Go Back   HowtoForge Forums | HowtoForge - Linux Howtos and Tutorials > ISPConfig 3 > Installation/Configuration

Do you like HowtoForge? Please consider supporting us by becoming a subscriber.
Reply
 
Thread Tools Display Modes
  #1  
Old 22nd September 2012, 07:49
Tramis Tramis is offline
Junior Member
 
Join Date: Sep 2012
Posts: 8
Thanks: 0
Thanked 0 Times in 0 Posts
Default Outgoing mail : User unknown in virtual mailbox table;

Hi,

I have a problem on my mail web server that i installed based on this post: http://www.howtoforge.com/perfect-se...ot-ispconfig-3.

When i want to send emails to mailboxes out of my domain i got a message : (mail.log)

Code:
Sep 21 20:54:12 mail postfix/smtpd[19056]: connect from unknown[192.168.1.10]
Sep 21 20:54:26 mail postfix/smtpd[19056]: NOQUEUE: reject: RCPT from unknown[192.168.1.10]: 550 5.1.1 <ecipient address rejected: User unknown in virtual mailbox table; from=<xxxxx.yyyyyyy@wanadoo.fr> to=<uuuuuuu.vvvvvvv@wanadoo.fr> proto=ESMTP helo=<NoonPC>
Sep 21 20:54:29 mail postfix/smtpd[19056]: disconnect from unknown[192.168.1.10]
I have 3 PC in lan. One is my mail server, the others two are users's PCs. I have my ISP box on my lan that i use as gateway to go on the internet. I want to use my mail server as IMAP server for the two users and be able to send and receive mails (with POP3 and SMTP) to my mailboxes that i have on other sites (like gmail, msn, ISP ...)

I've followed this post step by step except:
- SSH Server (no use)
- Nano (no use)
- Spamassassin removal (don't see the point in freeing RAM when 4Gb available)
- PureFTP installation (no use)
- Mailman installation (no use)
- Quota (crashed mounting / on boot on last installation)

Here's my /etc/postfix/main.cf :

Code:
# See /usr/share/postfix/main.cf.dist for a commented, more complete version


# Debian specific:  Specifying a file name will cause the first
# line of that file to be used as the name.  The Debian default
# is /etc/mailname.
#myorigin = /etc/mailname

smtpd_banner = $myhostname ESMTP $mail_name (Ubuntu)
biff = no

# appending .domain is the MUA's job.
append_dot_mydomain = no

# Uncomment the next line to generate "delayed mail" warnings
#delay_warning_time = 4h

readme_directory = /usr/share/doc/postfix

# TLS parameters
smtpd_tls_cert_file = /etc/postfix/smtpd.cert
smtpd_tls_key_file = /etc/postfix/smtpd.key
smtpd_use_tls = yes
smtpd_tls_session_cache_database = btree:${data_directory}/smtpd_scache
smtp_tls_session_cache_database = btree:${data_directory}/smtp_scache

# See /usr/share/doc/postfix/TLS_README.gz in the postfix-doc package for
# information on enabling SSL in the smtp client.

