The Perfect Server - Mandriva 2010.1 (Spring) Free (x86_64) [ISPConfig 2] - Page 5

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Submitted by falko (Contact Author) (Forums) on Thu, 2010-07-15 16:45. ::

10 MySQL 5

To install MySQL 5, we simply run:

urpmi MySQL MySQL-client lib64mysql-devel

By default, networking is not enabled in Mandriva 2010.1's MySQL package, but networking is required by ISPConfig. We can change this by commenting out the line skip-networking in /etc/my.cnf.

vi /etc/my.cnf

[...]
# Don't listen on a TCP/IP port at all. This can be a security enhancement,
# if all processes that need to connect to mysqld run on the same host.
# All interaction with mysqld must be made via Unix sockets or named pipes.
# Note that using this option without enabling named pipes on Windows
# (via the "enable-named-pipe" option) will render mysqld useless!
#
#skip-networking
[...]

Afterwards, we create the system startup links for MySQL...

chkconfig mysqld on

... and start it:

/etc/init.d/mysqld start

Now check that networking is enabled. Run

netstat -tap | grep mysql

The output should look like this:

[root@server1 var]# netstat -tap | grep mysql
tcp        0      0 *:mysql                     *:*                         LISTEN      2540/mysqld
[root@server1 var]#

Next, run

mysql_secure_installation

to set a password for the user root (otherwise anybody can access your MySQL database!).

[root@server1 var]# mysql_secure_installation




NOTE: RUNNING ALL PARTS OF THIS SCRIPT IS RECOMMENDED FOR ALL MySQL
      SERVERS IN PRODUCTION USE!  PLEASE READ EACH STEP CAREFULLY!


In order to log into MySQL to secure it, we'll need the current
password for the root user.  If you've just installed MySQL, and
you haven't set the root password yet, the password will be blank,
so you should just press enter here.

Enter current password for root (enter for none):
 <-- ENTER
OK, successfully used password, moving on...

Setting the root password ensures that nobody can log into the MySQL
root user without the proper authorisation.

Set root password? [Y/n]
 <-- ENTER
New password: <-- yourrootsqlpassword
Re-enter new password: <-- yourrootsqlpassword
Password updated successfully!
Reloading privilege tables..
 ... Success!


By default, a MySQL installation has an anonymous user, allowing anyone
to log into MySQL without having to have a user account created for
them.  This is intended only for testing, and to make the installation
go a bit smoother.  You should remove them before moving into a
production environment.

Remove anonymous users? [Y/n]
 <-- ENTER
 ... Success!

Normally, root should only be allowed to connect from 'localhost'.  This
ensures that someone cannot guess at the root password from the network.

Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n]
 <-- ENTER
 ... Success!

By default, MySQL comes with a database named 'test' that anyone can
access.  This is also intended only for testing, and should be removed
before moving into a production environment.

Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n]
 <-- ENTER
 - Dropping test database...
 ... Success!
 - Removing privileges on test database...
 ... Success!

Reloading the privilege tables will ensure that all changes made so far
will take effect immediately.

Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n]
 <-- ENTER
 ... Success!

Cleaning up...



All done!  If you've completed all of the above steps, your MySQL
installation should now be secure.

Thanks for using MySQL!


[root@server1 var]#

 

11 Postfix With SMTP-AUTH And TLS; Dovecot

Install the required packages (Postfix, cyrus-sasl, Dovecot, etc.) like this:

urpmi cyrus-sasl lib64sasl2 lib64sasl2-devel lib64sasl2-plug-plain lib64sasl2-plug-anonymous lib64sasl2-plug-crammd5 lib64sasl2-plug-digestmd5 lib64sasl2-plug-gssapi lib64sasl2-plug-login postfix dovecot

Then run:

postconf -e 'mydestination = /etc/postfix/local-host-names, localhost.$mydomain'
postconf -e 'smtpd_sasl_local_domain ='
postconf -e 'smtpd_sasl_auth_enable = yes'
postconf -e 'smtpd_sasl_security_options = noanonymous'
postconf -e 'broken_sasl_auth_clients = yes'
postconf -e 'smtpd_sasl_authenticated_header = yes'
postconf -e 'smtpd_recipient_restrictions = permit_sasl_authenticated,permit_mynetworks,reject_unauth_destination'
postconf -e 'inet_interfaces = all'
postconf -e 'mynetworks = 127.0.0.0/8'
touch /etc/postfix/local-host-names

Then we set the hostname in our Postfix installation (make sure you replace server1 and example.com with your own settings):

postconf -e 'mydomain = example.com'
postconf -e 'myhostname = server1.$mydomain'

Edit /etc/sasl2/smtpd.conf. It should look like this:

vi /etc/sasl2/smtpd.conf

# SASL library configuration file for postfix
# all parameters are documented into:
# /usr/share/doc/cyrus-sasl/options.html

