Problem on building server

Discussion in 'Server Operation' started by satimis, Mar 24, 2007.

  1. satimis

    satimis New Member

    Hi folks,

    CentOS 4.4 x86_64

    I followed;
    The Perfect Setup - CentOS 4.4 (32-bit)
    http://howtoforge.com/perfect_setup_centos_4.4_p4

    encountering problem on "7 Quota" as follows;
    (Remark: I'm running x86_64 version)

    # yum install quota
    Code:
    Setting up Install Process
    Setting up repositories
    update                    100% |=========================|  951 B    00:00     
    base                      100% |=========================| 1.1 kB    00:00     
    addons                    100% |=========================|  951 B    00:00     
    extras                    100% |=========================| 1.1 kB    00:00     
    Reading repository metadata in from local files
    Parsing package install arguments
    Nothing to do
    
    [[email protected] ~]# yum search quota
    Code:
    Searching Packages: 
    Setting up repositories
    Reading repository metadata in from local files
    
    
    quota.x86_64                             1:3.12-5               base            
    Matched from:
    quota
    The quota package contains system administration tools for monitoring
    and limiting user and or group disk usage per filesystem.
    http://sourceforge.net/projects/linuxquota/
    
    
    quota.x86_64                             1:3.12-5               installed       
    Matched from:
    quota
    The quota package contains system administration tools for monitoring
    and limiting user and or group disk usage per filesystem.
    http://sourceforge.net/projects/linuxquota/
    
    It seems already installed.

    My "fstab" after editing
    # cat /etc/fstab
    Code:
    # This file is edited by fstab-sync - see 'man fstab-sync' for details
    LABEL=/                 /                       ext3    defaults,usrquota,grpquote        1 1
    LABEL=/boot             /boot                   ext2    defaults        1 2
    none                    /dev/pts                devpts  gid=5,mode=620  0 0
    none                    /dev/shm                tmpfs   defaults        0 0
    LABEL=/home             /home                   ext3    defaults        1 2
    none                    /proc                   proc    defaults        0 0
    none                    /sys                    sysfs   defaults        0 0
    LABEL=/usr              /usr                    ext3    defaults        1 2
    LABEL=/var              /var                    ext3    defaults        1 2
    LABEL=SWAP-sda6         swap                    swap    defaults        0 0
    /dev/scd0               /media/cdrecorder       auto    pamconsole,exec,noauto,managed 0 0
    You have mail in /var/spool/mail/root
    
    [[email protected] ~]# fdisk -l
    Code:
    
    Disk /dev/sda: 160.0 GB, 160041885696 bytes
    255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 19457 cylinders
    Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
    
       Device Boot      Start         End      Blocks   Id  System
    /dev/sda1   *           1          13      104391   83  Linux
    /dev/sda2              14        1288    10241437+  83  Linux
    /dev/sda3            1289        7662    51199155   83  Linux
    /dev/sda4            7663       19457    94743337+   5  Extended
    /dev/sda5            7663       14036    51199123+  83  Linux
    /dev/sda6           14037       14163     1020096   82  Linux swap
    /dev/sda7           14164       19457    42524023+  83  Linux
    
    Continued

    # touch /aquota.user /aquota.group
    # chmod 600 /aquota.*
    No complaint

    # mount -o remount /
    Code:
    mount: / not mounted already, or bad option
    
    # mount /
    Code:
    mount: /dev/sda2 already mounted or / busy
    mount: according to mtab, /dev/sda2 is already mounted on /
    
    # quotacheck -avugm
    Code:
    quotacheck: Can't find filesystem to check or filesystem not mounted with quota option.
    
    Can't proceed further. Pls advise. TIA


    B.R.
    satimis
     
  2. till

    till Super Moderator Staff Member ISPConfig Developer

    You have a typo in your /etc/fstab file. It must be:

    LABEL=/ / ext3 defaults,usrquota,grpquota 1 1
     
  3. satimis

    satimis New Member

    Hi till,

    Tks for your advice.

