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The Perfect Xen 3.1.0 Setup For Debian Etch (i386)
This tutorial provides step-by-step instructions on how to install Xen (version 3.1.0) on a Debian Etch (4.0) system (i386). Xen lets you create guest operating systems (*nix operating systems like Linux and FreeBSD), so called "virtual machines" or domUs, under a host operating system (dom0).
Using Xen you can separate your applications into different virtual
machines that are totally independent from each other (e.g. a virtual
machine for a mail server, a virtual machine for a high-traffic web
site, another virtual machine that serves your customers' web sites, a
virtual machine for DNS, etc.), but still use the same hardware.
Retrieving Emails From Remote Servers With fetchmail (Debian Etch)
Fetchmail is a program for retrieving emails from remote servers. Imagine you have five email accounts on five different servers. Of course, you don't want to connect to each of them to get your emails. This is where fetchmail comes into play. If you have a user account on a Linux server, you can make fetchmail download emails from remote servers and put them into just one mailbox (the one of your Linux user), from where you can retrieve them with your email client (e.g. Thunderbird or Outlook).
Apache: Creating A Session-Aware Loadbalancer Using mod_proxy_balancer (Debian Etch)
Since Apache 2.1, a new module called mod_proxy_balancer is available which lets you turn a system that has Apache installed into a loadbalancer. This loadbalancer retrieves requested pages from two or more backend webservers and delivers them to the user's computer. Users get the impression that they deal with just one server (the loadbalancer) when in fact there are multiple systems behind the loadbalancer that process the users' requests. By using a loadbalancer, you can lower the load average on your webservers. One important feature of mod_proxy_balancer is that it can keep track of sessions which means that a single user always deals with the same backend webserver. Most websites are database-driven nowadays with user logins etc., and you'd get weird results if a user logs in on one backend webserver, and then his next request goes to another backend webserver, meaning he'd get logged out again. You can avoid this by using mod_proxy_balancer's session-awareness.
Using Ruby On Rails With Apache2 On Debian Etch
This article shows how you can install Ruby on Rails (RoR) and integrate it in Apache2 on a Debian Etch system (including a short section at the end showing how to use RoR in a web site created with ISPConfig). Ruby on Rails is a web application framework which is rapidly gaining popularity among web programmers. It aims to increase the speed and ease with which database-driven web sites can be created and offers skeleton code frameworks (scaffolding) from the outset. Applications using the RoR framework are developed using the Model-View-Controller design pattern.
Running ISPConfig On Port 80 Using Apache's Reverse Proxy Feature (Debian Etch)
This article shows how you can configure a Debian Etch system that has the webhosting control panel ISPConfig installed so that ISPConfig can be accessed on port 80. By default ISPConfig uses port 81 which is a non-standard port and is blocked by some firewalls and ISPs. By using Apache's mod_proxy module, we can avoid this problem. It lets us create a reverse proxy that can fetch the pages from ISPConfig on port 81.
Server Monitoring With munin And monit On Debian Etch
In this article I will describe how you can monitor your Debian Etch server with munin and monit. munin produces nifty little graphics about nearly every aspect of your server (load average, memory usage, CPU usage, MySQL throughput, eth0 traffic, etc.) without much configuration, whereas monit checks the availability of services like Apache, MySQL, Postfix and takes the appropriate action such as a restart if it finds a service is not behaving as expected. The combination of the two gives you full monitoring: graphics that let you recognize current or upcoming problems (like "We need a bigger server soon, our load average is increasing rapidly."), and a watchdog that ensures the availability of the monitored services.
Virtual Hosting With PureFTPd And MySQL (Incl. Quota And Bandwidth Management) On Debian Etch
This document describes how to install a PureFTPd server that uses virtual users from a MySQL database instead of real system users. This is much more performant and allows to have thousands of ftp users on a single machine. In addition to that I will show the use of quota and upload/download bandwidth limits with this setup. Passwords will be stored encrypted as MD5 strings in the database.
Debian Etch And Xen From The Debian Repository
This how-to provides step-by-step instructions on how to install Xen on an already working Debian Etch system. You can find all the software used here in the Etch repository, so no external files or compilation are needed.
Preventing Brute Force Attacks With Fail2ban On Debian Etch
In this article I will show how to install and configure fail2ban on a Debian Etch system. Fail2ban is a tool that observes login attempts to various services, e.g. SSH, FTP, SMTP, Apache, etc., and if it finds failed login attempts again and again from the same IP address or host, fail2ban stops further login attempts from that IP address/host by blocking it with an iptables firewall rule.
The Perfect Desktop - Debian Etch (Debian 4.0)
With the release of Microsoft's new Windows operating system (Vista), more and more people are looking for alternatives to Windows for various reasons. In this tutorial I will show people who are willing to switch to Linux how they can set up a Linux desktop (Debian Etch in this article) that fully replaces their Windows desktop, i.e. that has all software that people need to do the things they do on their Windows desktops. The advantages are clear: you get a secure system without DRM restrictions that runs also on older hardware, and the best thing is: all software comes free of charge.
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