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-   -   Can't start PHPFPM (http://www.howtoforge.com/forums/showthread.php?t=59632)

Snow 19th November 2012 06:35

Can't start PHPFPM
 
I get this issue:

Code:

Starting php-fpm [18-Nov-2012 23:13:48] WARNING: Nothing matches the include pattern '/opt/php-5.3.18/etc/pool.d/*.conf' from /opt/php-5.3.18/etc/php-fpm.conf at line 509.
................................... failed

I've read that the warning is normal, because I haven't run it before.

I can't figure out why it fails.

I've been following the tutorial down to the letter, found on this site:
This is my /opt/php-5.3.18/etc/php-fpm.conf
Do you see anything wrong?

Code:

;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
; FPM Configuration ;
;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;

; All relative paths in this configuration file are relative to PHP's install
; prefix (/opt/php-5.3.18). This prefix can be dynamicaly changed by using the
; '-p' argument from the command line.

; Include one or more files. If glob(3) exists, it is used to include a bunch of
; files from a glob(3) pattern. This directive can be used everywhere in the
; file.
; Relative path can also be used. They will be prefixed by:
;  - the global prefix if it's been set (-p arguement)
;  - /opt/php-5.3.18 otherwise
;include=etc/fpm.d/*.conf

;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
; Global Options ;
;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;

[global]
; Pid file
; Note: the default prefix is /opt/php-5.3.18/var
; Default Value: none
;pid = run/php-fpm.pid

; Error log file
; If it's set to "syslog", log is sent to syslogd instead of being written
; in a local file.
; Note: the default prefix is /opt/php-5.3.18/var
; Default Value: log/php-fpm.log
;error_log = log/php-fpm.log

; syslog_facility is used to specify what type of program is logging the
; message. This lets syslogd specify that messages from different facilities
; will be handled differently.
; See syslog(3) for possible values (ex daemon equiv LOG_DAEMON)
; Default Value: daemon
;syslog.facility = daemon

; syslog_ident is prepended to every message. If you have multiple FPM
; instances running on the same server, you can change the default value
; which must suit common needs.
; Default Value: php-fpm
;syslog.ident = php-fpm

; Log level
; Possible Values: alert, error, warning, notice, debug
; Default Value: notice
;log_level = notice

; If this number of child processes exit with SIGSEGV or SIGBUS within the time
; interval set by emergency_restart_interval then FPM will restart. A value
; of '0' means 'Off'.
; Default Value: 0
;emergency_restart_threshold = 0

; Interval of time used by emergency_restart_interval to determine when
; a graceful restart will be initiated.  This can be useful to work around
; accidental corruptions in an accelerator's shared memory.
; Available Units: s(econds), m(inutes), h(ours), or d(ays)
; Default Unit: seconds
; Default Value: 0
;emergency_restart_interval = 0

; Time limit for child processes to wait for a reaction on signals from master.
; Available units: s(econds), m(inutes), h(ours), or d(ays)
; Default Unit: seconds
; Default Value: 0
;process_control_timeout = 0

; The maximum number of processes FPM will fork. This has been design to control
; the global number of processes when using dynamic PM within a lot of pools.
; Use it with caution.
; Note: A value of 0 indicates no limit
; Default Value: 0
; process.max = 128

; Specify the nice(2) priority to apply to the master process (only if set)
; The value can vary from -19 (highest priority) to 20 (lower priority)
; Note: - It will only work if the FPM master process is launched as root
;      - The pool process will inherit the master process priority
;        unless it specified otherwise
; Default Value: no set
; process.priority = -19

; Send FPM to background. Set to 'no' to keep FPM in foreground for debugging.
; Default Value: yes
;daemonize = yes

; Set open file descriptor rlimit for the master process.
; Default Value: system defined value
;rlimit_files = 1024

; Set max core size rlimit for the master process.
; Possible Values: 'unlimited' or an integer greater or equal to 0
; Default Value: system defined value
;rlimit_core = 0

; Specify the event mechanism FPM will use. The following is available:
; - select    (any POSIX os)
; - poll      (any POSIX os)
; - epoll      (linux >= 2.5.44)
; - kqueue    (FreeBSD >= 4.1, OpenBSD >= 2.9, NetBSD >= 2.0)
; - /dev/poll  (Solaris >= 7)
; - port      (Solaris >= 10)
; Default Value: not set (auto detection)
; events.mechanism = epoll