    Something strange happened here. The PC has been turned off a while and just booted. Following warning popup on text scrolling;

    mount : none already mounted or /dev/pts busy
    mount : none already mounted or /sys busy
    rc.sysinit: Mounting local filesystem: failed
    mount: /dev/sda1 already mounted or /boot busy
    mount: /dev/sda7 already mounted or /home busy
    mount: /dev/sda5 already mounted or /usr busy
    mount: /dev/sda3 already mounted or /var busy
    etc.

    Finally it booted to runlevel-3

    But I was not allowed to change /etc/fstab as root.

    Pls help. TIA


    B.R.
    satimis
     
  4. falko

    falko Super Moderator ISPConfig Developer

    What's the output of
    Code:
    ls -l /etc/fstab
    ,
    Code:
    df -h
    , and
    Code:
    fdisk -l
    ?
     
  5. satimis

    satimis New Member

    Hi falko,

    # ls -l /etc/fstab
    Code:
    -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 940 Mar 24 12:23 /etc/fstab
    
    # df -h
    Code:
    Filesystem   Size  Used  Avail  Use%  Mounted on
    /dev/sda2    9.7G  287M  8.9G     4%  /
    
    It seems other partitions not mounted.

    # fdisk -l
    Code:
    Device	    Boot   Start    End	     Blocks	Id	System
    /dev/sda1   *	       1     13	     104391	83	Linux
    /dev/sda2	      14   1288	   10241437+  	83	Linux
    /dev/sda3	    1289   7662	   51199155  	83	Linux
    /dev/sda4	    7663  19457	   94743337+  	 5	Extended
    /dev/sda5	    7663  14036    51199123+	83	Linux
    /dev/sda6	   14037  14163     1020096	82	Linux swap
    /dev/sda7	   14164  19457    42524023+	83	Linux
    

    Edit:
    I suppose / is mounted read-only

    # touch /etc/test
    touch: cannot touch `/etc/test': Read-only file system

    # ls -l /etc/test
    ls: /etc/test: No such file or directory.


    B.R.
    satimis
     
    Last edited: Mar 26, 2007
  6. falko

    falko Super Moderator ISPConfig Developer

    Do you remember what exactly you did between when it was working and when it started to make problems?
     
  7. satimis

    satimis New Member

    Sorry, I can't remember exactly. I only played around on;

    mount -o remount /
    mount -o /
    umount /
    etc.


    satimis
     
  8. satimis

    satimis New Member

    Hi folks,


    Performed following test according to;
    http://www.linuxfromscratch.org/pipermail/hints/2002-November/001360.html

    Started single user mode.
    # rm /etc/mtab
    Code:
    rm: cannot remove `etc/mtab': Read-only file system
    
    It also did not work on "su -"

    # cat /etc/mtab
    Code:
    /dev/sda2 / ext3 rw 0 0
    none /proc proc rw 0 0
    
    Now I tried again with -f option

    # rm -f /etc/mtab
    rm: cannot remove `etc/mtab': Read-only file system

    # ls -l /etc/mtab
    Code:
    -rw-r--r--  1  root  root  47 Mar 24 13:12  /etc/mtab
    
    It is very weird here.

    Since this is an experiment I will reinstall CentOS 4.4 amd64 after erasing the HD completely. My next installation will be the 3rd round, with failure on 1st and 2nd rounds. If still fail again I'll move to another distro.

    Tks.


    B.R.
    satimis
     
  9. satimis

    satimis New Member

    Hi folks,


    CentOS 4.4 amd64 revives after performing following steps

    - started PC with a LiveCD
    - mount / rw
    - edited /etc/fstab
    changing "grpquote" to "grpquota"
    - rebooted PC

    I'm surprised one typo "grpquote" can make the whole system failing to work.


    I'll continue the test.


    B.R.
    satimis
     

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