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dirk 11th May 2005 13:09

Postfix Header Checks

I've read that Postfix can perform certain actions on emails based on the contents of the email header (header checks). How do I make my Postfix act like that? For example, I want Postfix to delete all emails that have a spam score (from SpamAssassin) of 15 or more. The header of such emails contains a line like this:


X-Spam-Level: ***************


falko 12th May 2005 18:07

Here's a small introduction on Postfix header (and body) checks:

Basically you have to do something like this:

postconf -e 'header_checks = regexp:/etc/postfix/header_checks'
Now create the file /etc/postfix/header_checks and put something like this into it:

/^X-Spam-Level: \*{15,}.*/      DISCARD
DISCARD will delete all messages with a spam score of 15 and above. You can choose another action than DISCARD, they are listed in the link I posted at the beginning.

Finally, restart Postfix:

/etc/init.d/postfix restart

dirk 13th May 2005 16:10

Thanks, Falko.
For the REDIRECT action, I need Postfix 2.1 or above?


falko 24th May 2005 11:28

Yes, that's true, the REDIRECT action is new in Postfix 2.1.

Icaro 11th March 2009 12:26

I'm having problems with REDIRECT action in header_checks.
My postfix is version 2.3.8-2+etch1.

In my I have:

header_checks = regexp:/etc/postfix/header_checks

And the "header_checks" file:

/^To: .*@(?!mydomain\.com>)/ REDIRECT

The problem is that the emails are not being redirected, only rejected.
also if I put REJECT "message" instead of REDIRECT the message I put in the REJECT action doesn't appear in the it seems this actions doesn't work well...

Anyone can help me with this?

Thanks in advance and excuse my english.

falko 12th March 2009 17:49


Originally Posted by Icaro (Post 174677)
The problem is that the emails are not being redirected, only rejected.

What's in your mail log when this happens?

Icaro 12th March 2009 18:28

Hi Falko, thanks for the reply. This appears in my log:

Mar 12 17:22:51 mail postfix/smtpd[7132]: NOQUEUE: reject: RCPT from[]: 554 5.7.1 <>: Relay access denied; from=<> to=<> proto=ESMTP helo=<RNPABFF9A>

Icaro 13th March 2009 10:52

Falko, I found the error. The regular expression is not working. The message was rejected due to authentication problems. Once I solved these problems the message is sended so the problem I have now is that my regular expression is not working.

In the log I see lots of messages like this:

Mar 11 16:23:43 mail postfix/cleanup[21225]: warning: regexp map /etc/postfix/header_checks, line 2: Invalid preceding regular expression

And the header_checks file is:

/^From: .*printer@mydomain\.com>/ OK
/^To: .*@(?!mydomain\.com>)/ REDIRECT

Do you know what's wrong with this file, I'm trying that can't send emails outside of mydomain.

Thans again.

sjau 30th May 2010 14:38

Hmmmm, I'm also currently looking into that. Is there a way to REJECT all emails in which a given string occurs in any of the headers? This far I can only see examples that check specific headers.

Would this work:

*some_string* REJECT?

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