Apache Sub domains

Discussion in 'Server Operation' started by indecipherable, Mar 5, 2010.

  1. indecipherable

    indecipherable New Member

    Hello,
    This is my first thread.

    Specs:
    BIND9
    Apache2
    Debian Lenny
    Single I.P


    Problem:
    I'm trying to setup subdomains for my users in apache.
    I'd like username.mydomain.com to point to a /www folder in their home directory.

    Apache2.conf looks like this:

    <VirtualHost *:80>
    DocumentRoot "/home/indecipherable/mydomain"
    ServerName www.mydomain.net
    <Directory "/home/indecipherable/mydomain">
    allow from all
    Options +Indexes
    </Directory>
    </VirtualHost>


    <VirtualHost *:80>
    DocumentRoot "/home/indecipherable/mydomain"
    ServerName mydomain.net
    <Directory "/home/indecipherable/mydomain">
    allow from all
    Options +Indexes
    </Directory>
    </VirtualHost>

    (NOTE: These two above work entirely)


    <VirtualHost *:80>
    DocumentRoot "/home/username/www"
    ServerName username.mydomain.net
    <Directory "/home/username/mydomain">
    allow from all
    Options +Indexes
    </Directory>
    </VirtualHost>

    Does not work.
    Do I need to set it up as a working site or site-available or add it to my bind directory?

    I also receive these errors when I'm trying to restart apache, although it does restart.

    [Fri Mar 05 06:58:15 2010] [error] VirtualHost *:80 -- mixing * ports and non-* ports with a NameVirtualHost address is not supported, proceeding with undefined results
    [Fri Mar 05 06:58:15 2010] [warn] NameVirtualHost *:80 has no VirtualHosts
     
  2. falko

    falko Super Moderator

    Does username.mydomain.net exist as a DNS record?

    Can you try
    Code:
    <VirtualHost *>
    instead of
    Code:
    <VirtualHost *:80>
    ?
     
  3. indecipherable

    indecipherable New Member

    sub domain working

    Thanks falko,
    I added the BIND dns record
    incubizzle.mydomain.com @ CNAME
    works now :)


    removed the * from the conf file and it still gives me the same errors on apache restart. apache functions though.
     
  4. falko

    falko Super Moderator

    Don't remove the *, but :80 instead.
     
  5. indecipherable

    indecipherable New Member

    Ah. Sorry Falko - removed the :80 and get the same message about NameVirtualHost *:80. so I entered apache.conf and tried to search for NamevirtualHost with CTRL+W in pico but it was unable to find that variable in the configuration file. Any suggestions as to where it could be?

    Actually, it failed - i must have made another mistake when I edited it. It says

    Reloading web server config: apache2[Tue Mar 09 01:55:48 2010] [error] VirtualHost *:80 -- mixing * ports and non-* ports with a NameVirtualHost address is not supported, proceeding with undefined results
    [Tue Mar 09 01:55:48 2010] [warn] NameVirtualHost *:80 has no VirtualHosts
    httpd not running, trying to start
    (13)Permission denied: make_sock: could not bind to address [::]:80
    (13)Permission denied: make_sock: could not bind to address 0.0.0.0:80
    no listening sockets available, shutting down
    Unable to open logs
    failed!
     
  6. indecipherable

    indecipherable New Member

    Here is my apache2.conf

    Code:
    # Based upon the NCSA server configuration files originally by Rob McCool.
    #
    # This is the main Apache server configuration file.  It contains the
    # configuration directives that give the server its instructions.
    # See http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.2/ for detailed information about
    # the directives.
    #
    # Do NOT simply read the instructions in here without understanding
    # what they do.  They're here only as hints or reminders.  If you are unsure
    # consult the online docs. You have been warned.  
    #
    # The configuration directives are grouped into three basic sections:
    #  1. Directives that control the operation of the Apache server process as a
    #     whole (the 'global environment').
    #  2. Directives that define the parameters of the 'main' or 'default' server,
    #     which responds to requests that aren't handled by a virtual host.
    #     These directives also provide default values for the settings
    #     of all virtual hosts.
    #  3. Settings for virtual hosts, which allow Web requests to be sent to
    #     different IP addresses or hostnames and have them handled by the
    #     same Apache server process.
    #
    # Configuration and logfile names: If the filenames you specify for many
    # of the server's control files begin with "/" (or "drive:/" for Win32), the
    # server will use that explicit path.  If the filenames do *not* begin
    # with "/", the value of ServerRoot is prepended -- so "/var/log/apache2/foo.log"
    # with ServerRoot set to "" will be interpreted by the
    # server as "//var/log/apache2/foo.log".
    #
    
