1. Howto: Virtual Users And Domains With Postfix, Courier, MySQL and SqirrelMail by falko

    Problem: Saslauthd does not start, stop or restart and consistently lists these "command not foundthd:" errors. Any clue, or any clue where I could look for clues?


    root@harmsen:/etc/postfix# /etc/init.d/saslauthd restart
    : command not foundthd: line 5:
    : command not foundthd: line 8:
    : command not foundthd: line 12:
    : command not foundthd: line 16:
    : command not foundthd: line 34:
    : command not foundthd: line 38:
    : command not foundthd: line 42:
    thdg SASL Authentication Daemon [ OK ]
    : command not foundthd: line 5:
    : command not foundthd: line 8:
    : command not foundthd: line 12:
    : command not foundthd: line 16:
    : command not foundthd: line 34:
    : command not foundthd: line 38:
    : command not foundthd: line 42:
    , edit /etc/default/saslauthd and set START=yes
    root@harmsen:/etc/postfix#

    After googling around and translating forum pages it seems I'm not the only one who has had this problem but nobody has posted a solution. I'm totally stuck. I've been tearing my hair out from this for hours and would appreciate help if anyone would be so kind.

    Thanks, Leif Harmsen
     
  2. falko

    falko Super Moderator ISPConfig Developer

    What's in /etc/init.d/saslauthd and /etc/default/saslauthd?
     
  3. /etc/init.d/saslauthd

    Code:
    #! /bin/sh
    ### BEGIN INIT INFO
    # Provides:          saslauthd
    # Required-Start:    $local_fs $remote_fs
    # Required-Stop:     $local_fs $remote_fs
    # Default-Start:     2 3 4 5
    # Default-Stop:      0 1 6
    # Short-Description: saslauthd startup script
    # Description:       This script starts the saslauthd daemon. It is
    #                    configured using the file /etc/default/saslauthd.
    ### END INIT INFO
    
    # Author: Fabian Fagerholm <[email protected]>
    
    # Do NOT "set -e"
    
    # PATH should only include /usr/* if it runs after the mountnfs.sh script
    PATH=/sbin:/usr/sbin:/bin:/usr/bin
    
    # Global variables
    DAEMON=/usr/sbin/saslauthd
    DEFAULT_FILES=`find /etc/default -regex '/etc/default/saslauthd[_a-zA-Z0-9\-]*$' -print | sort`
    
    # Exit if the package is not installed
    [ -x "$DAEMON" ] || exit 0
    
    # Load the VERBOSE setting and other rcS variables
    . /lib/init/vars.sh
    
    # Define LSB log_* functions.
    # Depend on lsb-base (>= 3.0-6) to ensure that this file is present.
    . /lib/lsb/init-functions
    
    # Function that starts all saslauthd instances
    # Parameters: none
    # Return value: none
    do_startall()
    {
    	for instance in $DEFAULT_FILES
    	do
    		start_instance $instance
    	done
    }
    
    # Function that stops all saslauthd instances
    # Parameters: none
    # Return value: none
    do_stopall()
    {
    	for instance in $DEFAULT_FILES
    	do
    		stop_instance $instance
    	done
    }
    
    # Function that sends a SIGHUP to all saslauthd instances
    # Parameters: none
    # Return value: none
    do_reloadall()
    {
    	for instance in $DEFAULT_FILES
    	do
    		reload_instance $instance
    	done
    }
    
    # Function that starts a single saslauthd instance
    # Parameters:
    #	$1 = path of default file for this instance
    # Return value:
    #	0 on success (does not mean the instance started)
    #	1 on failure
    start_instance()
    {
    	# Load defaults file for this instance.
    	. $1
    
    	# If the daemon is not enabled, give the user a warning and stop.
    	if [ "$START" != "yes" ]; then
    		log_warning_msg "To enable $NAME, edit $1 and set START=yes"
    		return 0
    	fi
    
    	# If the short name of this instance is undefined, warn the user
    	# but choose a default name.
    	if [ -z "$NAME" ]; then
    		log_warning_msg "Short name (NAME) undefined in $1, using default"
    		NAME=default
    	fi
    
    	log_daemon_msg "Starting $DESC" "$NAME"
    
    	# Determine run directory and pid file location by looking
    	# for an -m option.
    	RUN_DIR=`echo "$OPTIONS" | xargs -n 1 echo | sed -n '/^-m$/{n;p}'`
    	if [ -z "$RUN_DIR" ]; then
    		# No run directory defined in defaults file, fail.
            log_failure_msg "No run directory defined for $NAME, not starting"
    		return 1
    	fi
    	PIDFILE=$RUN_DIR/saslauthd.pid
    
    	# If no mechanisms are defined, fail.
    	if [ -z "$MECHANISMS" ]; then
    		log_failure_msg "No mechanisms defined in $1, not starting $NAME"
    		return 1
    	fi
    
    	# If there are mechanism options defined, prepare them for use with
    	# the -O flag.
    	if [ -n "$MECH_OPTIONS" ]; then
    		MECH_OPTIONS="-O $MECH_OPTIONS"
    	fi
    
