How To Set Up MySQL Database Replication With SSL Encryption On Debian Squeeze - Page 2

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Submitted by falko (Contact Author) (Forums) on Sun, 2011-06-05 16:15. ::

4 Configuring The Slave

Now we must configure the slave. Open /etc/mysql/my.cnf and make sure you have the following settings in the [mysqld] section:

server2:

vi /etc/mysql/my.cnf

[...]
server-id=2
master-connect-retry=60
replicate-do-db=exampledb
[...]

The value of server-id must be unique and thus different from the one on the master!

Restart MySQL afterwards:

/etc/init.d/mysql restart

Before we start setting up the replication, we create an empty database exampledb on server2:

mysql -u root -p

CREATE DATABASE exampledb;
quit;

On server2, we can now import the SQL dump snapshot.sql like this:

/usr/bin/mysqladmin --user=root --password=yourrootsqlpassword stop-slave
cd /tmp
mysql -u root -pyourrootsqlpassword exampledb < snapshot.sql

Now connect to MySQL again...

mysql -u root -p

... and run the following command to make server2 a slave of server1 (it is important that you replace the values in the following command with the values you got from the SHOW MASTER STATUS; command that we ran on server1!):

CHANGE MASTER TO MASTER_HOST='192.168.0.100', MASTER_USER='slave_user', MASTER_PASSWORD='slave_password', MASTER_LOG_FILE='mysql-bin.000001', MASTER_LOG_POS=106, MASTER_SSL=1, MASTER_SSL_CA = '/etc/mysql/newcerts/ca-cert.pem', MASTER_SSL_CERT = '/etc/mysql/newcerts/client-cert.pem', MASTER_SSL_KEY = '/etc/mysql/newcerts/client-key.pem';

  • MASTER_HOST is the IP address or hostname of the master (in this example it is 192.168.0.100).
  • MASTER_USER is the user we granted replication privileges on the master.
  • MASTER_PASSWORD is the password of MASTER_USER on the master.
  • MASTER_LOG_FILE is the file MySQL gave back when you ran SHOW MASTER STATUS; on the master.
  • MASTER_LOG_POS is the position MySQL gave back when you ran SHOW MASTER STATUS; on the master.
  • MASTER_SSL makes the slave use an SSL connection to the master.
  • MASTER_SSL_CA is the path to the ca-cert.pem file on the slave.
  • MASTER_SSL_CERT is the path to the client-cert.pem file on the slave.
  • MASTER_SSL_KEY is the path to the client-key.pem file on the slave.

Finally start the slave:

START SLAVE;

Then check the slave status:

SHOW SLAVE STATUS \G

It is important that both Slave_IO_Running and Slave_SQL_Running have the value Yes in the output (otherwise something went wrong, and you should check your setup again and take a look at /var/log/syslog to find out about any errors); as you're using an SSL connection now, you should also find values in the fields Master_SSL_Allowed, Master_SSL_CA_File, Master_SSL_Cert, and Master_SSL_Key:

mysql> SHOW SLAVE STATUS \G
*************************** 1. row ***************************
               Slave_IO_State: Waiting for master to send event
                  Master_Host: 192.168.0.100
                  Master_User: slave_user
                  Master_Port: 3306
                Connect_Retry: 60
              Master_Log_File: mysql-bin.000001
          Read_Master_Log_Pos: 106
               Relay_Log_File: mysqld-relay-bin.000002
                Relay_Log_Pos: 251
        Relay_Master_Log_File: mysql-bin.000001
             Slave_IO_Running: Yes
            Slave_SQL_Running: Yes
              Replicate_Do_DB: exampledb
          Replicate_Ignore_DB:
           Replicate_Do_Table:
       Replicate_Ignore_Table:
      Replicate_Wild_Do_Table:
  Replicate_Wild_Ignore_Table:
                   Last_Errno: 0
                   Last_Error:
                 Skip_Counter: 0
          Exec_Master_Log_Pos: 106
              Relay_Log_Space: 407
              Until_Condition: None
               Until_Log_File:
                Until_Log_Pos: 0
           Master_SSL_Allowed: Yes
           Master_SSL_CA_File: /etc/mysql/newcerts/ca-cert.pem
           Master_SSL_CA_Path:
              Master_SSL_Cert: /etc/mysql/newcerts/client-cert.pem
            Master_SSL_Cipher:
               Master_SSL_Key: /etc/mysql/newcerts/client-key.pem
        Seconds_Behind_Master: 0
Master_SSL_Verify_Server_Cert: No
                Last_IO_Errno: 0
                Last_IO_Error:
               Last_SQL_Errno: 0
               Last_SQL_Error:
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

mysql>

Afterwards, you can leave the MySQL shell on server2:

quit;

That's it! Now whenever exampledb is updated on the master, all changes will be replicated to exampledb on the slave. Test it!

 

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