Setting Up A Highly Available NFS Server - Page 2

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Submitted by falko (Contact Author) (Forums) on Tue, 2006-03-07 16:27. ::

4 Install NFS Server

Next we install the NFS server on both server1 and server2:


apt-get install nfs-kernel-server

Then we remove the system bootup links for NFS because NFS will be started and controlled by heartbeat in our setup:


update-rc.d -f nfs-kernel-server remove
update-rc.d -f nfs-common remove

We want to export the directory /data/export (i.e., this will be our NFS share that our web server cluster nodes will use to serve web content), so we edit /etc/exports on server1 and server2. It should contain only the following line:




This means that /data/export will be accessible by all systems from the 192.168.0.x subnet. You can limit access to a single system by using instead of, for example. See

man 5 exports

to learn more about this.

Later in this tutorial we will create /data/exports on our empty (and still unmounted!) partition /dev/sda8.

5 Install DRBD

Next we install DRBD on both server1 and server2:


apt-get install kernel-headers-2.6.8-2-386 drbd0.7-module-source drbd0.7-utils
cd /usr/src/
tar xvfz drbd0.7.tar.gz
cd modules/drbd/drbd
make install

Then edit /etc/drbd.conf on server1 and server2. It must be identical on both systems and looks like this:



resource r0 {

protocol C;
incon-degr-cmd "halt -f";

startup {
degr-wfc-timeout 120; # 2 minutes.

disk {
on-io-error detach;

net {


syncer {

rate 10M;

group 1;

al-extents 257;

on server1 { # ** EDIT ** the hostname of server 1 (uname -n)
device /dev/drbd0; #
disk /dev/sda8; # ** EDIT ** data partition on server 1
address; # ** EDIT ** IP address on server 1
meta-disk /dev/sda7[0]; # ** EDIT ** 128MB partition for DRBD on server 1

on server2 { # ** EDIT ** the hostname of server 2 (uname -n)
device /dev/drbd0; #
disk /dev/sda8; # ** EDIT ** data partition on server 2
address; # ** EDIT ** IP address on server 2
meta-disk /dev/sda7[0]; # ** EDIT ** 128MB partition for DRBD on server 2


As resource name you can use whatever you like. Here it's r0. Please make sure you put the correct hostnames of server1 and server2 into /etc/drbd.conf. DRBD expects the hostnames as they are shown by the command

uname -n

If you have set server1 and server2 respectively as hostnames during the basic Debian installation, then the output of uname -n should be server1 and server2.

Also make sure you replace the IP addresses and the disks appropriately. If you use /dev/hda instead of /dev/sda, please put /dev/hda8 instead of /dev/sda8 into /etc/drbd.conf (the same goes for the meta-disk where DRBD stores its meta data). /dev/sda8 (or /dev/hda8...) will be used as our NFS share later on.

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Submitted by Jason Priebe (not registered) on Wed, 2009-04-08 02:17.

We considered the DRBD approach as well when we looked to replace our NetApp cluster with a linux-based solution.  We settled on a slightly different approach (using RHEL and Cluster Suite). I welcome you to read my blog post about it.

Submitted by Anonymous (not registered) on Thu, 2006-07-13 22:56.

this may be pretty obvious, but when you install the kernel-headers  package, make sure you're using the version which match your running kernel (for example kernel-headers-2.6.8-2-686-smp ).


Submitted by endurion (registered user) on Thu, 2007-01-11 06:23.

Yes, this is VERY IMPORTANT.

 When installing your kernel headers, simply do this:

apt-get install kernel-headers-`uname -r` drbd0.7-module-source drbd0.7-utils


The `uname -r` will automatically insert your proper kernel version into the command.

Try running the command uname -r once, by itself, to see.