;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
; Pool Definitions ;
;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;

; Multiple pools of child processes may be started with different listening
; ports and different management options.  The name of the pool will be
; used in logs and stats. There is no limitation on the number of pools which
; FPM can handle. Your system will tell you anyway :)

; Start a new pool named 'www'.
; the variable $pool can we used in any directive and will be replaced by the
; pool name ('www' here)
[www]

; Per pool prefix
; It only applies on the following directives:
; - 'slowlog'
; - 'listen' (unixsocket)
; - 'chroot'
; - 'chdir'
; - 'php_values'
; - 'php_admin_values'
; When not set, the global prefix (or /opt/php-5.3.18) applies instead.
; Note: This directive can also be relative to the global prefix.
; Default Value: none
;prefix = /path/to/pools/$pool

; Unix user/group of processes
; Note: The user is mandatory. If the group is not set, the default user's group
;      will be used.
user = www-data
group = www-data

; The address on which to accept FastCGI requests.
; Valid syntaxes are:
;  'ip.add.re.ss:port'    - to listen on a TCP socket to a specific address on
;                            a specific port;
;  'port'                - to listen on a TCP socket to all addresses on a
;                            specific port;
;  '/path/to/unix/socket' - to listen on a unix socket.
; Note: This value is mandatory.
listen = 127.0.0.1:8999
; Default Value: 128 (-1 on FreeBSD and OpenBSD)
;listen.backlog = -1

; Set permissions for unix socket, if one is used. In Linux, read/write
; permissions must be set in order to allow connections from a web server. Many
; BSD-derived systems allow connections regardless of permissions.
; Default Values: user and group are set as the running user
;                mode is set to 0666
;listen.owner = www-data
;listen.group = www-data
;listen.mode = 0666

; List of ipv4 addresses of FastCGI clients which are allowed to connect.
; Equivalent to the FCGI_WEB_SERVER_ADDRS environment variable in the original
; PHP FCGI (5.2.2+). Makes sense only with a tcp listening socket. Each address
; must be separated by a comma. If this value is left blank, connections will be
; accepted from any ip address.
; Default Value: any
;listen.allowed_clients = 127.0.0.1

; Specify the nice(2) priority to apply to the pool processes (only if set)
; The value can vary from -19 (highest priority) to 20 (lower priority)
; Note: - It will only work if the FPM master process is launched as root
;      - The pool processes will inherit the master process priority
;        unless it specified otherwise
; Default Value: no set
; priority = -19

; Choose how the process manager will control the number of child processes.
; Possible Values:
;  static  - a fixed number (pm.max_children) of child processes;
;  dynamic - the number of child processes are set dynamically based on the
;            following directives. With this process management, there will be
;            always at least 1 children.
;            pm.max_children      - the maximum number of children that can
;                                    be alive at the same time.
;            pm.start_servers    - the number of children created on startup.
;            pm.min_spare_servers - the minimum number of children in 'idle'
;                                    state (waiting to process). If the number
;                                    of 'idle' processes is less than this
;                                    number then some children will be created.
;            pm.max_spare_servers - the maximum number of children in 'idle'
;                                    state (waiting to process). If the number
;                                    of 'idle' processes is greater than this
;                                    number then some children will be killed.
;  ondemand - no children are created at startup. Children will be forked when
;            new requests will connect. The following parameter are used:
;            pm.max_children          - the maximum number of children that
;                                        can be alive at the same time.
;            pm.process_idle_timeout  - The number of seconds after which
;                                        an idle process will be killed.
; Note: This value is mandatory.
pm = dynamic

; The number of child processes to be created when pm is set to 'static' and the
; maximum number of child processes when pm is set to 'dynamic' or 'ondemand'.
; This value sets the limit on the number of simultaneous requests that will be
; served. Equivalent to the ApacheMaxClients directive with mpm_prefork.
; Equivalent to the PHP_FCGI_CHILDREN environment variable in the original PHP
; CGI. The below defaults are based on a server without much resources. Don't
; forget to tweak pm.* to fit your needs.
; Note: Used when pm is set to 'static', 'dynamic' or 'ondemand'
; Note: This value is mandatory.
pm.max_children = 5

