The Perfect SpamSnake - Ubuntu 8.04 LTS - Page 02

Want to support HowtoForge? Become a subscriber!
 
Submitted by Rocky (Contact Author) (Forums) on Thu, 2008-05-01 17:48. ::

1.3 Enable The root Account

After the reboot you can log in with your previously created username (e.g. administrator). Because we must run all the steps from this tutorial as root user, we must enable the root account now. Run

sudo passwd root

and give root a password. Afterwards we become root by running

su

 

1.4 Install vim-full (Optional)

I'll use vi as my text editor in this tutorial. The default vi program has some strange behaviour on Ubuntu and Debian; to fix this, we install vim-full:

apt-get install vim-full

(You don't have to do this if you use a different text editor such as joe or nano.)

 

1.5 Configure The Network

Because the Ubuntu installer has configured our system to get its network settings via DHCP, we have to change that now because a server should have a static IP address. Edit /etc/network/interfaces and adjust it to your needs (in this example setup I will use the IP address 192.168.0.100):

vi /etc/network/interfaces

# This file describes the network interfaces available on your system
# and how to activate them. For more information, see interfaces(5).

# The loopback network interface
auto lo
iface lo inet loopback

# The primary network interface
auto eth0
iface eth0 inet static
        address 192.168.0.100
        netmask 255.255.255.0
        network 192.168.0.0
        broadcast 192.168.0.255
        gateway 192.168.0.1

Then restart your network:

/etc/init.d/networking restart

Then edit /etc/hosts. Make it look like this:

vi /etc/hosts

127.0.0.1       localhost.localdomain   localhost
192.168.0.100   server1.example.com     server1

# The following lines are desirable for IPv6 capable hosts
::1     ip6-localhost ip6-loopback
fe00::0 ip6-localnet
ff00::0 ip6-mcastprefix
ff02::1 ip6-allnodes
ff02::2 ip6-allrouters
ff02::3 ip6-allhosts

Now run

echo server1.example.com > /etc/hostname
/etc/init.d/hostname.sh start

Afterwards, run

hostname
hostname -f

Both should show server1.example.com now.

 

1.6 Edit /etc/apt/sources.list And Update Your Linux Installation

Edit /etc/apt/sources.list. Comment out or remove the installation CD from the file and make sure that the universe and multiverse repositories are enabled. It should look like this:

vi /etc/apt/sources.list

#
# deb cdrom:[Ubuntu-Server 8.04 _Hardy Heron_ - Release i386 (20080423.2)]/ hardy main restricted

#deb cdrom:[Ubuntu-Server 8.04 _Hardy Heron_ - Release i386 (20080423.2)]/ hardy main restricted
# See http://help.ubuntu.com/community/UpgradeNotes for how to upgrade to
# newer versions of the distribution.

deb http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ hardy main restricted
deb-src http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ hardy main restricted

## Major bug fix updates produced after the final release of the
## distribution.
deb http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ hardy-updates main restricted
deb-src http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ hardy-updates main restricted

## N.B. software from this repository is ENTIRELY UNSUPPORTED by the Ubuntu
## team, and may not be under a free licence. Please satisfy yourself as to
## your rights to use the software. Also, please note that software in
## universe WILL NOT receive any review or updates from the Ubuntu security
## team.
deb http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ hardy universe
deb-src http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ hardy universe
deb http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ hardy-updates universe
deb-src http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ hardy-updates universe

## N.B. software from this repository is ENTIRELY UNSUPPORTED by the Ubuntu
## team, and may not be under a free licence. Please satisfy yourself as to
## your rights to use the software. Also, please note that software in
## multiverse WILL NOT receive any review or updates from the Ubuntu
## security team.
deb http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ hardy multiverse
deb-src http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ hardy multiverse
deb http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ hardy-updates multiverse
deb-src http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ hardy-updates multiverse

## Uncomment the following two lines to add software from the 'backports'
## repository.
## N.B. software from this repository may not have been tested as
## extensively as that contained in the main release, although it includes
## newer versions of some applications which may provide useful features.
## Also, please note that software in backports WILL NOT receive any review
## or updates from the Ubuntu security team.
# deb http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ hardy-backports main restricted universe multiverse
# deb-src http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ hardy-backports main restricted universe multiverse

## Uncomment the following two lines to add software from Canonical's
## 'partner' repository. This software is not part of Ubuntu, but is
## offered by Canonical and the respective vendors as a service to Ubuntu
## users.
# deb http://archive.canonical.com/ubuntu hardy partner
# deb-src http://archive.canonical.com/ubuntu hardy partner

deb http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu hardy-security main restricted
deb-src http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu hardy-security main restricted
deb http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu hardy-security universe
deb-src http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu hardy-security universe
deb http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu hardy-security multiverse
deb-src http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu hardy-security multiverse

Then run

apt-get update

to update the apt package database and

apt-get upgrade

to install the latest updates (if there are any).

