Setting Up An Android App Build Environment With Eclipse, Android SDK, PhoneGap (Debian Squeeze) - Page 4

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Submitted by falko (Contact Author) (Forums) on Thu, 2011-03-03 17:51. ::

7 Creating An Android App

To build my Android app (which I call TweetMe) from its HTML, CSS, and JavaScript sources, I create a folder called tweetme in my home directory, and in that tweetme folder I place another folder called tweetme wich contains the sources (HTML, CSS, JavaScript):

HOME
    |
    |
    + tweetme
             |
             |
             +tweetme
                     |
                     |
                     SOURCES (HTML, CSS, JavaScript)

Go to ~/tweetme/tweetme/:

cd ~/tweetme/tweetme/

You should see the HTML, CSS, JavaScript sources in that directory:

ls -l

falko@debian:~/tweetme/tweetme$ ls -l
total 100
-rw-r--r-- 1 falko falko  4233 Jan 24 00:20 index.html
drwxr-xr-x 2 falko falko  4096 Mar  2 15:18 jqtouch
-rw-r--r-- 1 falko falko 78601 Jan 23 23:15 jquery.js
drwxr-xr-x 4 falko falko  4096 Mar  2 15:18 themes
falko@debian:~/tweetme/tweetme$

Now we can create an app either from the command line or by using Eclipse:

 

7.1 Creating An Android App From The Command Line

In the ~/tweetme/tweetme/ directory, run:

droidgap create

(If you get the error message droidgap: command not found, please run

export PATH="$HOME/android-sdk-linux_x86/tools:$HOME/android-sdk-linux_x86/platform-tools:$HOME/phonegap-phonegap-android/bin:$PATH"

and try again. )

This will create the directory ~/tweetme/tweetme_android which contains everything we need to build our final app from it. The ~/tweetme/tweetme_android/assets/www/ directory contains our HTML, CSS, JavaScript sources plus the phonegap.0.9.4.js file.

cd ../tweetme_android/

ls -l

falko@debian:~/tweetme/tweetme_android$ ls -l
total 44
-rw-r--r-- 1 falko falko 2000 Mar  2 15:21 AndroidManifest.xml
drwxr-xr-x 3 falko falko 4096 Mar  2 15:21 assets
drwxr-xr-x 2 falko falko 4096 Mar  2 15:21 bin
-rw-r--r-- 1 falko falko  696 Mar  2 15:21 build.properties
-rw-r--r-- 1 falko falko 2891 Mar  2 15:21 build.xml
-rw-r--r-- 1 falko falko  363 Mar  2 15:21 default.properties
drwxr-xr-x 2 falko falko 4096 Mar  2 15:21 libs
-rw-r--r-- 1 falko falko  425 Mar  2 15:21 local.properties
-rw-r--r-- 1 falko falko 1159 Mar  2 15:21 proguard.cfg
drwxr-xr-x 7 falko falko 4096 Mar  2 15:21 res
drwxr-xr-x 3 falko falko 4096 Mar  2 15:21 src
falko@debian:~/tweetme/tweetme_android$

ls -l assets/www/

falko@debian:~/tweetme/tweetme_android$ ls -l assets/www/
total 212
-rw-r--r-- 1 falko falko   4233 Mar  2 15:21 index.html
drwxr-xr-x 2 falko falko   4096 Mar  2 15:21 jqtouch
-rw-r--r-- 1 falko falko  78601 Mar  2 15:21 jquery.js
-rw-r--r-- 1 falko falko 107394 Mar  2 15:21 phonegap.0.9.4.js
drwxr-xr-x 4 falko falko   4096 Mar  2 15:21 themes
falko@debian:~/tweetme/tweetme_android$

The libs/ directory contains the file phonegap.0.9.4.jar:

ls -l libs/

falko@debian:~/tweetme/tweetme_android$ ls -l libs/
total 128
-rw-r--r-- 1 falko falko 122991 Mar  2 15:21 phonegap.0.9.4.jar
falko@debian:~/tweetme/tweetme_android$

Now we must edit the index.html file in the assets/www/ folder and add the phonegap.0.9.4.js file to the <head></head> section (before all other JavaScript files/JavaScript code).

gedit assets/www/index.html

Lets assume the file starts as follows:

<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/html4/loose.dtd">

<html>
  <head>
    <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=UTF-8">
    <title>Tweetme</title>

