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Old 18th April 2006, 23:53
TobiasTM TobiasTM is offline
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Lightbulb HowTo install ISPConfig on a STRATO-Server with Debian 3.1

Based and abuttet to the HowTo - The Perfect Setup Debian Sarge (3.1) - of Falko Timme I wrote this HowTo for STRATO-Server, because Strato has some specifics in it´s Debian Sarge (3.1) - Image.

Let me say first: This is one way of many possible, but I try this more than one time and it works.
Anyway I must say to you, too -> If you use this HowTo you do it on your own risk ! You will lose all Files on the Strato-Server, ´cause we start with a brandnew installation of the Debian-Image !
If you have question mail me or send me a PM.

If you want to have it in german language please mail me, too.
>>Wer diese Anleitung auf deutsch haben möchte, muss mir nur eine eMail oder PN schreiben.<<

You will need:
  • a Strato - Dedicatet Server
  • WinSCP3 and Putty or similar software on your computer at home

We use (based on the HowTo by Falko Timme) for the Server:
  • Apache 2 as web-server
  • Postfix as mailserver
  • Courier-POP3 and Courier-IMAP for eMail, too
  • BIND as DNS-server
  • proftpd as FTP-server
  • Webalizer for statistics

STEP 1
Install a new Debian-Image 3.1 with the Strato-Konfigurationsmenü
  • ->Serverkonfiguration
  • ->Neuinstallation
  • mark the Box and
  • choose Debian GNU/Linux 3.1 für Profis
  • click on weiter
  • fill in the code you will see
Don´t forget: You will lose all Files on the Strato-Server, ´cause we start with a brandnew installation of the Debian-Image !
  • click on weiter
  • wait until you get the eMail from Strato that the reinstallation is finished.

STEP 2
Update the Debian Sarge Image
  • login your server as root by Putty
  • copy here the code and paste it in Putty
  • follow the instructions
Code:
apt-get update
If you´re asked that you want to stop now, ´cause a new kernell will be installed answer with no.
But don´t forget to reboot your server after this upgrade.
Code:
apt-get dist-upgrade
Code:
apt-get upgrade
(If someone said, that this is to much update and -grade, let me first answer:
I try it many times and it works everytime a little bit other - and rather one time often than one time too little.)


STEP 3
Add some more nameservers
  • open and edit the file /etc/resolv.conf
  • add some more nameservers (only if you want)
Code:
nameserver 81.169.163.104
nameserver 81.169.163.106
search serverkompetenz.net
nameserver ip.number.from.another
STEP 4
Setting the hostname
Instead of server1.example.com put in your real serverdomain (h12345.serverkompetenz.net)
Code:
echo server1.example.com > /etc/hostname
/bin/hostname -F /etc/hostname
STEP 5
Install needed and missing software and remove unneeded software
Code:
apt-get install make gcc wget flex bzip2 rdate fetchmail libdb3++-dev unzip zip ncftp xlispstat libarchive-zip-perl zlib1g-dev libpopt-dev nmap openssl lynx fileutils
Answer the questions with the default answers.
Code:
update-rc.d -f exim remove
update-inetd --remove daytime
update-inetd --remove telnet
update-inetd --remove time
update-inetd --remove finger
update-inetd --remove talk
update-inetd --remove ntalk
update-inetd --remove ftp
update-inetd --remove discard
/etc/init.d/inetd reload
STEP 6
Install and configure quota
Code:
apt-get install quota quotatool
Answer the question with no.
  • open and edit the file /etc/fstab
Code:
# /etc/fstab: static file system information.
#
# file system     mount point    type     options                  dump pass
/dev/sda1         /boot          ext2     nosuid,nodev             0    2
/dev/sda2         none           swap     sw                       0    0
/dev/sda3         /              ext3     defaults,errors=remount-ro,usrquota,grpquota 0       1
proc              /proc          proc     defaults                 0    0
  • run the following steps:
Code:
touch /quota.user /quota.group
chmod 600 /quota.*
mount -o remount /
quotacheck -avugm
quotaon -avug
STEP 7
Install and configure bind9 the DNS-Server
Code:
apt-get install bind9
/etc/init.d/bind9 stop
  • open and edit the file /etc/default/bind9
Code:
OPTIONS="-u bind -t /var/lib/named"
  • run the following steps:
Code:
mkdir -p /var/lib/named/etc
mkdir /var/lib/named/dev
mkdir -p /var/lib/named/var/cache/bind
mkdir -p /var/lib/named/var/run/bind/run
mv /etc/bind /var/lib/named/etc
ln -s /var/lib/named/etc/bind /etc/bind
mknod /var/lib/named/dev/null c 1 3
mknod /var/lib/named/dev/random c 1 8
chmod 666 /var/lib/named/dev/null /var/lib/named/dev/random
chown -R bind:bind /var/lib/named/var/*
chown -R bind:bind /var/lib/named/etc/bind
  • open and edit the file /etc/init.d/sysklogd.
    But only the line SYSLOGD=""
Code:
SYSLOGD="-a /var/lib/named/dev/log"
  • run the following steps:
Code:
/etc/init.d/sysklogd restart
/etc/init.d/bind9 start
  • open and check the file /var/log/syslog for any errors in the last few lines.

