The Perfect Desktop - Kubuntu 10.04

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Submitted by falko (Contact Author) (Forums) on Thu, 2010-05-20 16:19. :: Ubuntu | Desktop

The Perfect Desktop - Kubuntu 10.04

Version 1.0
Author: Falko Timme <ft [at] falkotimme [dot] com>
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Last edited 05/17/2010

This tutorial shows how you can set up a Kubuntu 10.04 desktop that is a full-fledged replacement for a Windows desktop, i.e. that has all the software that people need to do the things they do on their Windows desktops. The advantages are clear: you get a secure system without DRM restrictions that works even on old hardware, and the best thing is: all software comes free of charge. Kubuntu 10.04 is derived from Ubuntu 10.04 and uses the KDE desktop instead of the GNOME desktop.

I want to say first that this is not the only way of setting up such a system. There are many ways of achieving this goal but this is the way I take. I do not issue any guarantee that this will work for you!

 

1 Preliminary Note

To fully replace a Windows desktop, I want the Kubuntu desktop to have the following software installed:

Graphics:

  • The GIMP - free software replacement for Adobe Photoshop
  • F-Spot - full-featured personal photo management application for the GNOME desktop
  • Google Picasa - application for organizing and editing digital photos

Internet:

  • Firefox
  • Opera
  • Flash Player 10
  • FileZilla - multithreaded FTP client
  • Thunderbird - email and news client
  • Evolution - combines e-mail, calendar, address book, and task list management functions
  • aMule - P2P file sharing application
  • KTorrent - Bittorrent client
  • Vuze - Java Bittorrent client
  • Kopete - multi-platform instant messaging client
  • Skype
  • Google Earth
  • Quassel IRC - IRC client

Office:

  • OpenOffice Writer - replacement for Microsoft Word
  • OpenOffice Calc - replacement for Microsoft Excel
  • Adobe Reader
  • GnuCash - double-entry book-keeping personal finance system, similar to Quicken
  • Scribus - open source desktop publishing (DTP) application

Sound & Video:

  • Amarok - audio player
  • Audacity - free, open source, cross platform digital audio editor
  • Banshee - audio player, can encode/decode various formats and synchronize music with Apple iPods
  • MPlayer - media player (video/audio), supports WMA
  • Rhythmbox Music Player - audio player, similar to Apple's iTunes, with support for iPods
  • gtkPod - software similar to Apple's iTunes, supports iPod, iPod nano, iPod shuffle, iPod photo, and iPod mini
  • XMMS - audio player similar to Winamp
  • dvd::rip - full featured DVD copy program
  • Kino - free digital video editor
  • Sound Juicer CD Extractor - CD ripping tool, supports various audio codecs
  • VLC Media Player - media player (video/audio)
  • RealPlayer - media player
  • Totem - media player (video/audio)
  • Xine - media player, supports various formats; can play DVDs
  • Brasero - CD/DVD burning program
  • K3B - CD/DVD burning program
  • Multimedia Codecs

Programming:

  • KompoZer - WYSIWYG HTML editor, similar to Macromedia Dreamweaver, but not as feature-rich (yet)
  • Bluefish - text editor, suitable for many programming and markup languages
  • Quanta Plus - web development environment, including a WYSIWYG editor

Other:

  • VirtualBox OSE - lets you run your old Windows desktop as a virtual machine under your Linux desktop, so you don't have to entirely abandon Windows
  • TrueType fonts
  • Java
  • Read-/Write support for NTFS partitions

Lots of our desired applications are available in the Ubuntu repositories, and some of these applications have been contributed by the Ubuntu community.

As you might have noticed, a few applications are redundant, for example there are two CD/DVD burning applications in my list (Brasero, K3B). If you know which one you like best, you obviously don't need to install the other applications, however if you like choice, then of course you can install both. The same goes for music players like Amarok, Banshee, Rhythmbox, XMMS or browsers (Firefox, Opera).

I will use the username falko in this tutorial. Please replace it with your own username.

 

2 Installing The Base System

The installation of the base system is easy as 1-2-3 because the Kubuntu installer doesn't offer a lot of options to choose from, so you cannot go wrong.