    	# If there is a threads option defined, prepare it for use with
    	# the -n flag.
    	if [ -n "$THREADS" ]; then
    		THREAD_OPTIONS="-n $THREADS"
    	fi
    
    	# Construct argument string.
    	DAEMON_ARGS="-a $MECHANISMS $MECH_OPTIONS $OPTIONS $THREAD_OPTIONS"
    
    	# If there is a statoverride for the run directory, then pull
    	# permission and ownership information from it and create the directory.
    	# Otherwise, we create the directory with default permissions and
    	# ownership (root:sasl, 710).
    	if dpkg-statoverride --list $RUN_DIR > /dev/null; then
    		createdir `dpkg-statoverride --list $RUN_DIR`
    	else
    		createdir root sasl 710 $RUN_DIR
    	fi
    
    	# Start the daemon, phase 1: see if it is already running.
    	start-stop-daemon --start --quiet --pidfile $PIDFILE --name $NAME \
    		--exec $DAEMON --test > /dev/null
    	if [ "$?" != 0 ]; then
    		log_progress_msg "(already running)"
    		log_end_msg 0
    		return 0
    	fi
    
    	# Start the daemon, phase 2: it was not running, so actually start it now.
    	start-stop-daemon --start --quiet --pidfile $PIDFILE --name $NAME \
    		--exec $DAEMON -- $DAEMON_ARGS
    	if [ "$?" -ne 0 ]; then
    		log_end_msg 1
    		return 1
    	fi
    
    	# Started successfully.
    	log_end_msg 0
    	return 0
    }
    
    # Function that stops a single saslauthd instance
    # Parameters:
    #	$1 = path of default file for this instance
    # Return value:
    #	0 on success (daemon was stopped)
    #	1 if the daemon was already stopped
    #	2 if the daemon could not be stopped
    stop_instance()
    {
    	# Load defaults file for this instance.
    	. $1
    
    	# If the short name of this instance is undefined, warn the user
    	# but choose a default name.
    	if [ -z "$NAME" ]; then
    		log_warning_msg "Short name (NAME) undefined in $1, using default"
    		NAME=default
    	fi
    
    	# Determine run directory and pid file location by looking
    	# for an -m option.
    	RUN_DIR=`echo "$OPTIONS" | xargs -n 1 echo | sed -n '/^-m$/{n;p}'`
    	if [ -z "$RUN_DIR" ]; then
    		# No run directory defined in defaults file, fail.
            log_failure_msg "No run directory defined for $NAME, cannot stop"
    		return 2
    	fi
    	PIDFILE=$RUN_DIR/saslauthd.pid
    
    	log_daemon_msg "Stopping $DESC" "$NAME"
    
    	start-stop-daemon --stop --quiet --retry=TERM/30/KILL/5 \
    		--pidfile $PIDFILE --exec $DAEMON
    
    	if [ "$?" -eq 2 ]; then
    		# Failed to stop.
    		log_end_msg 1
    		return 2
    	fi
    
    	if [ "$?" -eq 1 ]; then
    		# Already stopped.
    		log_progress_msg "(not running)"
    	fi
    
    	# Many daemons don't delete their pidfiles when they exit.
    	rm -f $PIDFILE
    
    	# Stopped successfully.
    	log_end_msg 0
    	return $RETVAL
    }
    
    # Function that sends a SIGHUP to a single saslauthd instance
    # Parameters:
    #	$1 = path of default file for this instance
    # Return value:
    #	0 on success (does not mean the daemon was reloaded)
    #	other values on failure
    reload_instance()
    {
    	# Load defaults file for this instance.
    	. $1
    
    	# If the short name of this instance is undefined, warn the user
    	# but choose a default name.
    	if [ -z "$NAME" ]; then
    		log_warning_msg "Short name (NAME) undefined in $1, using default"
    		NAME=default
    	fi
    
    	# Determine run directory and pid file location by looking
    	# for an -m option.
    	RUN_DIR=`echo "$OPTIONS" | xargs -n 1 echo | sed -n '/^-m$/{n;p}'`
    	if [ -z "$RUN_DIR" ]; then
    		# No run directory defined in defaults file, fail.
            log_failure_msg "No run directory defined for $NAME, cannot reload"
    		return 2
    	fi
    	PIDFILE=$RUN_DIR/saslauthd.pid
    
    	log_daemon_msg "Reloading $DESC" "$NAME"
    
    	# Reload the daemon. First, see if it is already running.
    	start-stop-daemon --start --quiet --pidfile $PIDFILE \
    		--exec $DAEMON --test > /dev/null
    
    	if [ "$?" -eq 0 ]; then
    		# Not running, signal this and stop.
    		log_progress_msg "(not running)"
    		log_end_msg 0
    		return 0
    	fi
    
    	start-stop-daemon --stop --signal 1 \
    		--pidfile $PIDFILE --exec $DAEMON
    	log_end_msg $?
    }
    