; The number of child processes created on startup.
; Note: Used only when pm is set to 'dynamic'
; Default Value: min_spare_servers + (max_spare_servers - min_spare_servers) / 2
pm.start_servers = 2

; The desired minimum number of idle server processes.
; Note: Used only when pm is set to 'dynamic'
; Note: Mandatory when pm is set to 'dynamic'
pm.min_spare_servers = 1

; The desired maximum number of idle server processes.
; Note: Used only when pm is set to 'dynamic'
; Note: Mandatory when pm is set to 'dynamic'
pm.max_spare_servers = 3

; The number of seconds after which an idle process will be killed.
; Note: Used only when pm is set to 'ondemand'
; Default Value: 10s
;pm.process_idle_timeout = 10s;

; The number of requests each child process should execute before respawning.
; This can be useful to work around memory leaks in 3rd party libraries. For
; endless request processing specify '0'. Equivalent to PHP_FCGI_MAX_REQUESTS.
; Default Value: 0
;pm.max_requests = 500

; The URI to view the FPM status page. If this value is not set, no URI will be
; recognized as a status page. It shows the following informations:
;  pool                - the name of the pool;
;  process manager      - static, dynamic or ondemand;
;  start time          - the date and time FPM has started;
;  start since          - number of seconds since FPM has started;
;  accepted conn        - the number of request accepted by the pool;
;  listen queue        - the number of request in the queue of pending
;                          connections (see backlog in listen(2));
;  max listen queue    - the maximum number of requests in the queue
;                          of pending connections since FPM has started;
;  listen queue len    - the size of the socket queue of pending connections;
;  idle processes      - the number of idle processes;
;  active processes    - the number of active processes;
;  total processes      - the number of idle + active processes;
;  max active processes - the maximum number of active processes since FPM
;                          has started;
;  max children reached - number of times, the process limit has been reached,
;                          when pm tries to start more children (works only for
;                          pm 'dynamic' and 'ondemand');
; Value are updated in real time.
; Example output:
;  pool:                www
;  process manager:      static
;  start time:          01/Jul/2011:17:53:49 +0200
;  start since:          62636
;  accepted conn:        190460
;  listen queue:        0
;  max listen queue:    1
;  listen queue len:    42
;  idle processes:      4
;  active processes:    11
;  total processes:      15
;  max active processes: 12
;  max children reached: 0
;
; By default the status page output is formatted as text/plain. Passing either
; 'html', 'xml' or 'json' in the query string will return the corresponding
; output syntax. Example:
;  http://www.foo.bar/status
;  http://www.foo.bar/status?json
;  http://www.foo.bar/status?html
;  http://www.foo.bar/status?xml
;
; By default the status page only outputs short status. Passing 'full' in the
; query string will also return status for each pool process.
; Example:
;  http://www.foo.bar/status?full
;  http://www.foo.bar/status?json&full
;  http://www.foo.bar/status?html&full
;  http://www.foo.bar/status?xml&full
; The Full status returns for each process:
;  pid                  - the PID of the process;
;  state                - the state of the process (Idle, Running, ...);
;  start time          - the date and time the process has started;
;  start since          - the number of seconds since the process has started;
;  requests            - the number of requests the process has served;
;  request duration    - the duration in ┬Ás of the requests;
;  request method      - the request method (GET, POST, ...);
;  request URI          - the request URI with the query string;
;  content length      - the content length of the request (only with POST);
;  user                - the user (PHP_AUTH_USER) (or '-' if not set);
;  script              - the main script called (or '-' if not set);
;  last request cpu    - the %cpu the last request consumed
;                          it's always 0 if the process is not in Idle state
;                          because CPU calculation is done when the request
;                          processing has terminated;
;  last request memory  - the max amount of memory the last request consumed
;                          it's always 0 if the process is not in Idle state
;                          because memory calculation is done when the request
;                          processing has terminated;
; If the process is in Idle state, then informations are related to the
; last request the process has served. Otherwise informations are related to
; the current request being served.
; Example output:
;  ************************
;  pid:                  31330
;  state:                Running
;  start time:          01/Jul/2011:17:53:49 +0200
;  start since:          63087
;  requests:            12808
;  request duration:    1250261
;  request method:      GET
;  request URI:          /test_mem.php?N=10000
;  content length:      0
;  user:                -
;  script:              /home/fat/web/docs/php/test_mem.php
;  last request cpu:    0.00
;  last request memory:  0
;
; Note: There is a real-time FPM status monitoring sample web page available
;      It's available in: /opt/php-5.3.18/share/php/fpm/status.html
;
; Note: The value must start with a leading slash (/). The value can be
;      anything, but it may not be a good idea to use the .php extension or it
;      may conflict with a real PHP file.
; Default Value: not set
;pm.status_path = /status

