The Perfect Desktop - Ubuntu Studio 9.04

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Submitted by falko (Contact Author) (Forums) on Sun, 2009-05-03 18:16. :: Ubuntu | Desktop

The Perfect Desktop - Ubuntu Studio 9.04

Version 1.0
Author: Falko Timme <ft [at] falkotimme [dot] com>
Last edited 04/29/2009

This tutorial shows how you can set up an Ubuntu Studio 9.04 desktop that is a full-fledged replacement for a Windows desktop, i.e. that has all the software that people need to do the things they do on their Windows desktops. The advantages are clear: you get a secure system without DRM restrictions that works even on old hardware, and the best thing is: all software comes free of charge.

I want to say first that this is not the only way of setting up such a system. There are many ways of achieving this goal but this is the way I take. I do not issue any guarantee that this will work for you!

 

1 Preliminary Note

To fully replace a Windows desktop, I want the Ubuntu Studio desktop to have the following software installed:

Graphics:

  • The GIMP - free software replacement for Adobe Photoshop
  • F-Spot - full-featured personal photo management application for the GNOME desktop
  • Google Picasa - application for organizing and editing digital photos

Internet:

  • Firefox
  • Opera
  • Flash Player 10
  • FileZilla - multithreaded FTP client
  • Thunderbird - email and news client
  • Evolution - combines e-mail, calendar, address book, and task list management functions
  • aMule - P2P file sharing application
  • Transmission BitTorrent Client - Bittorrent client
  • Azureus/Vuze - Java Bittorrent client
  • Pidgin - multi-platform instant messaging client
  • Skype
  • Google Earth
  • Xchat IRC - IRC client

Office:

  • OpenOffice Writer - replacement for Microsoft Word
  • OpenOffice Calc - replacement for Microsoft Excel
  • Adobe Reader
  • GnuCash - double-entry book-keeping personal finance system, similar to Quicken
  • Scribus - open source desktop publishing (DTP) application

Sound & Video:

  • Amarok - audio player
  • Audacity - free, open source, cross platform digital audio editor
  • Banshee - audio player, can encode/decode various formats and synchronize music with Apple iPods
  • MPlayer - media player (video/audio), supports WMA
  • Rhythmbox Music Player - audio player, similar to Apple's iTunes, with support for iPods
  • gtkPod - software similar to Apple's iTunes, supports iPod, iPod nano, iPod shuffle, iPod photo, and iPod mini
  • XMMS - audio player similar to Winamp
  • dvd::rip - full featured DVD copy program
  • Kino - free digital video editor
  • Sound Juicer CD Extractor - CD ripping tool, supports various audio codecs
  • VLC Media Player - media player (video/audio)
  • Helix Player - media player, similar to the Real Player
  • Totem - media player (video/audio)
  • Xine - media player, supports various formats; can play DVDs
  • Brasero - CD/DVD burning program
  • K3B - CD/DVD burning program
  • Multimedia Codecs

Programming:

  • KompoZer - WYSIWYG HTML editor, similar to Macromedia Dreamweaver, but not as feature-rich (yet)
  • Bluefish - text editor, suitable for many programming and markup languages
  • Quanta Plus - web development environment, including a WYSIWYG editor

Other:

  • VirtualBox OSE- lets you run your old Windows desktop as a virtual machine under your Linux desktop, so you don't have to entirely abandon Windows
  • TrueType fonts
  • Java
  • Read-/Write support for NTFS partitions

Lots of our desired applications are available in the Ubuntu repositories, and some of these applications have been contributed by the Ubuntu community.

As you might have noticed, a few applications are redundant, for example there are two CD/DVD burning applications in my list (Brasero, K3B). If you know which one you like best, you obviously don't need to install the other applications, however if you like choice, then of course you can install both. The same goes for music players like Amarok, Banshee, Rhythmbox, XMMS or browsers (Firefox, Opera).

I will use the username falko in this tutorial. Please replace it with your own username.

 

2 Installing The Base System

The installation of the base system is easy as 1-2-3 because the Ubuntu Studio installer doesn't offer a lot of options to choose from, so you cannot go wrong.

Download the Ubuntu Studio iso image from http://ubuntustudio.org/downloads, burn it onto a DVD, and boot your computer from it. Select your language:

Then select Install Ubuntu Studio:

Choose your language again (?):

Then select your location:

Choose a keyboard layout (you will be asked to press a few keys, and the installer will try to detect your keyboard layout based on the keys you pressed):

The installer checks the installation CD, your hardware, and configures the network with DHCP if there is a DHCP server in the network:

You can accept the default hostname or specify your own one:

Now you have to partition your hard disk. For simplicity's sake I will create one big partition (with the mount point /) and a little swap partition so I select Guided - use entire disk (of course, the partitioning is totally up to you - if you like, you can create more than just one big partition, and you can also use LVM):

Select the disk that you want to partition:

When you're finished, hit Yes when you're asked Write the changes to disks?:

Afterwards, your new partitions are being created and formatted.


Please do not use the comment function to ask for help! If you need help, please use our forum.
Comments will be published after administrator approval.
Submitted by stojo01 (not registered) on Sun, 2009-05-17 01:34.

I got stuck on the openoffice install it hangs in mailmerge.py part

see

https://bugs.launchpad.net/ubuntu/+source/dpkg/+bug/370233

 

Recommend you skip openoffice install

Submitted by Safer Code (not registered) on Tue, 2009-05-05 16:58.

Jaunty is fine but has serious problems with the graphics card. So, please consider that before switching to it. This post explains more:

Ubuntu Jaunty Graphics Problems

Submitted by Anonymous (not registered) on Tue, 2009-05-05 15:19.

Hi!

Nice tutorial, but just wondering, why go through all the hassle if you can just use Wubi, get Ubuntu on you desktop/laptop as a second boot system and bob is you uncle!

I jsut set up my system like this - Win XP as base, then Ubuntu 9.04 through Wubi as second boot option. All sorted.

Apparently  Ubuntu is a bit slower in this mode, but I have not seen any significant lags. Moreover I have seen improveemnt in some task over XP!

Plus I use dual screen setup - so my main work area is a hi-res standalone lcd, and on the laptop I have all the other tidbits, like VLC media player, messenger, browser etc. Works fine without all the regular installation hassle!

The apps repository system is brilliant and you can jsut click what you want to install once you have the base system running and all happens automagically! No more hassle with terminal and sudoing everything! Even my wifi was configured autmoatically!

Woo-hoo go *Buntu go! (jsut a little fan boishness...)

Mr G

Submitted by july04 (not registered) on Thu, 2009-07-02 19:31.

if (for example) your pc is infected from a virus and can't boot your primary O.S. you get stuck

if you get a virus in your ms virtual machine you copy "on the fly" another M$ machine while quietly continuing to work in the linux host :-)

Submitted by Randall Stross (not registered) on Tue, 2009-05-05 02:50.
Great howto. This makes Ubuntu Studio much easier to install.