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n!x 23rd October 2005 22:38

Editing /etc/hosts
 
I'm trying to set up a mail server using this guide.

But i'm a bit confused about the /etc/hosts. Here's what's confusing me:

Code:

                    (1)                        (2)                    (3)
              192.168.0.100            server1.example.com            server1

(1) The first thing is my LAN IP address which is 10.0.0.2 on my server.

(2) The next thing is confusing. Let's say i'm hosting this domain on my Ubuntu box www.123.com and my mailaddress should look something mail@123.com.
What should the "server1.example.com" look like in my case?

(3) This make a bit sense to me (alias, wright?)

Thanks - hope not that this is a too stupid question

/n!x

falko 24th October 2005 00:26

Quote:

Originally Posted by n!x
(2) The next thing is confusing. Let's say i'm hosting this domain on my Ubuntu box www.123.com and my mailaddress should look something mail@123.com.
What should the "server1.example.com" look like in my case?

This has nothing to do with the domains you want to host on your server. You can still use server1.example.com or server1.123.com or h6535.anyotherdomain.com.

themachine 25th October 2005 00:34

The /etc/hosts file simply maps IPs to hostnames. If you look in your '/etc/nsswitch.conf' file, you'll see lines similar to:

Code:

hosts: files dns
ip_nodes: files dns
networks: dns

...etc. So, looking at that example... if you ping a host it will look for the hostname in /etc/hosts first, and if it doesn't find anything it will query dns.

To answer your question, 'server1.example.com' and 'server1' are both hostnames that point to 192.168.0.100. You could list as many names as you like this way. So I could 'ping server1' and it will ping 192.168.0.100... or I could 'ping server1.example.com' and it will also ping 192.168.0.100.


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