    <!-- include JQuery through Google API => Always have the latest version -->
    <script type="text/javascript" src="http://www.google.com/jsapi"></script>
    <script type="text/javascript"> google.load("jquery", "1.3.2"); </script>

    <!-- import JQTouch -->
    <script src="jqtouch/jqtouch.min.js" type="application/x-javascript" charset="utf-8"></script>

    <!-- Import JQTouch default style (iPhone look).
       Replace the string "themes/apple" with "themes/jq" for a non-iPhone theme -->
    <link type="text/css" rel="stylesheet" media="screen" href="jqtouch/jqtouch.css">
    <link type="text/css" rel="stylesheet" media="screen" href="themes/apple/theme.css">
[...]

Add the line <script type="text/javascript" charset="utf-8" src="phonegap.0.9.4.js"></script> before all other JavaScript so that it looks as follows:

<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/html4/loose.dtd">

<html>
  <head>
    <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=UTF-8">
    <title>Tweetme</title>
    <script type="text/javascript" charset="utf-8" src="phonegap.0.9.4.js"></script>
    <!-- include JQuery through Google API => Always have the latest version -->
    <script type="text/javascript" src="http://www.google.com/jsapi"></script>
    <script type="text/javascript"> google.load("jquery", "1.3.2"); </script>

    <!-- import JQTouch -->
    <script src="jqtouch/jqtouch.min.js" type="application/x-javascript" charset="utf-8"></script>

    <!-- Import JQTouch default style (iPhone look).
       Replace the string "themes/apple" with "themes/jq" for a non-iPhone theme -->
    <link type="text/css" rel="stylesheet" media="screen" href="jqtouch/jqtouch.css">
    <link type="text/css" rel="stylesheet" media="screen" href="themes/apple/theme.css">
[...]

Now, still in the ~/tweetme/tweetme_android directory, we can finally build our app:

ant debug

It should say BUILD SUCCESSFUL at the end:

...
-package-debug-sign:
[apkbuilder] Creating tweetme-debug-unaligned.apk and signing it with a debug key...

debug:
     [echo] Running zip align on final apk...
     [echo] Debug Package: /home/falko/tweetme/tweetme_android/bin/tweetme-debug.apk

BUILD SUCCESSFUL
Total time: 33 seconds
falko@debian:~/tweetme/tweetme_android$

You can now find your app in the bin/ directory (called tweetme-debug.apk; apk is the extension for Android apps):

cd bin/
ls -l

falko@debian:~/tweetme/tweetme_android/bin$ ls -l
total 776
drwxr-xr-x 3 falko falko   4096 Mar  2 15:39 classes
-rw-r--r-- 1 falko falko 137832 Mar  2 15:39 classes.dex
-rw-r--r-- 1 falko falko 166151 Mar  2 15:39 tweetme.ap_
-rw-r--r-- 1 falko falko 231533 Mar  2 15:40 tweetme-debug.apk
-rw-r--r-- 1 falko falko 231479 Mar  2 15:40 tweetme-debug-unaligned.apk
falko@debian:~/tweetme/tweetme_android/bin$

To install it to the first running emulator, we can run

adb -e install -r tweetme-debug.apk

falko@debian:~/tweetme/tweetme_android/bin$ adb -e install -r tweetme-debug.apk
571 KB/s (231533 bytes in 0.395s)
        pkg: /data/local/tmp/tweetme-debug.apk
Success
falko@debian:~/tweetme/tweetme_android/bin$

(Instead of running ant debug first and then adb -e install -r tweetme-debug.apk from the bin/ directory to install the app, we could have run

ant debug install

which would have built and afterwards installed the app in one go.)

Now go to your emulator, and you should find the new app listed among the other apps:

This is what the app looks like:


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Submitted by GeorgeGW (not registered) on Sat, 2011-06-04 23:12.

falko@debian:~/tweetme/tweetme$ ls -l
total 100
-rw-r--r-- 1 falko falko  4233 Jan 24 00:20 index.html
drwxr-xr-x 2 falko falko  4096 Mar  2 15:18 jqtouch
-rw-r--r-- 1 falko falko 78601 Jan 23 23:15 jquery.js
drwxr-xr-x 4 falko falko  4096 Mar  2 15:18 themes
falko@debian:~/tweetme/tweetme$

 Unclear from your document above.