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-   -   How install a Linux Software-RAID 1 on Debian Squeeze using mdadm? (http://www.howtoforge.com/forums/showthread.php?t=59765)

Loo 2nd December 2012 13:17

How install a Linux Software-RAID 1 on Debian Squeeze using mdadm?
 
Hello members, how can I install a Linux Software-RAID 1 on Debian Squeeze using mdadm (2 disks: sda sdb)? On google and a lot of linux sites I can find just old tutorials that do not work or destined for a LVM System.

Can anybody help as so far, im not doing very well, appreciated if you can help. Louis

Loo 3rd December 2012 09:38

I didn't find the solution to this problem, I try many old tutorials and in a haphazard way.

Did you think it's cool to install my Open Virtuozzo setup now and build the software RAID 1 when a tutorial is available in the World Wide Web for this? Works this or is that too risky?

falko 3rd December 2012 10:44

Here's the tutorial for non-LVM systems: http://www.howtoforge.com/how-to-set...debian-squeeze

Loo 3rd December 2012 11:25

-.- phew


I'm sorry, next time I don't use the google search to find tutorials on your site ("site:howtoforge.com debian 6 software raid"). Thanks.

Loo 4th December 2012 05:30

Sorry for another posting today, but I got a problem. I get the following error:
"You cannot change a partition into an extended one or vice versa. Delete it first." in 2008 you said this, I change it correctly (probably) but it's not work.

Now I notice this on a fully fresh Debian 6 64 Bit System without any manual changes:

Code:

root@nl:~# df -h
Filesystem            Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
/dev/mapper/nl-root  455G  736M  431G  1% /
tmpfs                1007M    0 1007M  0% /lib/init/rw
udev                1001M  132K 1001M  1% /dev
tmpfs                1007M    0 1007M  0% /dev/shm
/dev/sda1            228M  16M  200M  8% /boot
root@nl:~#

Code:

root@nl:~# fdisk -l

Disk /dev/sda: 500.1 GB, 500107862016 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 60801 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x00018c21

  Device Boot      Start        End      Blocks  Id  System
/dev/sda1  *          1          32      248832  83  Linux
Partition 1 does not end on cylinder boundary.
/dev/sda2              32      60802  488134657    5  Extended
/dev/sda5              32      60802  488134656  8e  Linux LVM

Disk /dev/sdb: 500.1 GB, 500107862016 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 60801 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x00000000

  Device Boot      Start        End      Blocks  Id  System
/dev/sdb1  *          1          32      248832  fd  Linux raid autodetect
Partition 1 does not end on cylinder boundary.
/dev/sdb2              32      60802  488134657    5  Extended
/dev/sdb5              32      60802  488134656  fd  Linux raid autodetect

Disk /dev/md0: 254 MB, 254791680 bytes
2 heads, 4 sectors/track, 62205 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 8 * 512 = 4096 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x00000000

Disk /dev/md0 doesn't contain a valid partition table

Disk /dev/dm-0: 495.7 GB, 495724789760 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 60268 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x00000000

Disk /dev/dm-0 doesn't contain a valid partition table

Disk /dev/dm-1: 4123 MB, 4123000832 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 501 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes

Disk identifier: 0x00000000

Disk /dev/dm-1 doesn't contain a valid partition table
root@nl:~#

Code:

root@nl:~# cat /proc/mdstat
Personalities : [raid1]
md0 : active (auto-read-only) raid1 sdb1[1]
      248820 blocks super 1.2 [2/1] [_U]

unused devices: <none>
root@nl:~#

mdadm was already installed, it's a pre-installed RAID 1 or? The support says explicitly that RAID software would not be automatically installed, so I ask you... :)

falko 4th December 2012 20:44

Looks like your /boot partition is using RAID1, but it's a degraded array (it's only using /dev/sdb1, and /dev/sda1 is missing).

BTW, your system is using LVM, so you must use the LVM tutorial.

Loo 5th December 2012 14:20

Oh, o.k. seems a little bit complicated. I now try the LVM setup for many hours but it fails (even if I change or skipping steps, in any case). My hoster offers Debian unfortunately not without this, it is possible that I clean remove the /boot partition RAID1 or it is permanently? I think then would work your tutorial.


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