    # Function that creates a directory with the specified
    # ownership and permissions
    # Parameters:
    #	$1 = user
    #	$2 = group
    #	$3 = permissions (octal)
    #	$4 = path to directory
    # Return value: none
    createdir()
    {
    	# In the future, use -P/-Z to have SE Linux enhancement
    	install -d --group="$2" --mode="$3" --owner="$1" "$4"
    }
    
    # Action switch
    case "$1" in
    	start)
    		do_startall
    		;;
    	stop)
    		do_stopall
    		;;
    	reload|force-reload)
    		do_reloadall
    		;;
    	restart)
    		do_stopall
    		do_startall
    		;;
    	start-instance)
    		if [ -f /etc/default/$2 ]; then
    			start_instance /etc/default/$2
    		else
    			log_failure_msg "Instance $2 does not exist."
    		fi
    		;;
    	stop-instance)
    		if [ -f /etc/default/$2 ]; then
    			stop_instance /etc/default/$2
    		else
    			log_failure_msg "Instance $2 does not exist."
    		fi
    		;;
    	reload-instance|force-reload-instance)
    		if [ -f /etc/default/$2 ]; then
    			reload_instance /etc/default/$2
    		else
    			log_failure_msg "Instance $2 does not exist."
    		fi
    		;;
    	restart-instance)
    		if [ -f /etc/default/$2 ]; then
    			stop_instance /etc/default/$2
    			start_instance /etc/default/$2
    		else
    			log_failure_msg "Instance $2 does not exist."
    		fi
    		;;
    	*)
    		SCRIPTNAME=$0
    		echo -ne "Usage: $SCRIPTNAME"\
    			"{start|stop|restart|reload|force-reload}\n" \
    			"    or {start-instance|stop-instance|restart-instance|\n" \
    			"        reload-instance|force-reload-instance} <instance name>\n" \
    			>&2
    		exit 3
    		;;
    esac
    
    :
    
     
  4. /etc/default/saslauthd

    Code:
    #
    # Settings for saslauthd daemon
    # Please read /usr/share/doc/sasl2-bin/README.Debian for details.
    #
    
    # Should saslauthd run automatically on startup? (default: no)
    START=yes
    
    # Description of this saslauthd instance. Recommended.
    # (suggestion: SASL Authentication Daemon)
    DESC="SASL Authentication Daemon"
    
    # Short name of this saslauthd instance. Strongly recommended.
    # (suggestion: saslauthd)
    NAME="saslauthd"
    
    # Which authentication mechanisms should saslauthd use? (default: pam)
    #
    # Available options in this Debian package:
    # getpwent  -- use the getpwent() library function
    # kerberos5 -- use Kerberos 5
    # pam       -- use PAM
    # rimap     -- use a remote IMAP server
    # shadow    -- use the local shadow password file
    # sasldb    -- use the local sasldb database file
    # ldap      -- use LDAP (configuration is in /etc/saslauthd.conf)
    #
    # Only one option may be used at a time. See the saslauthd man page
    # for more information.
    #
    # Example: MECHANISMS="pam"
    MECHANISMS="pam"
    # MECHANISMS="sasldb"
    
    # Additional options for this mechanism. (default: none)
    # See the saslauthd man page for information about mech-specific options.
    MECH_OPTIONS=""
    
    # How many saslauthd processes should we run? (default: 5)
    # A value of 0 will fork a new process for each connection.
    THREADS=5
    
    # Other options (default: -c -m /var/run/saslauthd)
    # Note: You MUST specify the -m option or saslauthd won't run!
    #
    # See /usr/share/doc/sasl2-bin/README.Debian for Debian-specific information.
    # See the saslauthd man page for general information about these options.
    #
    # Example for postfix users: "-c -m /var/spool/postfix/var/run/saslauthd"
    # OPTIONS="-c -m /var/run/saslauthd"
    OPTIONS="-c -m /var/spool/postfix/var/run/saslauthd -r"
     
  5. falko

    falko Super Moderator ISPConfig Developer

    The first line of /etc/init.d/saslauthd must be
    Code:
    #!/bin/sh
    not
    Code:
    #! /bin/sh
     
  6. Fixed with dos2unix!

    I must have edited or perhaps only looked at /etc/default/saslauthd while at my boyfriend's flat - he runs Microsoft Windows which apparently writes all kinds of invisible crap like redundant line-feed rubbish in text files that remain invisible even with nano or vi on Linux! The blank lines causing errors was the clue that led me to learn about the "dos2unix" utility that fixed the file. Thank you Falco for pointing me to the suspect file.

    Code:
    root@harmsen:/# dos2unix /etc/default/saslauthd
    root@harmsen:/# /etc/init.d/saslauthd stop
     * Stopping SASL Authentication Daemon saslauthd                         [ OK ] 
    root@harmsen:/# /etc/init.d/saslauthd start
     * Starting SASL Authentication Daemon saslauthd                         [ OK ] 
    root@harmsen:/# 
     

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