.com/building-php-5.4-from-source-on-debian-squeeze for Squeeze compatible ./configure.