The Perfect Server - Ubuntu 13.04 (Apache2, BIND, Dovecot, ISPConfig 3) - Page 6

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Submitted by falko (Contact Author) (Forums) on Fri, 2013-04-26 16:23. ::

21 Install SquirrelMail

To install the SquirrelMail webmail client, run

apt-get install squirrelmail

Then configure SquirrelMail:

squirrelmail-configure

We must tell SquirrelMail that we are using Dovecot-IMAP/-POP3:

SquirrelMail Configuration : Read: config.php (1.4.0)
---------------------------------------------------------
Main Menu --
1.  Organization Preferences
2.  Server Settings
3.  Folder Defaults
4.  General Options
5.  Themes
6.  Address Books
7.  Message of the Day (MOTD)
8.  Plugins
9.  Database
10. Languages

D.  Set pre-defined settings for specific IMAP servers

C   Turn color on
S   Save data
Q   Quit

Command >>
 <-- D


SquirrelMail Configuration : Read: config.php
---------------------------------------------------------
While we have been building SquirrelMail, we have discovered some
preferences that work better with some servers that don't work so
well with others.  If you select your IMAP server, this option will
set some pre-defined settings for that server.

Please note that you will still need to go through and make sure
everything is correct.  This does not change everything.  There are
only a few settings that this will change.

Please select your IMAP server:
    bincimap    = Binc IMAP server
    courier     = Courier IMAP server
    cyrus       = Cyrus IMAP server
    dovecot     = Dovecot Secure IMAP server
    exchange    = Microsoft Exchange IMAP server
    hmailserver = hMailServer
    macosx      = Mac OS X Mailserver
    mercury32   = Mercury/32
    uw          = University of Washington's IMAP server
    gmail       = IMAP access to Google mail (Gmail) accounts

    quit        = Do not change anything
Command >>
 <-- dovecot


SquirrelMail Configuration : Read: config.php
---------------------------------------------------------
While we have been building SquirrelMail, we have discovered some
preferences that work better with some servers that don't work so
well with others.  If you select your IMAP server, this option will
set some pre-defined settings for that server.

Please note that you will still need to go through and make sure
everything is correct.  This does not change everything.  There are
only a few settings that this will change.

Please select your IMAP server:
    bincimap    = Binc IMAP server
    courier     = Courier IMAP server
    cyrus       = Cyrus IMAP server
    dovecot     = Dovecot Secure IMAP server
    exchange    = Microsoft Exchange IMAP server
    hmailserver = hMailServer
    macosx      = Mac OS X Mailserver
    mercury32   = Mercury/32
    uw          = University of Washington's IMAP server
    gmail       = IMAP access to Google mail (Gmail) accounts

    quit        = Do not change anything
Command >> dovecot

              imap_server_type = dovecot
         default_folder_prefix = <none>
                  trash_folder = Trash
                   sent_folder = Sent
                  draft_folder = Drafts
            show_prefix_option = false
          default_sub_of_inbox = false
show_contain_subfolders_option = false
            optional_delimiter = detect
                 delete_folder = false

Press any key to continue...
 <-- press a key


SquirrelMail Configuration : Read: config.php (1.4.0)
---------------------------------------------------------
Main Menu --
1.  Organization Preferences
2.  Server Settings
3.  Folder Defaults
4.  General Options
5.  Themes
6.  Address Books
7.  Message of the Day (MOTD)
8.  Plugins
9.  Database
10. Languages

D.  Set pre-defined settings for specific IMAP servers

C   Turn color on
S   Save data
Q   Quit

Command >>
 <-- S


SquirrelMail Configuration : Read: config.php (1.4.0)
---------------------------------------------------------
Main Menu --
1.  Organization Preferences
2.  Server Settings
3.  Folder Defaults
4.  General Options
5.  Themes
6.  Address Books
7.  Message of the Day (MOTD)
8.  Plugins
9.  Database
10. Languages

D.  Set pre-defined settings for specific IMAP servers

C   Turn color on
S   Save data
Q   Quit

Command >>
 <-- Q

Now we will configure SquirrelMail so that you can use it from within your web sites (created through ISPConfig) by using the /squirrelmail or /webmail aliases. So if your website is www.example.com, you will be able to access SquirrelMail using www.example.com/squirrelmail or www.example.com/webmail.