    ### Section 1: Global Environment
    #
    # The directives in this section affect the overall operation of Apache,
    # such as the number of concurrent requests it can handle or where it
    # can find its configuration files.
    #
    
    #
    # ServerRoot: The top of the directory tree under which the server's
    # configuration, error, and log files are kept.
    #
    # NOTE!  If you intend to place this on an NFS (or otherwise network)
    # mounted filesystem then please read the LockFile documentation (available
    # at <URL:http://httpd.apache.org/docs-2.1/mod/mpm_common.html#lockfile>);
    # you will save yourself a lot of trouble.
    #
    # Do NOT add a slash at the end of the directory path.
    #
    ServerRoot "/etc/apache2"
    
    #
    # The accept serialization lock file MUST BE STORED ON A LOCAL DISK.
    #
    #<IfModule !mpm_winnt.c>
    #<IfModule !mpm_netware.c>
    LockFile /var/lock/apache2/accept.lock
    #</IfModule>
    #</IfModule>
    
    #
    # PidFile: The file in which the server should record its process
    # identification number when it starts.
    # This needs to be set in /etc/apache2/envvars
    #
    PidFile ${APACHE_PID_FILE}
    
    #
    # Timeout: The number of seconds before receives and sends time out.
    #
    Timeout 300
    
    #
    # KeepAlive: Whether or not to allow persistent connections (more than
    # one request per connection). Set to "Off" to deactivate.
    #
    KeepAlive On
    
    #
    # MaxKeepAliveRequests: The maximum number of requests to allow
    # during a persistent connection. Set to 0 to allow an unlimited amount.
    # We recommend you leave this number high, for maximum performance.
    #
    MaxKeepAliveRequests 100
    
    #
    # KeepAliveTimeout: Number of seconds to wait for the next request from the
    # same client on the same connection.
    #
    KeepAliveTimeout 15
    
    ##
    ## Server-Pool Size Regulation (MPM specific)
    ## 
    
    # prefork MPM
    # StartServers: number of server processes to start
    # MinSpareServers: minimum number of server processes which are kept spare
    # MaxSpareServers: maximum number of server processes which are kept spare
    # MaxClients: maximum number of server processes allowed to start
    # MaxRequestsPerChild: maximum number of requests a server process serves
    <IfModule mpm_prefork_module>
        StartServers          5
        MinSpareServers       5
        MaxSpareServers      10
        MaxClients          150
        MaxRequestsPerChild   0
    </IfModule>
    
    # worker MPM
    # StartServers: initial number of server processes to start
    # MaxClients: maximum number of simultaneous client connections
    # MinSpareThreads: minimum number of worker threads which are kept spare
    # MaxSpareThreads: maximum number of worker threads which are kept spare
    # ThreadsPerChild: constant number of worker threads in each server process
    # MaxRequestsPerChild: maximum number of requests a server process serves
    <IfModule mpm_worker_module>
        StartServers          2
        MaxClients          150
        MinSpareThreads      25
        MaxSpareThreads      75 
        ThreadsPerChild      25
        MaxRequestsPerChild   0
    </IfModule>
    
    # These need to be set in /etc/apache2/envvars
    User ${APACHE_RUN_USER}
    Group ${APACHE_RUN_GROUP}
    
    #
    # AccessFileName: The name of the file to look for in each directory
    # for additional configuration directives.  See also the AllowOverride
    # directive.
    #
    
    AccessFileName .htaccess
    
    #
    # The following lines prevent .htaccess and .htpasswd files from being 
    # viewed by Web clients. 
    #
    <Files ~ "^\.ht">
        Order allow,deny
        Deny from all
    </Files>
    
    #
    # DefaultType is the default MIME type the server will use for a document
    # if it cannot otherwise determine one, such as from filename extensions.
    # If your server contains mostly text or HTML documents, "text/plain" is
    # a good value.  If most of your content is binary, such as applications
    # or images, you may want to use "application/octet-stream" instead to
    # keep browsers from trying to display binary files as though they are
    # text.
    #
    DefaultType text/plain
    