myhostname = mail.tramis.org
alias_maps = hash:/etc/aliases, hash:/var/lib/mailman/data/aliases
alias_database = hash:/etc/aliases, hash:/var/lib/mailman/data/aliases
myorigin = /etc/mailname
mydestination = mail.tramis.org, localhost, localhost.localdomain
relayhost =
mynetworks = 127.0.0.0/8 [::1]/128
mailbox_size_limit = 0
recipient_delimiter = +
inet_interfaces = all
html_directory = /usr/share/doc/postfix/html
virtual_alias_domains =
virtual_alias_maps = proxy:mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual_forwardings.cf, proxy:mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual_email2email.cf, hash:/var/lib/mailman/data/virtual-mailman
virtual_mailbox_domains = proxy:mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual_domains.cf
virtual_mailbox_maps = proxy:mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual_mailboxes.cf
virtual_mailbox_base = /var/vmail
virtual_uid_maps = static:5000
virtual_gid_maps = static:5000
smtpd_sasl_auth_enable = yes
broken_sasl_auth_clients = yes
smtpd_sasl_authenticated_header = yes
smtpd_recipient_restrictions = permit_mynetworks, permit_sasl_authenticated, check_recipient_access mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual_recipient.cf, reject_unauth_destination
smtpd_tls_security_level = may
transport_maps = proxy:mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual_transports.cf
relay_domains = mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual_relaydomains.cf
relay_recipient_maps = mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual_relayrecipientmaps.cf
proxy_read_maps = $local_recipient_maps $mydestination $virtual_alias_maps $virtual_alias_domains $virtual_mailbox_maps $virtual_mailbox_domains $relay_recipient_maps $relay_domains $canonical_maps $sender_canonical_maps $recipient_canonical_maps $relocated_maps $transport_maps $mynetworks $virtual_mailbox_limit_maps
smtpd_sender_restrictions = check_sender_access mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual_sender.cf
smtpd_client_restrictions = check_client_access mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual_client.cf
smtpd_client_message_rate_limit = 100
maildrop_destination_concurrency_limit = 1
maildrop_destination_recipient_limit = 1
virtual_transport = dovecot
header_checks = regexp:/etc/postfix/header_checks
mime_header_checks = regexp:/etc/postfix/mime_header_checks
nested_header_checks = regexp:/etc/postfix/nested_header_checks
body_checks = regexp:/etc/postfix/body_checks
owner_request_special = no
dovecot_destination_recipient_limit = 1
smtpd_sasl_type = dovecot
smtpd_sasl_path = private/auth
content_filter = amavis:[127.0.0.1]:10024
receive_override_options = no_address_mappings
Here's my /etc/postfix/master.cf :