SquirrelMail's Apache configuration is in the file /etc/squirrelmail/apache.conf, but this file isn't loaded by Apache because it is not in the /etc/apache2/conf.d/ directory. Therefore we create a symlink called squirrelmail.conf in the /etc/apache2/conf.d/ directory that points to /etc/squirrelmail/apache.conf and reload Apache afterwards:

cd /etc/apache2/conf.d/
ln -s ../../squirrelmail/apache.conf squirrelmail.conf
/etc/init.d/apache2 reload

Now open /etc/apache2/conf.d/squirrelmail.conf...

vi /etc/apache2/conf.d/squirrelmail.conf

... and add the following lines to the <Directory /usr/share/squirrelmail></Directory> container that make sure that mod_php is used for accessing SquirrelMail, regardless of what PHP mode you select for your website in ISPConfig:

[...]
<Directory /usr/share/squirrelmail>
  Options FollowSymLinks
  <IfModule mod_php5.c>
    AddType application/x-httpd-php .php
    php_flag magic_quotes_gpc Off
    php_flag track_vars On
    php_admin_flag allow_url_fopen Off
    php_value include_path .
    php_admin_value upload_tmp_dir /var/lib/squirrelmail/tmp
    php_admin_value open_basedir /usr/share/squirrelmail:/etc/squirrelmail:/var/lib/squirrelmail:/etc/hostname:/etc/mailname
    php_flag register_globals off
  </IfModule>
  <IfModule mod_dir.c>
    DirectoryIndex index.php
  </IfModule>

  # access to configtest is limited by default to prevent information leak
  <Files configtest.php>
    order deny,allow
    deny from all
    allow from 127.0.0.1
  </Files>
</Directory>
[...]

Create the directory /var/lib/squirrelmail/tmp...

mkdir /var/lib/squirrelmail/tmp

... and make it owned by the user www-data:

chown www-data /var/lib/squirrelmail/tmp

Reload Apache again:

/etc/init.d/apache2 reload

That's it already - /etc/apache2/conf.d/squirrelmail.conf defines an alias called /squirrelmail that points to SquirrelMail's installation directory /usr/share/squirrelmail.

You can now access SquirrelMail from your web site as follows:

http://192.168.0.100/squirrelmail
http://www.example.com/squirrelmail

You can also access it from the ISPConfig control panel vhost (after you have installed ISPConfig, see the next chapter) as follows (this doesn't need any configuration in ISPConfig):

http://server1.example.com:8080/squirrelmail

If you'd like to use the alias /webmail instead of /squirrelmail, simply open /etc/apache2/conf.d/squirrelmail.conf...

vi /etc/apache2/conf.d/squirrelmail.conf

... and add the line Alias /webmail /usr/share/squirrelmail:

Alias /squirrelmail /usr/share/squirrelmail
Alias /webmail /usr/share/squirrelmail
[...]

Then reload Apache:

/etc/init.d/apache2 reload

Now you can access Squirrelmail as follows:

http://192.168.0.100/webmail
http://www.example.com/webmail
http://server1.example.com:8080/webmail
(after you have installed ISPConfig, see the next chapter)

If you'd like to define a vhost like webmail.example.com where your users can access SquirrelMail, you'd have to add the following vhost configuration to /etc/apache2/conf.d/squirrelmail.conf:

vi /etc/apache2/conf.d/squirrelmail.conf

[...]
<VirtualHost 1.2.3.4:80>
  DocumentRoot /usr/share/squirrelmail
  ServerName webmail.example.com
</VirtualHost>

Make sure you replace 1.2.3.4 with the correct IP address of your server. Of course, there must be a DNS record for webmail.example.com that points to the IP address that you use in the vhost configuration. Also make sure that the vhost webmail.example.com does not exist in ISPConfig (otherwise both vhosts will interfere with each other!).