# The mech_list parameters list the sasl mechanisms to use,
# default being all mechs found.
mech_list:         plain login

# To authenticate using the separate saslauthd daemon, (e.g. for
# system or ldap users). Also see /etc/sysconfig/saslauthd.
pwcheck_method:    saslauthd
saslauthd_path:    /var/lib/sasl2/mux

# To authenticate against users stored in sasldb.
#pwcheck_method:    auxprop
#auxprop_plugin:    sasldb
#sasldb_path:       /var/lib/sasl2/sasl.db

Create the SSL certificate needed for TLS:

mkdir /etc/postfix/ssl
cd /etc/postfix/ssl/
openssl genrsa -des3 -rand /etc/hosts -out smtpd.key 1024

chmod 600 smtpd.key
openssl req -new -key smtpd.key -out smtpd.csr

openssl x509 -req -days 3650 -in smtpd.csr -signkey smtpd.key -out smtpd.crt

openssl rsa -in smtpd.key -out smtpd.key.unencrypted

mv -f smtpd.key.unencrypted smtpd.key
openssl req -new -x509 -extensions v3_ca -keyout cakey.pem -out cacert.pem -days 3650

... and configure Postfix for TLS:

postconf -e 'smtpd_tls_auth_only = no'
postconf -e 'smtp_use_tls = yes'
postconf -e 'smtpd_use_tls = yes'
postconf -e 'smtp_tls_note_starttls_offer = yes'
postconf -e 'smtpd_tls_key_file = /etc/postfix/ssl/smtpd.key'
postconf -e 'smtpd_tls_cert_file = /etc/postfix/ssl/smtpd.crt'
postconf -e 'smtpd_tls_CAfile = /etc/postfix/ssl/cacert.pem'
postconf -e 'smtpd_tls_loglevel = 1'
postconf -e 'smtpd_tls_received_header = yes'
postconf -e 'smtpd_tls_session_cache_timeout = 3600s'
postconf -e 'tls_random_source = dev:/dev/urandom'

Next we must configure Dovecot to serve the protocols imap, imaps, pop3, and pop3s. Open /etc/dovecot.conf and adjust the following values:

vi /etc/dovecot.conf

[...]
protocols = imap imaps pop3 pop3s
[...]
disable_plaintext_auth = no
[...]
  pop3_uidl_format = %08Xu%08Xv
[...]

Now we must tell the system to start Dovecot only after ntpd has started because Dovecot isn't very forgiving if your system's time moves backwards while Dovecot is running (see http://wiki.dovecot.org/TimeMovedBackwards). This might cause errors like the following in your syslog:

Apr  9 19:29:18 server1 dovecot: Time just moved backwards by 17 seconds. This might
 cause a lot of problems, so I'll just kill myself now. http://wiki.dovecot.org/TimeMovedBackwards

Unfortunately, on Mandriva Dovecot is started before ntpd, so we change it like this:

cd /etc/rc3.d
mv S99ntpd S98ntpd
cd /etc/rc4.d
mv S99ntpd S98ntpd
cd /etc/rc5.d
mv S99ntpd S98ntpd

Then we create the system startup links for Postfix...

chkconfig postfix on

... and (re)start Postfix, saslauthd, and Dovecot:

/etc/init.d/postfix restart
/etc/init.d/saslauthd restart
/etc/init.d/dovecot restart

To see if SMTP-AUTH and TLS work properly now run the following command:

telnet localhost 25

After you have established the connection to your Postfix mail server type

ehlo localhost

If you see the lines

250-STARTTLS

and

250-AUTH LOGIN PLAIN

everything is fine:

[root@server1 ~]# telnet localhost 25
Trying 127.0.0.1...
Connected to localhost.localdomain (127.0.0.1).
Escape character is '^]'.
220 server1.example.com ESMTP Postfix (2.7.0) (Mandriva Linux)
ehlo localhost
250-server1.example.com
250-PIPELINING
250-SIZE 10240000
250-VRFY
250-ETRN
250-STARTTLS
250-AUTH LOGIN PLAIN
250-AUTH=LOGIN PLAIN
250-ENHANCEDSTATUSCODES
250-8BITMIME
250 DSN
quit
221 2.0.0 Bye
Connection closed by foreign host.
[root@server1 ~]#

Type

quit

to return to the system's shell.

 

11.1 Maildir

Dovecot uses Maildir format (not mbox), so if you install ISPConfig on the server, please make sure you enable Maildir under Management -> Server -> Settings -> Email. ISPConfig will then do the necessary configuration.

If you do not want to install ISPConfig, then you must configure Postfix to deliver emails to a user's Maildir (you can also do this if you use ISPConfig - it doesn't hurt ;-)):

postconf -e 'home_mailbox = Maildir/'
postconf -e 'mailbox_command ='
/etc/init.d/postfix restart


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