Mini-Howtos

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What is the difference between standard and expert mode during the ISPConfig installation?

In standard mode the installer assumes standard values for you Linux distribution which may not always be correct (but in most cases).

In expert mode you will be asked about those values which gives you the possibility to change them.

How can I login to a site with Frontpage?

The user name is admin, the password is the one that you entered in the ISPConfig control panel in the form of the respective site.

I get the feeling that my hard disk is very slow. Is there a way I can verify and tune it?

You can use hdparm to tune your hard disk. On Debian, you would run

apt-get install hdparm

to install it.

hdparm --help

shows a list of all available options. To get more information about your hard disk, run

hdparm -i /dev/hda

This will look like:

/dev/hda:

Model=MAXTOR 6L060J3, FwRev=A93.0500, SerialNo=663214759549
Config={ HardSect NotMFM HdSw>15uSec Fixed DTR>10Mbs }
RawCHS=16383/16/63, TrkSize=32256, SectSize=21298, ECCbytes=4
BuffType=DualPortCache, BuffSize=1819kB, MaxMultSect=16, MultSect=16
CurCHS=4047/16/255, CurSects=16511760, LBA=yes, LBAsects=117266688
IORDY=on/off, tPIO={min:120,w/IORDY:120}, tDMA={min:120,rec:120}
PIO modes:  pio0 pio1 pio2 pio3 pio4
DMA modes:  mdma0 mdma1 mdma2
UDMA modes: udma0 udma1 *udma2
AdvancedPM=no WriteCache=enabled
Drive conforms to: ATA/ATAPI-5 T13 1321D revision 1:

* signifies the current active mode

To see how fast your hard disk currently is execute

How can I observe a logfile continuously?

With the command:

tail -f /path/to/logfile

you will see all lines added to the logfile. To stop this, press [CTRL] + c

How to save a command in the shell history without executing it

Enter the command line and hit the keys:

[CTRL] + [#]

This will put a # in front of the command and execute it. The shell will take it as comment.

How can I clear the shell window?

Use the commad:

clear

or the keyboard shortcut:

[CTRL] + [L]

Creating image borders with ImageMagick convert

The command is:

convert -border 2x2 old.jpg new.jpg

This creates a new image (new.jpg) with a 2 pixel border from the image old.jpg.

To set the bordercolor to red, use this command:

convert -border 2x2 -bordercolor "#FF0000" old.jpg new.jpg

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