Now reload Apache...

/etc/init.d/apache2 reload

... and you can access SquirrelMail under http://webmail.example.com!

 

22 Install ISPConfig 3

To install ISPConfig 3 from the latest released version, do this:

cd /tmp
wget http://www.ispconfig.org/downloads/ISPConfig-3-stable.tar.gz
tar xfz ISPConfig-3-stable.tar.gz
cd ispconfig3_install/install/

The next step is to run

php -q install.php

This will start the ISPConfig 3 installer. The installer will configure all services like Postfix, Dovecot, etc. for you. A manual setup as required for ISPConfig 2 (perfect setup guides) is not necessary.

root@server1:/tmp/ispconfig3_install/install# php -q install.php


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 _____ ___________   _____              __ _         ____
|_   _/  ___| ___ \ /  __ \            / _(_)       /__  \
  | | \ `--.| |_/ / | /  \/ ___  _ __ | |_ _  __ _    _/ /
  | |  `--. \  __/  | |    / _ \| '_ \|  _| |/ _` |  |_ |
 _| |_/\__/ / |     | \__/\ (_) | | | | | | | (_| | ___\ \
 \___/\____/\_|      \____/\___/|_| |_|_| |_|\__, | \____/
                                              __/ |
                                             |___/
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------


>> Initial configuration

Operating System: 13.04 UNKNOWN

    Following will be a few questions for primary configuration so be careful.
    Default values are in [brackets] and can be accepted with <ENTER>.
    Tap in "quit" (without the quotes) to stop the installer.


Select language (en,de) [en]:
 <-- ENTER

Installation mode (standard,expert) [standard]: <-- ENTER

Full qualified hostname (FQDN) of the server, eg server1.domain.tld  [server1.example.com]: <-- ENTER

MySQL server hostname [localhost]: <-- ENTER

MySQL root username [root]: <-- ENTER

MySQL root password []: <-- yourrootsqlpassword

MySQL database to create [dbispconfig]: <-- ENTER

MySQL charset [utf8]: <-- ENTER

Generating a 4096 bit RSA private key
............................................................................++
.....................++
writing new private key to 'smtpd.key'
-----
You are about to be asked to enter information that will be incorporated
into your certificate request.
What you are about to enter is what is called a Distinguished Name or a DN.
There are quite a few fields but you can leave some blank
For some fields there will be a default value,
If you enter '.', the field will be left blank.
-----
Country Name (2 letter code) [AU]: 
<-- ENTER
State or Province Name (full name) [Some-State]: <-- ENTER
Locality Name (eg, city) []: <-- ENTER
Organization Name (eg, company) [Internet Widgits Pty Ltd]: <-- ENTER
Organizational Unit Name (eg, section) []: <-- ENTER
Common Name (e.g. server FQDN or YOUR name) []: <-- ENTER
Email Address []: <-- ENTER
Configuring Jailkit
Configuring Dovecot
Configuring Spamassassin
Configuring Amavisd
Configuring Getmail
Configuring Pureftpd
Configuring BIND
Configuring Apache
Configuring Vlogger
Configuring Apps vhost
Configuring Bastille Firewall
Configuring Fail2ban
Installing ISPConfig
ISPConfig Port [8080]:
 <-- ENTER

Do you want a secure (SSL) connection to the ISPConfig web interface (y,n) [y]: <-- ENTER

Generating RSA private key, 4096 bit long modulus
..........++
......++
e is 65537 (0x10001)
You are about to be asked to enter information that will be incorporated
into your certificate request.
What you are about to enter is what is called a Distinguished Name or a DN.
There are quite a few fields but you can leave some blank
For some fields there will be a default value,
If you enter '.', the field will be left blank.
-----
Country Name (2 letter code) [AU]:
 <-- ENTER
State or Province Name (full name) [Some-State]: <-- ENTER
Locality Name (eg, city) []: <-- ENTER
Organization Name (eg, company) [Internet Widgits Pty Ltd]: <-- ENTER
Organizational Unit Name (eg, section) []: <-- ENTER
Common Name (e.g. server FQDN or YOUR name) []: <-- ENTER
Email Address []: <-- ENTER