Code:
#
# Postfix master process configuration file.  For details on the format
# of the file, see the master(5) manual page (command: "man 5 master").
#
# Do not forget to execute "postfix reload" after editing this file.
#
# ==========================================================================
# service type  private unpriv  chroot  wakeup  maxproc command + args
#               (yes)   (yes)   (yes)   (never) (100)
# ==========================================================================
smtp      inet  n       -       -       -       -       smtpd
#smtp      inet  n       -       -       -       1       postscreen
#smtpd     pass  -       -       -       -       -       smtpd
#dnsblog   unix  -       -       -       -       0       dnsblog
#tlsproxy  unix  -       -       -       -       0       tlsproxy
submission inet n       -       -       -       -       smtpd
  -o syslog_name=postfix/submission
  -o smtpd_tls_security_level=encrypt
  -o smtpd_sasl_auth_enable=yes
  -o smtpd_client_restrictions=permit_sasl_authenticated,reject
#  -o milter_macro_daemon_name=ORIGINATING
smtps     inet  n       -       -       -       -       smtpd
  -o syslog_name=postfix/smtps
  -o smtpd_tls_wrappermode=yes
  -o smtpd_sasl_auth_enable=yes
  -o smtpd_client_restrictions=permit_sasl_authenticated,reject
#  -o milter_macro_daemon_name=ORIGINATING
#628       inet  n       -       -       -       -       qmqpd
pickup    fifo  n       -       -       60      1       pickup
cleanup   unix  n       -       -       -       0       cleanup
qmgr      fifo  n       -       n       300     1       qmgr
#qmgr     fifo  n       -       n       300     1       oqmgr
tlsmgr    unix  -       -       -       1000?   1       tlsmgr
rewrite   unix  -       -       -       -       -       trivial-rewrite
bounce    unix  -       -       -       -       0       bounce
defer     unix  -       -       -       -       0       bounce
trace     unix  -       -       -       -       0       bounce
verify    unix  -       -       -       -       1       verify
flush     unix  n       -       -       1000?   0       flush
proxymap  unix  -       -       n       -       -       proxymap
proxywrite unix -       -       n       -       1       proxymap
smtp      unix  -       -       -       -       -       smtp
relay     unix  -       -       -       -       -       smtp
#       -o smtp_helo_timeout=5 -o smtp_connect_timeout=5
showq     unix  n       -       -       -       -       showq
error     unix  -       -       -       -       -       error
retry     unix  -       -       -       -       -       error
discard   unix  -       -       -       -       -       discard
local     unix  -       n       n       -       -       local
virtual   unix  -       n       n       -       -       virtual
lmtp      unix  -       -       -       -       -       lmtp
anvil     unix  -       -       -       -       1       anvil
scache    unix  -       -       -       -       1       scache
#
# ====================================================================
# Interfaces to non-Postfix software. Be sure to examine the manual
# pages of the non-Postfix software to find out what options it wants.
#
# Many of the following services use the Postfix pipe(8) delivery
# agent.  See the pipe(8) man page for information about ${recipient}
# and other message envelope options.
# ====================================================================
#
# maildrop. See the Postfix MAILDROP_README file for details.
# Also specify in main.cf: maildrop_destination_recipient_limit=1
#
maildrop  unix  -       n       n       -       -       pipe
  flags=DRhu user=vmail argv=/usr/bin/maildrop -d vmail ${extension} ${recipient} ${user} ${nexthop} ${sender}
#
# ====================================================================
#
# Recent Cyrus versions can use the existing "lmtp" master.cf entry.
#
# Specify in cyrus.conf:
#   lmtp    cmd="lmtpd -a" listen="localhost:lmtp" proto=tcp4
#
# Specify in main.cf one or more of the following:
#  mailbox_transport = lmtp:inet:localhost
#  virtual_transport = lmtp:inet:localhost
#
# ====================================================================
#
# Cyrus 2.1.5 (Amos Gouaux)
# Also specify in main.cf: cyrus_destination_recipient_limit=1
#
#cyrus     unix  -       n       n       -       -       pipe
#  user=cyrus argv=/cyrus/bin/deliver -e -r ${sender} -m ${extension} ${user}
#
# ====================================================================
# Old example of delivery via Cyrus.
#
#old-cyrus unix  -       n       n       -       -       pipe
#  flags=R user=cyrus argv=/cyrus/bin/deliver -e -m ${extension} ${user}
#
# ====================================================================
#
# See the Postfix UUCP_README file for configuration details.
#
uucp      unix  -       n       n       -       -       pipe
  flags=Fqhu user=uucp argv=uux -r -n -z -a$sender - $nexthop!rmail ($recipient)
#
# Other external delivery methods.
#
ifmail    unix  -       n       n       -       -       pipe
  flags=F user=ftn argv=/usr/lib/ifmail/ifmail -r $nexthop ($recipient)
bsmtp     unix  -       n       n       -       -       pipe
  flags=Fq. user=bsmtp argv=/usr/lib/bsmtp/bsmtp -t$nexthop -f$sender $recipient
scalemail-backend unix  -       n       n       -       2       pipe
  flags=R user=scalemail argv=/usr/lib/scalemail/bin/scalemail-store ${nexthop} ${user} ${extension}
mailman   unix  -       n       n       -       -       pipe
  flags=FR user=list argv=/usr/lib/mailman/bin/postfix-to-mailman.py
  ${nexthop} ${user}

dovecot   unix  -       n       n       -       -       pipe
  flags=DRhu user=vmail:vmail argv=/usr/lib/dovecot/deliver -f ${sender} -d ${user}@${nexthop}
amavis unix - - - - 2 smtp
        -o smtp_data_done_timeout=1200
        -o smtp_send_xforward_command=yes

127.0.0.1:10025 inet n - - - - smtpd
        -o content_filter=
        -o local_recipient_maps=
        -o relay_recipient_maps=
        -o smtpd_restriction_classes=
        -o smtpd_client_restrictions=
        -o smtpd_helo_restrictions=
        -o smtpd_sender_restrictions=
        -o smtpd_recipient_restrictions=permit_mynetworks,reject
        -o mynetworks=127.0.0.0/8
        -o strict_rfc821_envelopes=yes
        -o receive_override_options=no_unknown_recipient_checks,no_header_body_checks
        -o smtpd_bind_address=127.0.0.1
Any clue about what i've done wrong?