 

1.7 Change The Default Shell

/bin/sh is a symlink to /bin/dash, however we need /bin/bash, not /bin/dash. Therefore we do this:

ln -sf /bin/bash /bin/sh

 

1.8 Disable AppArmor

AppArmor is a security extension (similar to SELinux) that should provide extended security. In my opinion you don't need it to configure a secure system, and it usually causes more problems than advantages (think of it after you have done a week of trouble-shooting because some service wasn't working as expected, and then you find out that everything was ok, only AppArmor was causing the problem).

We can disable it like this:

/etc/init.d/apparmor stop
update-rc.d -f apparmor remove

 

1.9 Install Some Software

Now we install a few packages that are needed later on. Run

apt-get install binutils cpp fetchmail flex gcc libarchive-zip-perl libc6-dev libcompress-zlib-perl libdb4.3-dev libpcre3 libpopt-dev lynx m4 make ncftp nmap openssl perl perl-modules unzip zip zlib1g-dev autoconf automake1.9 libtool bison autotools-dev g++ build-essential dpkg-dev db4.3-util vim bzip2 perl-doc libwww-perl libdbi-perl libconvert-binhex-perl libmail-spf-query-perl rblcheck libnet-ident-perl tnef pax libberkeleydb-perl unzoo arj lzop nomarch arc zoo libdb-file-lock-perl

(This command must go into one line!)

 

1.10 Install Unarj

cd /usr/src
wget http://http.us.debian.org/debian/pool/main/a/arj/unarj_3.10.21-2_all.deb
dpkg -i unarj_3.10.21-2_all.deb

 

1.11 Install Perl Modules(Pre-requisites)

Can be installed via perl -MCPAN or Webmin. I find that doing this through Webmin is better.

perl -MCPAN -e shell
install Module::Build
install Mail::SPF (Needed for SPF Checking)
install NetAddr::IP (Needed for SPF Checking)
install MLDBM::Sync this should also install MLDBM (Needed for MailWatch)

apt-get install libdbd-mysql-perl libapache-dbi-perl (Needed for MailWatch)

 

1.12 Webmin

apt-get install libauthen-pam-perl libio-pty-perl libmd5-perl libnet-ssleay-perl

Download latest webmin using the following command:

wget http://internap.dl.sourceforge.net/sourceforge/webadmin/webmin_1.410_all.deb

Now we have webmin_1.410_all.deb package; you need to install it using the following command:

dpkg -i webmin_1.410_all.deb

If your server complains that there is some library it does not find, just run the following command

apt-get install -f

You should now be able to login to Webmin at the URL https://localhost:10000/

 

1.13 Remove Programs

Now we also need to remove some programs, hopefully you don't need PCMCIA or printer support. This server will not need dial-up support either. You will not necessarily have all of these programs installed.

Uninstall the following software (all one line):

apt-get remove pcmciautils ubuntu-minimal pppoeconf ppp pppconfig

 

1.14 Cleaning up services

Some services might still linger even after uninstalling the daemons. First we need to backup inet.d:

cp -R /etc/init.d /etc/init.d.backup

Now we can stop all of the services that might be running which we don't need:

/etc/init.d/pcmciautils stop
update-rc.d -f pcmciautils remove

Disable all of the services we stopped:

update-inetd --disable time

update-inetd --disable daytime

update-inetd --disable echo

update-inetd --disable chargen

update-inetd --disable ident

update-inetd --disable discard

The last one may ask you a question regarding "multiple entries", answer yes (y).

Check that we got everything:

lsof -i | grep LISTEN

The only daemon you should see at this point is *:ssh and miniserv. You may have to run this again:

update-inetd --disable discard

If there are other programs shown, try rebooting and test again.


Please do not use the comment function to ask for help! If you need help, please use our forum.
Comments will be published after administrator approval.
Submitted by Haas (not registered) on Sun, 2008-11-16 17:01.
Unarj: it seems, that unarj was removed from the Debian/Ubuntu archives
Submitted by Philip Jones (not registered) on Mon, 2009-02-23 16:09.

Hi
 I found that if you change unarg... for arg_3.10.22-2_i386.deb at the end of the wget command it works fine, to check which files are available open the link (without the wget or filename) in your browser.
Great How-To
Thanks

Submitted by Anonymous (not registered) on Tue, 2008-11-25 19:57.

Any news on how to install unarj now that it is no longer in the debian or ubuntu repos? I am trying to configure a spam snake following the tutorial but unarj is no longer available. Plese help.

 

Submitted by Anonymous (not registered) on Thu, 2008-11-27 20:00.

I've googled for 'linux arj options' and found that the options are the same as for 'arj'.

So I think that 'arj' already does the job of 'unarj'. If not, you can test if (as root or sudo) 'ln -s /usr/bin/arj /usr/bin/unarj' works...

Regards

Submitted by Anonymous (not registered) on Mon, 2009-01-05 13:16.

I downloaded the file from another mirror, saved it in my web folder and ointed linux to it ]

worked great

but can not get web admin working

 

Submitted by Gagandeep (not registered) on Sat, 2009-03-21 21:20.

I downloaded it from here

https://launchpad.net/ubuntu/warty/i386/unarj/3.10.21-1