; The ping URI to call the monitoring page of FPM. If this value is not set, no
; URI will be recognized as a ping page. This could be used to test from outside
; that FPM is alive and responding, or to
; - create a graph of FPM availability (rrd or such);
; - remove a server from a group if it is not responding (load balancing);
; - trigger alerts for the operating team (24/7).
; Note: The value must start with a leading slash (/). The value can be
;      anything, but it may not be a good idea to use the .php extension or it
;      may conflict with a real PHP file.
; Default Value: not set
;ping.path = /ping

; This directive may be used to customize the response of a ping request. The
; response is formatted as text/plain with a 200 response code.
; Default Value: pong
;ping.response = pong

; The access log file
; Default: not set
;access.log = log/$pool.access.log

; The access log format.
; The following syntax is allowed
;  %%: the '%' character
;  %C: %CPU used by the request
;      it can accept the following format:
;      - %{user}C for user CPU only
;      - %{system}C for system CPU only
;      - %{total}C  for user + system CPU (default)
;  %d: time taken to serve the request
;      it can accept the following format:
;      - %{seconds}d (default)
;      - %{miliseconds}d
;      - %{mili}d
;      - %{microseconds}d
;      - %{micro}d
;  %e: an environment variable (same as $_ENV or $_SERVER)
;      it must be associated with embraces to specify the name of the env
;      variable. Some exemples:
;      - server specifics like: %{REQUEST_METHOD}e or %{SERVER_PROTOCOL}e
;      - HTTP headers like: %{HTTP_HOST}e or %{HTTP_USER_AGENT}e
;  %f: script filename
;  %l: content-length of the request (for POST request only)
;  %m: request method
;  %M: peak of memory allocated by PHP
;      it can accept the following format:
;      - %{bytes}M (default)
;      - %{kilobytes}M
;      - %{kilo}M
;      - %{megabytes}M
;      - %{mega}M
;  %n: pool name
;  %o: ouput header
;      it must be associated with embraces to specify the name of the header:
;      - %{Content-Type}o
;      - %{X-Powered-By}o
;      - %{Transfert-Encoding}o
;      - ....
;  %p: PID of the child that serviced the request
;  %P: PID of the parent of the child that serviced the request
;  %q: the query string
;  %Q: the '?' character if query string exists
;  %r: the request URI (without the query string, see %q and %Q)
;  %R: remote IP address
;  %s: status (response code)
;  %t: server time the request was received
;      it can accept a strftime(3) format:
;      %d/%b/%Y:%H:%M:%S %z (default)
;  %T: time the log has been written (the request has finished)
;      it can accept a strftime(3) format:
;      %d/%b/%Y:%H:%M:%S %z (default)
;  %u: remote user
;
; Default: "%R - %u %t \"%m %r\" %s"
;access.format = "%R - %u %t \"%m %r%Q%q\" %s %f %{mili}d %{kilo}M %C%%"

; The log file for slow requests
; Default Value: not set
; Note: slowlog is mandatory if request_slowlog_timeout is set
;slowlog = log/$pool.log.slow

; The timeout for serving a single request after which a PHP backtrace will be
; dumped to the 'slowlog' file. A value of '0s' means 'off'.
; Available units: s(econds)(default), m(inutes), h(ours), or d(ays)
; Default Value: 0
;request_slowlog_timeout = 0