    
    #
    # HostnameLookups: Log the names of clients or just their IP addresses
    # e.g., www.apache.org (on) or 204.62.129.132 (off).
    # The default is off because it'd be overall better for the net if people
    # had to knowingly turn this feature on, since enabling it means that
    # each client request will result in AT LEAST one lookup request to the
    # nameserver.
    #
    HostnameLookups Off
    
    # ErrorLog: The location of the error log file.
    # If you do not specify an ErrorLog directive within a <VirtualHost>
    # container, error messages relating to that virtual host will be
    # logged here.  If you *do* define an error logfile for a <VirtualHost>
    # container, that host's errors will be logged there and not here.
    #
    ErrorLog /var/log/apache2/error.log
    
    #
    # LogLevel: Control the number of messages logged to the error_log.
    # Possible values include: debug, info, notice, warn, error, crit,
    # alert, emerg.
    #
    LogLevel warn
    
    # Include module configuration:
    Include /etc/apache2/mods-enabled/*.load
    Include /etc/apache2/mods-enabled/*.conf
    
    # Include all the user configurations:
    Include /etc/apache2/httpd.conf
    
    # Include ports listing
    Include /etc/apache2/ports.conf
    
    #
    # The following directives define some format nicknames for use with
    # a CustomLog directive (see below).
    # If you are behind a reverse proxy, you might want to change %h into %{X-Forwarded-For}i
    #
    LogFormat "%v:%p %h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b \"%{Referer}i\" \"%{User-Agent}i\"" vhost_combined
    LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b \"%{Referer}i\" \"%{User-Agent}i\"" combined
    LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b" common
    LogFormat "%{Referer}i -> %U" referer
    LogFormat "%{User-agent}i" agent
    
    #
    # Define an access log for VirtualHosts that don't define their own logfile
    CustomLog /var/log/apache2/other_vhosts_access.log vhost_combined
    
    #
    # Customizable error responses come in three flavors:
    # 1) plain text 2) local redirects 3) external redirects
    #
    # Some examples:
    #ErrorDocument 500 "The server made a boo boo."
    #ErrorDocument 404 /missing.html
    #ErrorDocument 404 "/cgi-bin/missing_handler.pl"
    #ErrorDocument 402 http://www.example.com/subscription_info.html
    #
    
    #
    # Putting this all together, we can internationalize error responses.
    #
    # We use Alias to redirect any /error/HTTP_<error>.html.var response to
    # our collection of by-error message multi-language collections.  We use 
    # includes to substitute the appropriate text.
    #
    # You can modify the messages' appearance without changing any of the
    # default HTTP_<error>.html.var files by adding the line:
    #
    #   Alias /error/include/ "/your/include/path/"
    #
    # which allows you to create your own set of files by starting with the
    # /usr/share/apache2/error/include/ files and copying them to /your/include/path/, 
    # even on a per-VirtualHost basis.  The default include files will display
    # your Apache version number and your ServerAdmin email address regardless
    # of the setting of ServerSignature.
    #
    # The internationalized error documents require mod_alias, mod_include
    # and mod_negotiation.  To activate them, uncomment the following 30 lines.
    