Regards.
Reply With Quote
Sponsored Links
  #2  
Old 22nd September 2012, 11:54
Tramis Tramis is offline
Junior Member
 
Join Date: Sep 2012
Posts: 8
Thanks: 0
Thanked 0 Times in 0 Posts
Default

I'm adding things:

I got the error when sending from a mailbox handled by my server to a mailbox handled by my ISP (both are @wanadoo.fr).

I added the domain wanadoo.fr on my server so i can get the mails from my ISP to my server and then IMAP them from my server to my users PCs.
Reply With Quote
  #3  
Old 22nd September 2012, 12:17
pititis pititis is offline
Senior Member
 
Join Date: Dec 2010
Location: München
Posts: 364
Thanks: 39
Thanked 90 Times in 68 Posts
Default

The tutorial is ok for set up an Internet mail server. Your needs are different.

For receiving mail from your remote mailboxes you must to use fetchmail and for delivery you need one transport per destination.
Reply With Quote
  #4  
Old 22nd September 2012, 14:03
Tramis Tramis is offline
Junior Member
 
Join Date: Sep 2012
Posts: 8
Thanks: 0
Thanked 0 Times in 0 Posts
Default

Hi

I'm receiving mails from ISP mailboxes, the "only" problem is sending mails to theses mailboxes from my server using smtp.
Reply With Quote
  #5  
Old 28th September 2012, 15:35
Tramis Tramis is offline
Junior Member
 
Join Date: Sep 2012
Posts: 8
Thanks: 0
Thanked 0 Times in 0 Posts
Default

Hi,

Coming back for news.

Did a fresh new installation following the same Howto and i still can't send any emails outside my LAN.

Is it normal?

I configured postfix as an "Internet site with smarthost", filled the "relayhost = " in the postfix main.cf and still impossible to get out.

I always have this in /var/log/mail.log:


Sep 28 15:32:46 smtp postfix/smtpd[5913]: 750421022BC: reject: RCPT from Noon-PC.home[192.168.1.10]: 550 5.1.1 <xxxxxxxxxxx@yyyyyyyy.fr>: Recipient address rejected: User unknown in virtual mailbox table; from=<wwwwwwwwww@yyyyyyyy.fr> to=<xxxxxxxxxxx@yyyyyyyy.fr> proto=ESMTP helo=<[192.168.1.10]>


I tried other installations and that configuration works. Something in this tutorial blocks outside going mails, just can't find what...
Reply With Quote
  #6  
Old 28th September 2012, 17:01
till till is offline
Super Moderator
 
Join Date: Apr 2005
Location: Lüneburg, Germany
Posts: 36,421
Thanks: 834
Thanked 5,501 Times in 4,330 Posts
Default

Quote:
I configured postfix as an "Internet site with smarthost", filled the "relayhost = " in the postfix main.cf and still impossible to get out.
Then you haven followed the tutorial correctly as it instructes you to use a different postfix preset, not smarthost.

If you want to use a smarthost, then you can set this later in ispconfig. Dont edit the main.cf file directly to set a smarthost.
__________________
Till Brehm
--
Get ISPConfig support and the ISPConfig 3 manual from ispconfig.org.
Reply With Quote
  #7  
Old 28th September 2012, 17:26
Tramis Tramis is offline
Junior Member
 
Join Date: Sep 2012
Posts: 8
Thanks: 0
Thanked 0 Times in 0 Posts
Default

Hi,

Thanks for your answer. I choose "Internet site with smarthost" because i had no answer to my previous posts and tried to make this work.

If you look at my first post i did not choose any relayhost and emailing out wasn't working neither.

I tried email routing, relay recipients and almost everything in ISPConfig without success.

If this configuration isn't meant to send outgoing mails, just tell me i'll stop trying to.

If i have to buy the ISPConfig documentation, tell me, i'll do it (i haven't seen anything about relays in the old version i bought for V2).

I just find hard to believe that a "Perfect mail server" can't handle outgoing mails
Reply With Quote
  #8  
Old 28th September 2012, 18:22
till till is offline
Super Moderator
 
Join Date: Apr 2005
Location: Lüneburg, Germany
Posts: 36,421
Thanks: 834
Thanked 5,501 Times in 4,330 Posts
Default

Quote:
I tried email routing, relay recipients and almost everything in ISPConfig without success.
These settimgs are not relevant for relaying. the Relay settings are under System > Server config > Email.

