Installing A FreeBSD 7.0 DNS Server With BIND - Page 6

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Submitted by msghaleb (Contact Author) (Forums) on Fri, 2008-07-18 15:35. ::

Creating the Master forward lookup zone file

Remember to replace tm.local with your domain name, it must match what you have used before.

So we will create the file tm.local:

cd /var/named/etc/namedb/master
ee tm.local

Then we add the following:

$TTL    3600
tm.local.                     IN    SOA     dnsfreebsd.tm.local.   root.tm.local. (
                                                   1            ; Serial 
                                                   10800    ; Refresh
                                                   3600       ; Retry
                                                    604800  ; Expire
                                                   86400 )   ;Minimum TTL
; DNS Servers
tm.local.                     IN               NS   dnsfreebsd.tm.local.

; Computer names and records
dnsfreebsd.tm.local.     IN               A    192.168.0.2

; Aliases
www                          IN              CNAME    dnsfreebsd.tm.local.

; Mail MX Records
tm.local.                    IN     MX     10   dnsfreebsd.tm.local.

Feel free to modify based on what you want to do, you can add more aliases, A or MX records, and make sure to change your domain name above from tm.local to your domain name and make sure to add a "." after words, also change your hostname from dnsfreebsd to the hostname you are using.

root.tm.local is the e-mail address of the person responsible for the zone, here we use a "." instead of an "@" sign.

 

Creating the Master reverse lookup zone file

Now we will create a reverse lookup zone file for the forward one we created above using the following commands:

cd /var/named/etc/namedb/master
ee tm.local.rev

Then we we will add the below data to it, again feel free to modify based on your configuration:

$TTL    3600
0.168.192.in-addr.arpa.          IN    SOA    dnsfreebsd.tm.local.     root.tm.local. (
                                                   1            ; Serial
                                                    10800    ; Refresh
                                                   3600      ; Retry
                                                    604800   ; Expire
                                                    86400)   ; Minimum TTL
; DNS Servers
0.168.192.in-addr.arpa.          IN              NS    dnsfreebsd.tm.local.

; Computer IPs
100                                     IN               PTR    dnsfreebsd.tm.local.
100                                     IN               PTR    www.tm.local.

 

Testing your DNS Server

Now we are finished with configuration, we just need to start the service and test it.

First of all let's make sure that your server has it's own IP as the primary DNS server in the resolv.conf file.

Open the resolv.conf:

ee /etc/resolv.conf

and make sure you are using your DNS servers IP as the primary IP, my server's IP is 192.168.0.100 thus my resolv.conf looks like that with my IP at the first place:

domain tm.local
nameserver 192.168.0.100
nameserver 192.168.0.2

Save and Exit.

Configure named to start automatically at the boot time.

Open the rc.conf file in /etc:

ee /etc/rc.conf

We will then add the following line to it:

named_enable="YES"

Save and Exit.

Start the named service:

/etc/rc.d/named start

You can try to dig for google.com to make sure all good with your DNS server:

dig google.com

If you saw at the end (probably the 3rd line from down) something like this:

;; SERVER: 192.168.0.100#53(192.168.0.100)

So this means your DNS server (e.g. 192.168.0.100) was the one who answered the query.

You can try then to ping your A records if all give the expected reply then your DNS is working fine.

 

10 Sources and References


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