    #    Alias /error/ "/usr/share/apache2/error/"
    #
    #    <Directory "/usr/share/apache2/error">
    #        AllowOverride None
    #        Options IncludesNoExec
    #        AddOutputFilter Includes html
    #        AddHandler type-map var
    #        Order allow,deny
    #        Allow from all
    #        LanguagePriority en cs de es fr it nl sv pt-br ro
    #        ForceLanguagePriority Prefer Fallback
    #    </Directory>
    #
    #    ErrorDocument 400 /error/HTTP_BAD_REQUEST.html.var
    #    ErrorDocument 401 /error/HTTP_UNAUTHORIZED.html.var
    #    ErrorDocument 403 /error/HTTP_FORBIDDEN.html.var
    #    ErrorDocument 404 /error/HTTP_NOT_FOUND.html.var
    #    ErrorDocument 405 /error/HTTP_METHOD_NOT_ALLOWED.html.var
    #    ErrorDocument 408 /error/HTTP_REQUEST_TIME_OUT.html.var
    #    ErrorDocument 410 /error/HTTP_GONE.html.var
    #    ErrorDocument 411 /error/HTTP_LENGTH_REQUIRED.html.var
    #    ErrorDocument 412 /error/HTTP_PRECONDITION_FAILED.html.var
    #    ErrorDocument 413 /error/HTTP_REQUEST_ENTITY_TOO_LARGE.html.var
    #    ErrorDocument 414 /error/HTTP_REQUEST_URI_TOO_LARGE.html.var
    #    ErrorDocument 415 /error/HTTP_UNSUPPORTED_MEDIA_TYPE.html.var
    #    ErrorDocument 500 /error/HTTP_INTERNAL_SERVER_ERROR.html.var
    #    ErrorDocument 501 /error/HTTP_NOT_IMPLEMENTED.html.var
    #    ErrorDocument 502 /error/HTTP_BAD_GATEWAY.html.var
    #    ErrorDocument 503 /error/HTTP_SERVICE_UNAVAILABLE.html.var
    #    ErrorDocument 506 /error/HTTP_VARIANT_ALSO_VARIES.html.var
    
    
    
    # Include of directories ignores editors' and dpkg's backup files,
    # see README.Debian for details.
    
    # Include generic snippets of statements
    Include /etc/apache2/conf.d/
    
    # Include the virtual host configurations:
    Include /etc/apache2/sites-enabled/
    
    
    
     
    
    <VirtualHost *>
    DocumentRoot "/home/username/mydomain"
    ServerName www.mydomain.net
    <Directory "/home/username/mydomain">
    allow from all
    Options +Indexes
    </Directory>
    </VirtualHost>
    
    
    
    <VirtualHost *>
    DocumentRoot "/home/username/mydomain"
    ServerName mydomain.net
    <Directory "/home/username/mydomain">
    allow from all
    Options +Indexes
    </Directory>
    </VirtualHost>
    
    <VirtualHost *>
    ServerName incubizzle.mydomain.net
    <Directory "/home/mydomain/www">
    allow from all
    Options +Indexes
    </Directory>
    </VirtualHost>
    
    
    <VirtualHost *>
    DocumentRoot "/var/www"
    ServerName www.anotherdomain.com
    <Directory "/var/www">
    allow from all
    Options +Indexes
    </Directory>
    </VirtualHost>
    
    
    
    <VirtualHost *>
    DocumentRoot "/var/www"
    ServerName anotherdomain.com
    <Directory "/var/www">
    allow from all
    Options +Indexes
    </Directory>
    </VirtualHost>
    
     
  7. falko

    falko Super Moderator

    What happens when you add
    Code:
    NameVirtualHost *
    before the first virtual host?
     
  8. indecipherable

    indecipherable New Member

    Well, I added it
    prior to the first virtualhost as you suggested.
    Success - apache reloaded again:) thank you.

    However, this was the reload output

    estarting web server: apache2[Tue Mar 09 21:00:52 2010] [error] VirtualHost *:80 -- mixing * ports and non-* ports with a NameVirtualHost address is not supported, proceeding with undefined results
    [Tue Mar 09 21:00:52 2010] [warn] NameVirtualHost *:0 has no VirtualHosts
    [Tue Mar 09 21:00:52 2010] [warn] NameVirtualHost *:80 has no VirtualHosts
    ... waiting [Tue Mar 09 21:00:53 2010] [error] VirtualHost *:80 -- mixing * ports and non-* ports with a NameVirtualHost address is not supported, proceeding with undefined results
    [Tue Mar 09 21:00:53 2010] [warn] NameVirtualHost *:0 has no VirtualHosts
    [Tue Mar 09 21:00:53 2010] [warn] NameVirtualHost *:80 has no VirtualHosts
     
  9. indecipherable

    indecipherable New Member

    I wish someone like you could login and fix my blunders during this learning process. finding the right resources and failing with terrible tutorials has probably been my downfall.
    I worked backwards entirely and designed my site, delegated my dns before learning fundamentals of a web server. Sad Sad Panda.
     
  10. falko

    falko Super Moderator

    Does the /etc/apache2/sites-enabled/ directory contain any vhosts that use :80?
     
  11. indecipherable

    indecipherable New Member

    Yes it does, thanks falko - problem fixed!
     

Share This Page