Please enter the following 'extra' attributes
to be sent with your certificate request
A challenge password []:
 <-- ENTER
An optional company name []: <-- ENTER
writing RSA key
Configuring DBServer
Installing ISPConfig crontab
no crontab for root
no crontab for getmail
Restarting services ...
Rather than invoking init scripts through /etc/init.d, use the service(8)
utility, e.g. service mysql restart

Since the script you are attempting to invoke has been converted to an
Upstart job, you may also use the stop(8) and then start(8) utilities,
e.g. stop mysql ; start mysql. The restart(8) utility is also available.
mysql stop/waiting
mysql start/running, process 2817
 * Stopping Postfix Mail Transport Agent postfix
/usr/sbin/postconf: warning: /etc/postfix/main.cf: undefined parameter: virtual_mailbox_limit_maps
   ...done.
 * Starting Postfix Mail Transport Agent postfix
postconf: warning: /etc/postfix/main.cf: undefined parameter: virtual_mailbox_limit_maps
postconf: warning: /etc/postfix/main.cf: undefined parameter: virtual_mailbox_limit_maps
postconf: warning: /etc/postfix/main.cf: undefined parameter: virtual_mailbox_limit_maps
postconf: warning: /etc/postfix/main.cf: undefined parameter: virtual_mailbox_limit_maps
postconf: warning: /etc/postfix/main.cf: undefined parameter: virtual_mailbox_limit_maps
postconf: warning: /etc/postfix/main.cf: undefined parameter: virtual_mailbox_limit_maps
/usr/sbin/postconf: warning: /etc/postfix/main.cf: undefined parameter: virtual_mailbox_limit_maps
/usr/sbin/postconf: warning: /etc/postfix/main.cf: undefined parameter: virtual_mailbox_limit_maps
/usr/sbin/postconf: warning: /etc/postfix/main.cf: undefined parameter: virtual_mailbox_limit_maps
/usr/sbin/postconf: warning: /etc/postfix/main.cf: undefined parameter: virtual_mailbox_limit_maps
/usr/sbin/postconf: warning: /etc/postfix/main.cf: undefined parameter: virtual_mailbox_limit_maps
/usr/sbin/postconf: warning: /etc/postfix/main.cf: undefined parameter: virtual_mailbox_limit_maps
/usr/sbin/postconf: warning: /etc/postfix/main.cf: undefined parameter: virtual_mailbox_limit_maps
/usr/sbin/postconf: warning: /etc/postfix/main.cf: undefined parameter: virtual_mailbox_limit_maps
/usr/sbin/postconf: warning: /etc/postfix/main.cf: undefined parameter: virtual_mailbox_limit_maps
/usr/sbin/postconf: warning: /etc/postfix/main.cf: undefined parameter: virtual_mailbox_limit_maps
/usr/sbin/postconf: warning: /etc/postfix/main.cf: undefined parameter: virtual_mailbox_limit_maps
/usr/sbin/postconf: warning: /etc/postfix/main.cf: undefined parameter: virtual_mailbox_limit_maps
/usr/sbin/postconf: warning: /etc/postfix/main.cf: undefined parameter: virtual_mailbox_limit_maps
/usr/sbin/postconf: warning: /etc/postfix/main.cf: undefined parameter: virtual_mailbox_limit_maps
/usr/sbin/postconf: warning: /etc/postfix/main.cf: undefined parameter: virtual_mailbox_limit_maps
/usr/sbin/postconf: warning: /etc/postfix/main.cf: undefined parameter: virtual_mailbox_limit_maps
   ...done.
Stopping amavisd: amavisd-new.
Starting amavisd: amavisd-new.
 * Stopping ClamAV daemon clamd
   ...done.
 * Starting ClamAV daemon clamd
   ...done.
Rather than invoking init scripts through /etc/init.d, use the service(8)
utility, e.g. service dovecot restart