According to the postfix error message, you tried to send a email without smtp authentication. So the first step you should do is to enable smtp aurhentication in your mail client, this is a client settings, not a setting of your server or in ispconfig.

Quote:
I just find hard to believe that a "Perfect mail server" can't handle outgoing mails
It works on more then hundred thousand servers worldwide that use this setup, so it should work on your servera s well And it does not matter if you use the server on a datacenter or your local lan.
__________________
Till Brehm
--
Get ISPConfig support and the ISPConfig 3 manual from ispconfig.org.
Reply With Quote
  #9  
Old 29th September 2012, 05:13
Tramis Tramis is offline
Junior Member
 
Join Date: Sep 2012
Posts: 8
Thanks: 0
Thanked 0 Times in 0 Posts
Default

Hi again!

I've just made a fresh installation following the Howto to the letter and i've got this:

Code:
Sep 29 04:59:08 mail postfix/submission/smtpd[19795]: connect from unknown[192.168.1.10]
Sep 29 04:59:08 mail postfix/submission/smtpd[19795]: NOQUEUE: reject: RCPT from unknown[192.168.1.10]: 550 5.1.1 <aaaa@wanadoo.fr>: Recipient address rejected: User unknown in virtual mailbox table; from=<bbbb@wanadoo.fr> to=<aaaa@wanadoo.fr> proto=ESMTP helo=<[192.168.1.10]>
Sep 29 04:59:09 mail postfix/submission/smtpd[19795]: disconnect from unknown[192.168.1.10]
wanadoo.fr : is my ISP declared as a domain in ISPconfig3.
aaaa@wanadoo.fr : is my wife's mailbox not handled (for now) by ISPConfig.
bbbb@wanadoo.fr : is my mailbox handled by ISPConfig3.

Here's my postconf -n:
Code:
root@mail:/tmp/ispconfig3_install/install# postconf -n
alias_database = hash:/etc/aliases, hash:/var/lib/mailman/data/aliases
alias_maps = hash:/etc/aliases, hash:/var/lib/mailman/data/aliases
append_dot_mydomain = no
biff = no
body_checks = regexp:/etc/postfix/body_checks
broken_sasl_auth_clients = yes
config_directory = /etc/postfix
content_filter = amavis:[127.0.0.1]:10024
dovecot_destination_recipient_limit = 1
header_checks = regexp:/etc/postfix/header_checks
html_directory = /usr/share/doc/postfix/html
inet_interfaces = all
mailbox_size_limit = 0
maildrop_destination_concurrency_limit = 1
maildrop_destination_recipient_limit = 1
message_size_limit = 0
mime_header_checks = regexp:/etc/postfix/mime_header_checks
mydestination = my.domain.com, localhost, localhost.localdomain
myhostname = my.domain.com
mynetworks = 127.0.0.0/8 [::1]/128
myorigin = /etc/mailname
nested_header_checks = regexp:/etc/postfix/nested_header_checks
owner_request_special = no
proxy_read_maps = $local_recipient_maps $mydestination $virtual_alias_maps $virtual_alias_domains $virtual_mailbox_maps $virtual_mailbox_domains $relay_recipient_maps $relay_domains $canonical_maps $sender_canonical_maps $recipient_canonical_maps $relocated_maps $transport_maps $mynetworks $virtual_mailbox_limit_maps
readme_directory = /usr/share/doc/postfix
receive_override_options = no_address_mappings
recipient_delimiter = +
relay_domains = mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual_relaydomains.cf
relay_recipient_maps = mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual_relayrecipientmaps.cf
relayhost = smtp.wanadoo.fr
smtp_sasl_auth_enable = yes
smtp_sasl_password_maps = hash:/etc/postfix/sasl_passwd
smtp_sasl_security_options =
smtp_tls_session_cache_database = btree:${data_directory}/smtp_scache
smtpd_banner = $myhostname ESMTP $mail_name (Ubuntu)
smtpd_client_message_rate_limit = 100
smtpd_client_restrictions = check_client_access mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual_client.cf
smtpd_recipient_restrictions = permit_mynetworks, permit_sasl_authenticated, check_recipient_access mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual_recipient.cf, reject_unauth_destination
smtpd_sasl_auth_enable = yes
smtpd_sasl_authenticated_header = yes
smtpd_sasl_path = private/auth
smtpd_sasl_type = dovecot
smtpd_sender_restrictions = check_sender_access mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual_sender.cf
smtpd_tls_cert_file = /etc/postfix/smtpd.cert
smtpd_tls_key_file = /etc/postfix/smtpd.key
smtpd_tls_security_level = may
smtpd_tls_session_cache_database = btree:${data_directory}/smtpd_scache
smtpd_use_tls = yes
transport_maps = proxy:mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual_transports.cf
virtual_alias_domains =
virtual_alias_maps = proxy:mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual_forwardings.cf, proxy:mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual_email2email.cf, hash:/var/lib/mailman/data/virtual-mailman
virtual_gid_maps = static:5000
virtual_mailbox_base = /var/vmail
virtual_mailbox_domains = proxy:mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual_domains.cf
virtual_mailbox_maps = proxy:mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual_mailboxes.cf
virtual_transport = dovecot
virtual_uid_maps = static:5000
postconf: warning: /etc/postfix/master.cf: unused parameter: smtpd_bind_address=127.0.0.1
root@mail:/tmp/ispconfig3_install/install#
I've declared the SMTP relay in System > Server config > Email like you said.