; The timeout for serving a single request after which the worker process will
; be killed. This option should be used when the 'max_execution_time' ini option
; does not stop script execution for some reason. A value of '0' means 'off'.
; Available units: s(econds)(default), m(inutes), h(ours), or d(ays)
; Default Value: 0
;request_terminate_timeout = 0

; Set open file descriptor rlimit.
; Default Value: system defined value
;rlimit_files = 1024

; Set max core size rlimit.
; Possible Values: 'unlimited' or an integer greater or equal to 0
; Default Value: system defined value
;rlimit_core = 0

; Chroot to this directory at the start. This value must be defined as an
; absolute path. When this value is not set, chroot is not used.
; Note: you can prefix with '$prefix' to chroot to the pool prefix or one
; of its subdirectories. If the pool prefix is not set, the global prefix
; will be used instead.
; Note: chrooting is a great security feature and should be used whenever
;      possible. However, all PHP paths will be relative to the chroot
;      (error_log, sessions.save_path, ...).
; Default Value: not set
;chroot =

; Chdir to this directory at the start.
; Note: relative path can be used.
; Default Value: current directory or / when chroot
;chdir = /var/www

; Redirect worker stdout and stderr into main error log. If not set, stdout and
; stderr will be redirected to /dev/null according to FastCGI specs.
; Note: on highloaded environement, this can cause some delay in the page
; process time (several ms).
; Default Value: no
;catch_workers_output = yes

; Limits the extensions of the main script FPM will allow to parse. This can
; prevent configuration mistakes on the web server side. You should only limit
; FPM to .php extensions to prevent malicious users to use other extensions to
; exectute php code.
; Note: set an empty value to allow all extensions.
; Default Value: .php
;security.limit_extensions = .php .php3 .php4 .php5

; Pass environment variables like LD_LIBRARY_PATH. All $VARIABLEs are taken from
; the current environment.
; Default Value: clean env
;env[HOSTNAME] = $HOSTNAME
;env[PATH] = /usr/local/bin:/usr/bin:/bin
;env[TMP] = /tmp
;env[TMPDIR] = /tmp
;env[TEMP] = /tmp

; Additional php.ini defines, specific to this pool of workers. These settings
; overwrite the values previously defined in the php.ini. The directives are the
; same as the PHP SAPI:
;  php_value/php_flag            - you can set classic ini defines which can
;                                    be overwritten from PHP call 'ini_set'.
;  php_admin_value/php_admin_flag - these directives won't be overwritten by
;                                    PHP call 'ini_set'
; For php_*flag, valid values are on, off, 1, 0, true, false, yes or no.

; Defining 'extension' will load the corresponding shared extension from
; extension_dir. Defining 'disable_functions' or 'disable_classes' will not
; overwrite previously defined php.ini values, but will append the new value
; instead.

; Note: path INI options can be relative and will be expanded with the prefix
; (pool, global or /opt/php-5.3.18)

; Default Value: nothing is defined by default except the values in php.ini and
;                specified at startup with the -d argument
;php_admin_value[sendmail_path] = /usr/sbin/sendmail -t -i -f www@my.domain.com
;php_flag[display_errors] = off
;php_admin_value[error_log] = /var/log/fpm-php.www.log
;php_admin_flag[log_errors] = on
;php_admin_value[memory_limit] = 32M
include=/opt/php-5.3.18/etc/pool.d/*.conf

=UPDATE=

Tried rebooting several times in hope it might need to be refreshed in some way..

I now get this when trying to start it.

Code:

root@pride:/home/moderator# /etc/init.d/php-5.3.18-fpm start
Starting php-fpm [19-Nov-2012 00:00:02] WARNING: Nothing matches the include pattern '/opt/php-5.3.18/etc/pool.d/*.conf' from /opt/php-5.3.18/etc/php-fpm.conf at line 509.
[19-Nov-2012 00:00:02] ERROR: unable to bind listening socket for address '127.0.0.1:8999': Address already in use (98)
[19-Nov-2012 00:00:02] ERROR: FPM initialization failed
 failed
root@pride:/home/moderator#

&Another Update&

I attempted to change the listening port to 8998 instead.