Since the script you are attempting to invoke has been converted to an
Upstart job, you may also use the stop(8) and then start(8) utilities,
e.g. stop dovecot ; start dovecot. The restart(8) utility is also available.
dovecot stop/waiting
dovecot start/running, process 3962
 * Restarting web server apache2
[Fri Apr 26 00:55:00 2013] [warn] NameVirtualHost *:443 has no VirtualHosts
[Fri Apr 26 00:55:00 2013] [warn] NameVirtualHost *:80 has no VirtualHosts
[Fri Apr 26 00:55:01 2013] [warn] NameVirtualHost *:443 has no VirtualHosts
[Fri Apr 26 00:55:01 2013] [warn] NameVirtualHost *:80 has no VirtualHosts
 ... waiting    ...done.
Restarting ftp server: Running: /usr/sbin/pure-ftpd-mysql-virtualchroot -l mysql:/etc/pure-ftpd/db/mysql.conf -l pam -A -b -u 1000 -D -H -Y 1 -E -8 UTF-8 -O clf:/var/log/pure-ftpd/transfer.log -B
Installation completed.
root@server1:/tmp/ispconfig3_install/install#

The installer automatically configures all underlying services, so no manual configuration is needed.

You now also have the possibility to let the installer create an SSL vhost for the ISPConfig control panel, so that ISPConfig can be accessed using https:// instead of http://. To achieve this, just press ENTER when you see this question: Do you want a secure (SSL) connection to the ISPConfig web interface (y,n) [y]:.

Afterwards you can access ISPConfig 3 under http(s)://server1.example.com:8080/ or http(s)://192.168.0.100:8080/ ( http or https depends on what you chose during installation). Log in with the username admin and the password admin (you should change the default password after your first login):

The system is now ready to be used.

 

 

23 Additional Notes

23.1 OpenVZ

If the Ubuntu server that you've just set up in this tutorial is an OpenVZ container (virtual machine), you should do this on the host system (I'm assuming that the ID of the OpenVZ container is 101 - replace it with the correct VPSID on your system):

VPSID=101
for CAP in CHOWN DAC_READ_SEARCH SETGID SETUID NET_BIND_SERVICE NET_ADMIN SYS_CHROOT SYS_NICE CHOWN DAC_READ_SEARCH SETGID SETUID NET_BIND_SERVICE NET_ADMIN SYS_CHROOT SYS_NICE
do
  vzctl set $VPSID --capability ${CAP}:on --save
done

 

24 Links


Please do not use the comment function to ask for help! If you need help, please use our forum.
Comments will be published after administrator approval.
Submitted by ryal001 (registered user) on Tue, 2013-10-22 15:37.

There seems to be a typo in /etc/postfix/main.cf.  If you edit this file you'll see the following on about line 60:

proxy_read_maps = $local_recipient_maps $mydestination $virtual_alias_maps $virtual_alias_domains $virtual_mailbox_maps $virtual_mailbox_domains $relay_recipient_maps $relay_domains $canonical_maps $sender_canonical_maps $recipient_canonical_maps $relocated_maps $transport_maps $mynetworks $virtual_mailbox_limit_maps

There is an extra word "limit" in "$virtual_mailbox_limit_maps".  Change this to "$virtual_mailbox_maps":

proxy_read_maps = $local_recipient_maps $mydestination $virtual_alias_maps $virtual_alias_domains $virtual_mailbox_maps $virtual_mailbox_domains $relay_recipient_maps $relay_domains $canonical_maps $sender_canonical_maps $recipient_canonical_maps $relocated_maps $transport_maps $mynetworks $virtual_mailbox_maps

Then restart Postfix:

/etc/init.d/postfix restart

Submitted by Tweexter (not registered) on Mon, 2013-10-14 00:16.

I seem to be stuck at in the SquirrelMail section regarding the additions to the squirrelmail.conf file.  

 Whenever i try to start apache2 I get an error "AddType requires at least two arguments, a mime type followed by one or more file extensions".  