I'm fetching correctly my mail. Still impossible to get outside

Edit: I have that problem only on domains that are defined on ISPConfig3. I can send mails outside to other domains. They don't get out if their domain exists in ISPConfig3.

Last edited by Tramis; 29th September 2012 at 07:11.
Reply With Quote
  #10  
Old 30th September 2012, 21:39
Tramis Tramis is offline
Junior Member
 
Join Date: Sep 2012
Posts: 8
Thanks: 0
Thanked 0 Times in 0 Posts
 
Default

Hi,

I don't know if i found a bug but here's what i've found on my problem:

I can't send a mail to a mailbox whose domain if defined on my server but does not exist on it.

More specifically:
My ISP is Orange.fr. They were known as Wanadoo.fr years ago. I have mailboxes created with the @wanadoo.fr. If i want to fetch my mail from these boxes i have to define this domain in ISPConfig3 and set a fetchmail task.

By doing this i can get all my mail on my server. I can send emails to anybody but people that have email adresses ending by @wanadoo.fr. If i do that i have the "User unknown in virtual mailbox table". Sending mails to other users that end with @orange.fr works fine.

A few days ago i tried building a server "by hand". Mailing the same way was working (the "relayhost=" field in main.cf of postfix is used to send every unknown adresses on the server to an external relay). When i use ISPConfig3 it doesn't. That leaves two possibilities:
- I have not configured correctly ISPConfig3
- There is a bug in ISPConfig3

Does this ring any bells to anybody?
Reply With Quote
Reply

Bookmarks

Thread Tools
Display Modes

Posting Rules
You may not post new threads
You may not post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts

BB code is On
Smilies are On
[IMG] code is On
HTML code is Off

Forum Jump

Similar Threads
Thread Thread Starter Forum Replies Last Post
Postfix Timeout after DATA from some emails treeman Server Operation 13 25th September 2013 12:51
ubuntu and nginx delgado2061 Installation/Configuration 0 27th November 2011 23:36
Postfix/courier/Centos 6 cant send email to external email servers maxtorzito Installation/Configuration 14 7th October 2011 10:56
421 Unexpected failure Lizard King Installation/Configuration 20 7th July 2009 20:43
Postfix problem and few questions Gimly Installation/Configuration 12 7th July 2009 16:27


All times are GMT +2. The time now is 02:44.


Powered by vBulletin® Version 3.8.7
Copyright ©2000 - 2014, vBulletin Solutions, Inc.