Download the Kubuntu 10.04 Desktop iso image from http://www.kubuntu.org/getkubuntu, burn it onto a CD, and boot your computer from it. Select your language:

Then choose Try Kubuntu without installing - this boots the Live system so that you can see if Kubuntu works on your hardware. We can then install Kubuntu from the Live system. If you know that your hardware is supported, you can pick Install Kubuntu instead:

After the Live desktop has started, click on the Install Kubuntu 10.04 icon on the desktop to start the installation to the hard drive:

The installer starts. First, select your language:

Then choose your time zone:

Change the keyboard layout, if necessary:

Now we come to the partitioning of our hard disk. Usually Erase and use the entire disk is a good choice, unless you need custom partitions and know what you're doing. Erase and use the entire disk will create one big / partition for us:

Type in your real name, your desired username along with a password, and click on Forward:

The next screen shows us a summary of the installation settings. Click on Install to start the installation:

Afterwards, Kubuntu is being installed. This can take a few minutes, so be patient:

After the installation, you will be asked to reboot the system. Click on Restart Now:

The Live-CD desktop shuts down. At the end, the Kubuntu CD is ejected. Remove it from the CD drive and hit the <ENTER> key to boot into your new Kubuntu desktop:

Your new Kubuntu system starts. Log in to the desktop with the username and password you provided during the installation:

This is how your new desktop looks:

Now the base system is ready to be used.


Please do not use the comment function to ask for help! If you need help, please use our forum.
Comments will be published after administrator approval.
Submitted by NotQuiteAnonymous (not registered) on Fri, 2010-10-08 04:21.
F-Spot is a Gnome app, and Picasa runs through its own version of WINE.  Surely Digikam can do the job of both, and keeps the KDE theme a little stronger?
Submitted by Sofie (not registered) on Sat, 2010-09-25 14:18.
Falko, great job. Everything new installation I'm visiting. It's so helpful. Thx.
Submitted by Laine (not registered) on Sun, 2010-08-01 13:01.

Hello
I am with kde since 7 years now.
Maybe you can help me?

I just switch to Kubuntu Lucid Lynx (10.04) with Firefox 3.6.8 and amule 2.2.6
I added the package amule-gnome-support
as indicated from version 9.10 and higher
the command whereis ed2k:

Nemesia Nemesia @: ~ $ whereis ed2k
ed2k: / usr/bin/ed2k / usr/share/man/man1/ed2k.1.gz
When I click on a link ed2k
He always tells me that the protocol is not associated.
It is true that there is no ed2k to Edit> Preferences> Applications.

I also tried to create the strings and Boolean strings
with''true''values as for older versions, but nothing happens.

thank you in advance if you have a solution for me Kubuntero.

Submitted by Anonymous (not registered) on Wed, 2010-05-26 08:59.

Again, why do you need so many photo management, email, internet-applications? Why do we need several different applications for one task?

Why don't OS developer want to develop existing applications better but always start a new one which will never be complete enough...

Submitted by kaddy (not registered) on Fri, 2010-05-21 13:20.
only problem is that Kubuntu has always been and "WILL" always be a lower than average KDE distribution of Linux... Kde fans are better off using alternate kde distros, such as OpenSuse, Mandriva or my favourite... Arch Linux. Sadly there isn't many good Kde distros out there but I am predicting more distros in the future adopting Kde judging by the handling of Gnome 3 and its short comings and lack of innovation
Submitted by Anonymous (not registered) on Thu, 2010-05-27 10:21.
Suse kde dose get a lot of high praise, but i find ubuntu mixed with kde apps works for me.
Submitted by claydoh (not registered) on Thu, 2010-05-27 00:51.
I would disagree. Kubuntu works darn well for quite a lot of folks, how is it less of a choice than any of the others - in real terms? I personally have had  my issues with Madriva (going all the way back to 2002!) and Arch, but I never would tell someone  to NOT consider either one. If you are going to disparage a distro, maybe some hard facts or even personal experiences would better make your point. 
Submitted by kelp (not registered) on Wed, 2010-05-26 16:47.

Bullshit, Kubuntu has become one of the better KDE distro's out there..

Calling Arch a kde distro only proves you don't know what you're talking about.