To make sure I got it right I straight up copy and pasted the code from the guide to my Putty window and compared it visually.  

 

Submitted by Tweexter (not registered) on Mon, 2013-10-14 18:35.
Disregard, it was my own stupid mistake.  Somehow had the same AddType line at the top of the file, with no space before .php.  The entire line wasn't even supposed to be there, and I'm not even sure how it got there either.  Thanks for the great write up.  Can't wait to play with this a bit.  
Submitted by Kenny (not registered) on Sun, 2013-09-22 21:16.
Here is the output I got:
 

 ubuntu@ip-10-0-0-226:/tmp/ispconfig3_install/install$ sudo quotacheck -avugm

sudo: unable to resolve host ip-10-0-0-226

quotacheck: Scanning /dev/disk/by-label/cloudimg-rootfs [/] done

quotacheck: Checked 11946 directories and 151360 files

ubuntu@ip-10-0-0-226:/tmp/ispconfig3_install/install$ sudo quotaon -avug

sudo: unable to resolve host ip-10-0-0-226

quotaon: using //quota.group on /dev/disk/by-label/cloudimg-rootfs [/]: No such process

quotaon: Quota format not supported in kernel.

quotaon: using //quota.user on /dev/disk/by-label/cloudimg-rootfs [/]: No such process

quotaon: Quota format not supported in kernel.

ubuntu@ip-10-0-0-226:/tmp/ispconfig3_install/install$

 
Using Ubuntu 13.04 in Amazon EC2.  Worked fine in Debian Wheezy in EC2.  Do I need to do something with my fstab?  Debian takes up less space and uses less memory anyway, so I think I'm just going to use Debian.  I just wanted to try both.
Submitted by jonimane (registered user) on Tue, 2014-01-07 05:28.
Submitted by Anonymous (not registered) on Sun, 2013-06-30 06:10.

I followed this guide to the letter, twice, as I've followed several of these guides for older versions of Ubuntu and also using Nginx. They never fully work out for me.

This time whenever I went to my site, either through my domain name or through its LAN IP, all that would ever come up was SquirrelMail, which wouldn't even let me log in this time. ISPConfig3 would never come up, either, and I was at least able to get that up and running through past versions of this guide, both with Apache and Nginx. PHPMyAdmin worked.

I always enjoy the learning experience, though, despite the disappointment.

Submitted by Anonymous (not registered) on Wed, 2013-07-24 00:21.

I got the same issue, by removing this part below on page 6, I was able to get ISPConfig working on https not http, but I'm not able to log in to SquirrelMail !!!

[...]
<VirtualHost 1.2.3.4:80>
  DocumentRoot /usr/share/squirrelmail
  ServerName webmail.example.com
</VirtualHost>
Submitted by Anonymous (not registered) on Sat, 2013-05-11 20:30.

Yes,  as mentioned prior, thanks for this very detailed and very complete tutorial (actually a tour-de-force) on installing the ISPConfig software.

Along the way, many questions were answered as to 'what was what'....

I ordered/downloaded the manual. 

I probably will not do anything that makes the server become a 'public' site (it's really a VM).

The most I might to is have the server join a Win2003 domain or create what appear to be virtual sites in the Apache server (almost sound like IIS' virtual sites).

Again, Many Thanks for doing this.  A real help!!

 

 

Submitted by sant3001 (not registered) on Fri, 2013-05-03 20:04.

Thanks for this wonderful tutorial. I believe the only thing missing here is cURL for PHP. When you open ISPConfig and go to ASP Installer it tells you that you don't have the PHP cURL extension.

I fixed it using this command:

sudo apt-get install curl libcurl3 libcurl3-dev php5-curl

And then I just restarted apache:

service apache2 restart
Submitted by SkiOne (not registered) on Fri, 2013-05-10 17:56.

The FCGI wrapper being installed is not supported by default in ubuntu 13.04 and the syntax used by the conf file doesn't match. If you get a client denied by server configuration install this:

 apt-get install libapache2-mod-fcgid

And the restart apache