The Perfect Server - CentOS 5.2 - Page 3

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Submitted by falko (Contact Author) (Forums) on Thu, 2008-07-10 16:18. ::

4 Adjust /etc/hosts

Next we edit /etc/hosts. Make it look like this:

vi /etc/hosts

# Do not remove the following line, or various programs
# that require network functionality will fail.
127.0.0.1               localhost.localdomain localhost
192.168.0.100           server1.example.com server1
::1             localhost6.localdomain6 localhost6

 

5 Configure Additional IP Addresses

(This section is totally optional. It just shows how to add additional IP addresses to your network interface eth0 if you need more than one IP address. If you're fine with one IP address, you can skip this section.)

Let's assume our network interface is eth0. Then there is a file /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0 which contains the settings for eth0. We can use this as a sample for our new virtual network interface eth0:0:

cp /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0 /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0:0

Now we want to use the IP address 192.168.0.101 on the virtual interface eth0:0. Therefore we open the file /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0:0 and modify it as follows (we can leave out the HWADDR line as it is the same physical network card):

vi /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0:0

# Advanced Micro Devices [AMD] 79c970 [PCnet32 LANCE]
DEVICE=eth0:0
BOOTPROTO=static
BROADCAST=192.168.0.255
IPADDR=192.168.0.101
NETMASK=255.255.255.0
NETWORK=192.168.0.0
ONBOOT=yes

Afterwards we have to restart the network:

/etc/init.d/network restart

You might also want to adjust /etc/hosts after you have added new IP addresses, although this is not necessary.

Now run

ifconfig

You should now see your new IP address in the output:

[root@server1 ~]# ifconfig
eth0      Link encap:Ethernet  HWaddr 00:0C:29:B1:97:E1
          inet addr:192.168.0.100  Bcast:192.168.0.255  Mask:255.255.255.0
          inet6 addr: fe80::20c:29ff:feb1:97e1/64 Scope:Link
          UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST  MTU:1500  Metric:1
          RX packets:310 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
          TX packets:337 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
          collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000
          RX bytes:28475 (27.8 KiB)  TX bytes:72116 (70.4 KiB)
          Interrupt:177 Base address:0x1400

eth0:0    Link encap:Ethernet  HWaddr 00:0C:29:B1:97:E1
          inet addr:192.168.0.101  Bcast:192.168.0.255  Mask:255.255.255.0
          UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST  MTU:1500  Metric:1
          Interrupt:177 Base address:0x1400

lo        Link encap:Local Loopback
          inet addr:127.0.0.1  Mask:255.0.0.0
          inet6 addr: ::1/128 Scope:Host
          UP LOOPBACK RUNNING  MTU:16436  Metric:1
          RX packets:8 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
          TX packets:8 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
          collisions:0 txqueuelen:0
          RX bytes:560 (560.0 b)  TX bytes:560 (560.0 b)

[root@server1 ~]#

 

6 Disable The Firewall And SELinux

(You can skip this chapter if you have already disabled the firewall and SELinux at the end of the basic system installation (in the Setup Agent).)

I want to install ISPConfig at the end of this tutorial which comes with its own firewall. That's why I disable the default CentOS firewall now. Of course, you are free to leave it on and configure it to your needs (but then you shouldn't use any other firewall later on as it will most probably interfere with the CentOS firewall).

SELinux is a security extension of CentOS that should provide extended security. In my opinion you don't need it to configure a secure system, and it usually causes more problems than advantages (think of it after you have done a week of trouble-shooting because some service wasn't working as expected, and then you find out that everything was ok, only SELinux was causing the problem). Therefore I disable it, too (this is a must if you want to install ISPConfig later on).

Run

system-config-securitylevel

Set both Security Level and SELinux to Disabled and hit OK:

Afterwards we must reboot the system:

reboot

 

7 Install Some Software

First we import the GPG keys for software packages:

rpm --import /etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY*

Then we update our existing packages on the system:

yum update

Now we install some software packages that are needed later on:

yum install fetchmail wget bzip2 unzip zip nmap openssl lynx fileutils ncftp gcc gcc-c++


Please do not use the comment function to ask for help! If you need help, please use our forum.
Comments will be published after administrator approval.
Submitted by FractalizeR (registered user) on Sat, 2008-08-30 19:56.
yum install zlib-devel is also needed to compile PHP for ISPConfig.
Submitted by FractalizeR (registered user) on Sat, 2008-08-30 19:53.

yum install openssl-devel

is also needed for ISPConfig to successfully complete PHP compilation

Submitted by admin (registered user) on Sun, 2008-08-31 09:17.
These packages are already installed if you select the same package groups as I did during the initial system installation.
Submitted by StealthyC (registered user) on Wed, 2008-07-23 14:27.

ncftp does not install during the yum install command. ncftp is not listed during a yum list ncftp*

 

 

Submitted by Noodle2732 (not registered) on Sun, 2008-09-14 16:19.

I had the same prob, i managed to get around it though after a bit of searching google.

btw i am a linux n00b so if this is the wrong waay to do things then i apologize.

I had to add the Karan extras testing repo and set gpgcheck=0 then it installed

vi /etc/yum.conf

add this to the bottom:

[ kbs-CentOS-Testing]

name=CentOS.Karan.Org-ELS - Testing

gpgcheck=0

gpgkey=http://centos.karan.org/RPM-GPG-KEY-karan.org.txt

enabled=1

baseurl=http://centos.karan.org/el5/extras/testing/i386/RPMS/

Then import the key

rpm --import  http://centos.karan.org/RPM-GPG-KEY-karan.org.txt

 

And then finally install ncftp

yum install ncftp

Submitted by gobok (not registered) on Mon, 2008-12-15 05:22.

thanks for the ncftp

 and the updated repo is supposed to be in

 /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo

Submitted by Anonymous (not registered) on Wed, 2008-11-19 04:32.
worked for me, thanks Noodle