STEP 8
Install and configure MySQL
Code:
apt-get install mysql-server mysql-client libmysqlclient12-dev
mysqladmin -u root password replacethiswithyourrootmysqlpassword
netstat -tap
Now you should see something like:
tcp 0 0 localhost:mysql *:* LISTEN 3133/mysqld


STEP 9
Install and configure Postfix the mail-server with POP3/IMAP
  • run the following steps:
Code:
apt-get install postfix postfix-tls procmail libsasl2 sasl2-bin libsasl2-modules ipopd-ssl uw-imapd-ssl
Answer the questions in following steps:
  • yes
  • pop3 and pop3s
  • no
  • imap2/imaps
  • no
  • Internet Site
  • NONE
  • h12345.serverkompetenz.net
  • h12345.serverkompetenz.net, localhost.serverkompetenz.net, localhost
  • no
  • 127.0.0.0/8
  • 0
  • +
  • yes
Run the following steps:
Code:
postconf -e 'smtpd_sasl_local_domain ='
postconf -e 'smtpd_sasl_auth_enable = yes'
postconf -e 'smtpd_sasl_security_options = noanonymous'
postconf -e 'broken_sasl_auth_clients = yes'
postconf -e 'smtpd_recipient_restrictions = permit_sasl_authenticated,permit_mynetworks,reject_unauth_destination'
postconf -e 'inet_interfaces = all'
echo 'pwcheck_method: saslauthd' >> /etc/postfix/sasl/smtpd.conf
echo 'mech_list: plain login' >> /etc/postfix/sasl/smtpd.conf
For secure email-transport run the following steps:
Code:
mkdir /etc/postfix/ssl
cd /etc/postfix/ssl/
openssl genrsa -des3 -rand /etc/hosts -out smtpd.key 1024
chmod 600 smtpd.key
openssl req -new -key smtpd.key -out smtpd.csr
openssl x509 -req -days 3650 -in smtpd.csr -signkey smtpd.key -out smtpd.crt
openssl rsa -in smtpd.key -out smtpd.key.unencrypted
mv -f smtpd.key.unencrypted smtpd.key
openssl req -new -x509 -extensions v3_ca -keyout cakey.pem -out cacert.pem -days 3650
answer all the questions
Code:
postconf -e 'smtpd_tls_auth_only = no'
postconf -e 'smtp_use_tls = yes'
postconf -e 'smtpd_use_tls = yes'
postconf -e 'smtp_tls_note_starttls_offer = yes'
postconf -e 'smtpd_tls_key_file = /etc/postfix/ssl/smtpd.key'
postconf -e 'smtpd_tls_cert_file = /etc/postfix/ssl/smtpd.crt'
postconf -e 'smtpd_tls_CAfile = /etc/postfix/ssl/cacert.pem'
postconf -e 'smtpd_tls_loglevel = 1'
postconf -e 'smtpd_tls_received_header = yes'
postconf -e 'smtpd_tls_session_cache_timeout = 3600s'
postconf -e 'tls_random_source = dev:/dev/urandom'

/etc/init.d/postfix restart

mkdir -p /var/spool/postfix/var/run/saslauthd
  • open and edit the file /etc/default/saslauthd that it looks like this:
Code:
# This needs to be uncommented before saslauthd will be run automatically
START=yes

PARAMS="-m /var/spool/postfix/var/run/saslauthd -r"

# You must specify the authentication mechanisms you wish to use.
# This defaults to "pam" for PAM support, but may also include
# "shadow" or "sasldb", like this:
# MECHANISMS="pam shadow"

MECHANISMS="pam"
  • open file /etc/init.d/saslauthd and edit the PIDFILE-Entry that it looks like this:
Code:
PIDFILE="/var/spool/postfix/var/run/${NAME}/saslauthd.pid"
Run the following step:
Code:
/etc/init.d/saslauthd start
Create the new file /etc/c-client.cf with following content:
Code:
I accept the risk
set disable-plaintext 0
Run the following few steps:
Code:
/etc/init.d/inetd restart
telnet localhost 25
quit
If you can see the lines
250-STARTTLS
250-AUTH LOGIN PLAIN

everything is fine.


STEP 10
Install and configure Courier for Maildir-support
Run the following step:
Code:
apt-get install courier-imap courier-imap-ssl courier-pop courier-pop-ssl
Answer the questions in following steps:
  • no
  • Maildir (ok)
  • OK
Run the following steps:
Code:
postconf -e 'home_mailbox = Maildir/'
postconf -e 'mailbox_command ='
/etc/init.d/postfix restart
Don´t forget to enable the Maildir-Support in ISPConfig-Menu !

Last edited by TobiasTM; 13th October 2006 at 00:01.
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