Code:

root@pride:/home/moderator# vi /opt/php-5.3.18/etc/php-fpm.conf
root@pride:/home/moderator# /etc/init.d/php-5.3.18-fpm start
Starting php-fpm [19-Nov-2012 01:43:58] WARNING: Nothing matches the include pattern '/opt/php-5.3.18/etc/pool.d/*.conf' from /opt/php-5.3.18/etc/php-fpm.conf at line 509.
................................... failed
root@pride:/home/moderator#

Still not sure what to do...

falko 19th November 2012 14:03

Please uncomment the following line:
Code:

;pid = run/php-fpm.pid

Snow 19th November 2012 14:27

I think that worked:

Code:

Starting php-fpm [19-Nov-2012 07:16:39] WARNING: Nothing matches the include pattern '/opt/php-5.3.18/etc/pool.d/*.conf' from /opt/php-5.3.18/etc/php-fpm.conf at line 509.
 done
root@pride:/home/moderator#

Cheers!
Follow-up question:

If I go to http://192.168.2.13/ I can see the web server. When I try to access http://192.168.2.13:8080/ as shown in the next step, I am unable to do so. This webpage is not available.

I have this sinking feeling that I am missing something blatantly obvious..

falko 21st November 2012 21:01

Please try https://192.168.2.13:8080/

Snow 26th November 2012 03:30

I tried as you suggested, but the page still cannot be found.

I did copy and paste all the commands from the instructions, I know I didn't ruin the installation of the packages.

Any other suggestions?
I also appreciate all the help, thank you.

falko 26th November 2012 19:20

What are the outputs of
Code:

netstat -tap
and
Code:

iptables -L
?

Snow 27th November 2012 11:08

My output for netstat -tap

Code:

root@pride:/home/moderator# netstat -tap
Active Internet connections (servers and established)
Proto Recv-Q Send-Q Local Address          Foreign Address        State      PID/Program name
tcp        0      0 *:http                  *:*                    LISTEN      1786/apache2
tcp        0      0 *:ssh                  *:*                    LISTEN      796/sshd
tcp        0      0 *:smtp                  *:*                    LISTEN      1720/master
tcp        0      0 *:https                *:*                    LISTEN      1786/apache2
tcp        0      0 *:imaps                *:*                    LISTEN      874/dovecot
tcp        0      0 *:pop3s                *:*                    LISTEN      874/dovecot
tcp        0      0 localhost.localdom:8999 *:*                    LISTEN      1606/php-fpm.conf)
tcp        0      0 localhost.localdo:10024 *:*                    LISTEN      1023/amavisd-new (m
tcp        0      0 *:mysql                *:*                    LISTEN      904/mysqld
tcp        0      0 *:pop3                  *:*                    LISTEN      874/dovecot
tcp        0      0 *:imap2                *:*                    LISTEN      874/dovecot
tcp        0    148 pride.example.com:ssh  192.168.2.12:2208      ESTABLISHED 1856/sshd: moderato
tcp6      0      0 [::]:ssh                [::]:*                  LISTEN      796/sshd
tcp6      0      0 [::]:smtp              [::]:*                  LISTEN      1720/master
tcp6      0      0 [::]:imaps              [::]:*                  LISTEN      874/dovecot
tcp6      0      0 [::]:pop3s              [::]:*                  LISTEN      874/dovecot
tcp6      0      0 [::]:pop3              [::]:*                  LISTEN      874/dovecot
tcp6      0      0 [::]:imap2              [::]:*                  LISTEN      874/dovecot
root@pride:/home/moderator#

My output for iptables -L

Code:

root@pride:/home/moderator# iptables -L
Chain INPUT (policy ACCEPT)
target    prot opt source              destination

Chain FORWARD (policy ACCEPT)
target    prot opt source              destination

Chain OUTPUT (policy ACCEPT)
target    prot opt source              destination
root@pride:/home/moderator#


falko 28th November 2012 18:05

Please restart Apache and try again. There's nothing running on port 8080...

Snow 28th November 2012 18:09

Same thing after restart.

Yeah, I don't see anything listening on 8080. Do you think one of the packages failed to install? What should I do at this point?

falko 30th November 2012 17:00

Seems to be the case. Please try to install ISPConfig again and post any error you get here.


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