VBoxHeadless - Running Virtual Machines With VirtualBox 3.1.x On A Headless Server

Discussion in 'HOWTO-Related Questions' started by epretorious, Feb 14, 2010.

  1. epretorious

    epretorious HowtoForge Supporter

    Is there an elegant way to automatically start guest VM's on a VirtualBox headless server at boot time or should I just add a static entry in /etc/rc.d/rc.local for each VM?
     
  2. agarcia71

    agarcia71 New Member

    Hi Fellows,

    Got this situation:

    Host server running Ubuntu 9.10
    Host server have 4 NICS.
    4 guess machines, all of them with ubuntu.

    I need to work with all 4 nics on each one of guess machine on bridge mode, but it doesnt work. Its that possible. :(
    All nics are configure on bridge mode for on guess machine.

    Thanks in advance.
     
  3. falko

    falko Super Moderator

    How exactly did you create the guests, and how do you start them?
     
  4. agarcia71

    agarcia71 New Member

    Hi Falko:

    Tank you for your reply, this is my configuration for one of them.

    Thanks in advance

    Code:
    <VirtualBox xmlns="http://www.innotek.de/VirtualBox-settings" version="1.9-linux">
      <Machine uuid="{14628c06-f9ee-438c-80e1-db7e0654bed3}" name="Zeus_8.43_Server" OSType="Other" lastStateChange="2010-02-17T23:03:38Z">
        <Hardware version="2">
          <CPU count="1">
            <HardwareVirtEx enabled="true" exclusive="true"/>
            <HardwareVirtExNestedPaging enabled="true"/>
            <HardwareVirtExVPID enabled="true"/>
            <PAE enabled="true"/>
          </CPU>
          <Memory RAMSize="512"/>
          <Boot>
            <Order position="1" device="DVD"/>
            <Order position="2" device="DVD"/>
            <Order position="3" device="HardDisk"/>
            <Order position="4" device="None"/>
          </Boot>
          <Display VRAMSize="12" monitorCount="1" accelerate3D="false" accelerate2DVideo="false"/>
          <RemoteDisplay enabled="false" port="3389" authType="Null" authTimeout="5000"/>
          <BIOS>
            <ACPI enabled="true"/>
            <IOAPIC enabled="false"/>
            <Logo fadeIn="true" fadeOut="true" displayTime="0"/>
            <BootMenu mode="MessageAndMenu"/>
            <TimeOffset value="0"/>
            <PXEDebug enabled="false"/>
          </BIOS>
          <USBController enabled="false" enabledEhci="false"/>
          <Network>
            <Adapter slot="0" enabled="true" MACAddress="080027331A53" cable="true" speed="0" type="Am79C973">
              <BridgedInterface name="eth0"/>
            </Adapter>
            <Adapter slot="1" enabled="true" MACAddress="080027F784B4" cable="true" speed="0" type="Am79C973">
              <BridgedInterface name="eth1"/>
            </Adapter>
            <Adapter slot="2" enabled="true" MACAddress="080027F69EC3" cable="true" speed="0" type="Am79C973">
              <BridgedInterface name="eth2"/>
            </Adapter>
            <Adapter slot="3" enabled="true" MACAddress="080027ABC578" cable="true" speed="0" type="Am79C973">
              <BridgedInterface name="eth3"/>
            </Adapter>
            <Adapter slot="4" enabled="false" MACAddress="080027183C65" cable="true" speed="0" type="Am79C973"/>
            <Adapter slot="5" enabled="false" MACAddress="080027AF299D" cable="true" speed="0" type="Am79C973"/>
            <Adapter slot="6" enabled="false" MACAddress="0800275BBF77" cable="true" speed="0" type="Am79C973"/>
            <Adapter slot="7" enabled="false" MACAddress="080027E63516" cable="true" speed="0" type="Am79C973"/>
          </Network>
          <UART>
            <Port slot="0" enabled="false" IOBase="0x3f8" IRQ="4" hostMode="Disconnected"/>
            <Port slot="1" enabled="false" IOBase="0x3f8" IRQ="4" hostMode="Disconnected"/>
          </UART>
          <LPT>
            <Port slot="0" enabled="false" IOBase="0x378" IRQ="4"/>
            <Port slot="1" enabled="false" IOBase="0x378" IRQ="4"/>
          </LPT>
          <AudioAdapter controller="AC97" driver="ALSA" enabled="false"/>
          <SharedFolders/>
          <Clipboard mode="Bidirectional"/>
          <Guest memoryBalloonSize="0" statisticsUpdateInterval="0"/>
          <GuestProperties/>
        </Hardware>
        <StorageControllers>
          <StorageController name="IDE Controller" type="PIIX4" PortCount="2">
            <AttachedDevice type="HardDisk" port="0" device="0">
              <Image uuid="{10372a11-f162-40d8-b575-e0032cbbdc57}"/>
            </AttachedDevice>
          </StorageController>
        </StorageControllers>
      </Machine>
    </VirtualBox>
    

    Machine is started in this way:

    Code:
    VBoxManage startvm Zeus_8.43_Server -type vrdp
    
     
    Last edited: Feb 24, 2010
  5. falko

    falko Super Moderator

    I guess this is the crucial part:
    Code:
            <Adapter slot="0" enabled="true" MACAddress="080027331A53" cable="true" speed="0" type="Am79C973">
              <BridgedInterface name="eth0"/>
            </Adapter>
            <Adapter slot="1" enabled="true" MACAddress="080027F784B4" cable="true" speed="0" type="Am79C973">
              <BridgedInterface name="eth1"/>
            </Adapter>
            <Adapter slot="2" enabled="true" MACAddress="080027F69EC3" cable="true" speed="0" type="Am79C973">
              <BridgedInterface name="eth2"/>
            </Adapter>
            <Adapter slot="3" enabled="true" MACAddress="080027ABC578" cable="true" speed="0" type="Am79C973">
              <BridgedInterface name="eth3"/>
            </Adapter>
    
    I think you should have just one adapter per VM - eth0 for the first VM, eth1 for the second, and so on.
     
  6. agarcia71

    agarcia71 New Member

    Hi Falko:

    ok, this is the complete escenary:

    need to get rid of 4 PCs, they work as a server. I have just one equipment with the capacity of virtualize all the services that runs on those PCs and I need/required 4 Nics, because I have:

    Network gw:, 1 IP public, 1 local, 1 wireless network
    Antispam: 1 ip Public
    Monitoring: 1 ip public, 1 local
    Vpn server: 1 ip public, 1 local, 1 wireless network

    I want to connect one Network Interrace to the the public IP segment, and use that one in all the VM that requires a public IP, and so on with the other interfaces.

    Is There a way to do this with VirtualBox, what do you recommend ? :confused:

    Thanks in advance.
     
    Last edited: Feb 25, 2010
  7. falko

    falko Super Moderator

    Do you have multiple public IPs? Only then can you assign public IPs to your VMs. If you have just one static IP which is in use on the host, this is not possible.
     
  8. agarcia71

    agarcia71 New Member

    Falko:

    Yes I Do, it doesn't matter for public IPs, got what I need.
     
  9. agarcia71

    agarcia71 New Member

    Hi Falko:

    So, is there no way todo this ?.
    I been looking for information but I didn't found anything.

    Thanks any way.
     
  10. falko

    falko Super Moderator

    I haven't tried this yet, so I'm afraid I can't be of much help. :(
     
  11. epretorious

    epretorious HowtoForge Supporter

    Nobody seems to have noticed the original post to this thread so I'll re-state the question:
     

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