Virtual Users And Domains With Postfix, Courier And MySQL (Fedora 8) - Page 5

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Submitted by falko (Contact Author) (Forums) on Sun, 2007-11-18 18:13. ::

14 Test Postfix

To see if Postfix is ready for SMTP-AUTH and TLS, run

telnet localhost 25

After you have established the connection to your Postfix mail server type

ehlo localhost

If you see the lines

250-STARTTLS

and

250-AUTH LOGIN PLAIN

everything is fine.

[root@server1 sbin]# telnet localhost 25
Trying 127.0.0.1...
Connected to localhost.
Escape character is '^]'.
220 server1.example.com ESMTP Postfix
ehlo localhost
250-server1.example.com
250-PIPELINING
250-SIZE 10240000
250-VRFY
250-ETRN
250-STARTTLS
250-AUTH LOGIN PLAIN
250-AUTH=LOGIN PLAIN
250-ENHANCEDSTATUSCODES
250-8BITMIME
250 DSN
quit
221 2.0.0 Bye
Connection closed by foreign host.
[root@server1 sbin]#

Type

quit

to return to the system's shell.

 

15 Populate The Database And Test

To populate the database you can use the MySQL shell:

mysql -u root -p
USE mail;

At least you have to create entries in the tables domains and users:

INSERT INTO `domains` (`domain`) VALUES ('example.com');
INSERT INTO `users` (`email`, `password`, `quota`) VALUES ('sales@example.com', ENCRYPT('secret'), 10485760);

(Please take care you use the ENCRYPT syntax in the second INSERT statement in order to encrypt the password!)

If you want to make entries in the other two tables, that would look like this:

INSERT INTO `forwardings` (`source`, `destination`) VALUES ('info@example.com', 'sales@example.com');
INSERT INTO `transport` (`domain`, `transport`) VALUES ('example.com', 'smtp:mail.example.com');

To leave the MySQL shell, type

quit;

For most people it is easier if they have a graphical front-end to MySQL; therefore you can also use phpMyAdmin (in this example under http://192.168.0.100/phpMyAdmin/ or http://server1.example.com/phpMyAdmin/) to administrate the mail database. Again, when you create a user, go sure that you use the ENCRYPT function to encrypt the password:

I do not think I have to explain the domains and users table further.

The forwardings table can have entries like the following:

source destination  
info@example.com sales@example.com Redirects emails for info@example.com to sales@example.com
@example.com thomas@example.com Creates a Catch-All account for thomas@example.com. All emails to example.com will arrive at thomas@example.com, except those that exist in the users table (i.e., if sales@example.com exists in the users table, mails to sales@example.com will still arrive at sales@example.com).
@example.com @anotherdomain.tld This redirects all emails to example.com to the same user at anotherdomain.tld. E.g., emails to thomas@example.com will be forwarded to thomas@anotherdomain.tld.
info@example.com sales@example.com, billing@anotherdomain.tld Forward emails for info@example.com to two or more email addresses. All listed email addresses under destination receive a copy of the email.

The transport table can have entries like these:

domain transport  
example.com : Delivers emails for example.com locally. This is as if this record would not exist in this table at all.
example.com smtp:mail.anotherdomain.tld Delivers all emails for example.com via smtp to the server mail.anotherdomain.com.
example.com smtp:mail.anotherdomain.tld:2025 Delivers all emails for example.com via smtp to the server mail.anotherdomain.com, but on port 2025, not 25 which is the default port for smtp.
example.com

smtp:[1.2.3.4]
smtp:[1.2.3.4]:2025
smtp:[mail.anotherdomain.tld]

The square brackets prevent Postfix from doing lookups of the MX DNS record for the address in square brackets. Makes sense for IP addresses.
.example.com smtp:mail.anotherdomain.tld Mail for any subdomain of example.com is delivered to mail.anotherdomain.tld.
* smtp:mail.anotherdomain.tld All emails are delivered to mail.anotherdomain.tld.
joe@example.com smtp:mail.anotherdomain.tld Emails for joe@example.com are delivered to mail.anotherdomain.tld.

See

man transport

for more details.

Please keep in mind that the order of entries in the transport table is important! The entries will be followed from the top to the bottom.

Important: Postfix uses a caching mechanism for the transports, therefore it might take a while until you changes in the transport table take effect. If you want them to take effect immediately, run

postfix reload

after you have made your changes in the transport table.

 

16 References

Tutorial: ISP-style Email Service with Debian-Sarge and Postfix 2.1: http://workaround.org/articles/ispmail-sarge/

Postfix + Quota: http://vhcs.net/new/modules/newbb/viewtopic.php?topic_id=3496&forum=17

Mail Passwords Encrypted using saslauthd: http://www.syscp.de/docs/public/contrib/cryptedmailpws

 

17 Links


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Submitted by LifePoisons (not registered) on Thu, 2009-01-15 02:52.

I can't tell you how much I appreciate this guide.  You are a fine human being.  I ran into an issue at the last step with testing out utilizing "telnet localhost 25".  I'd connect then just hang.  Upon inspection of my /var/log/mailog I was getting an error stating:

fatal: unsupported dictionary type: mysql

Upon running "postconf -m" I realized that the mysql update never even took so no wonder it was unsupported.  I reviewed the  patch process and was getting "xxx file conflicts with previous install of xxxx" when I tried to rpm that beast up.  I followed the wisdom of another fella stating that I needed to update the "Release 2" line in the postfix.spec then rebuild and rerun.  Still no luck...fewer conflict listings but still no support.  After several other pathetic attempts on my part, I just gave up and used the "rpm --force -ivh" flag.  I'm sure this is gonna wreak havoc on my soul in the future for something but for those of you in a pickle just know that it was the only way my baby would cooperate.  Just wanted to help this possibly not happen to someone else.  Hopefully you can find a more intelligent way to solve it.  This was the quick and dirty.  Happy mailing.