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-   -   Outgoing mail : User unknown in virtual mailbox table; (http://www.howtoforge.com/forums/showthread.php?t=58823)

Tramis 22nd September 2012 07:49

Outgoing mail : User unknown in virtual mailbox table;
 
Hi,

I have a problem on my mail web server that i installed based on this post: http://www.howtoforge.com/perfect-se...ot-ispconfig-3.

When i want to send emails to mailboxes out of my domain i got a message : (mail.log)

Code:

Sep 21 20:54:12 mail postfix/smtpd[19056]: connect from unknown[192.168.1.10]
Sep 21 20:54:26 mail postfix/smtpd[19056]: NOQUEUE: reject: RCPT from unknown[192.168.1.10]: 550 5.1.1 <ecipient address rejected: User unknown in virtual mailbox table; from=<xxxxx.yyyyyyy@wanadoo.fr> to=<uuuuuuu.vvvvvvv@wanadoo.fr> proto=ESMTP helo=<NoonPC>
Sep 21 20:54:29 mail postfix/smtpd[19056]: disconnect from unknown[192.168.1.10]

I have 3 PC in lan. One is my mail server, the others two are users's PCs. I have my ISP box on my lan that i use as gateway to go on the internet. I want to use my mail server as IMAP server for the two users and be able to send and receive mails (with POP3 and SMTP) to my mailboxes that i have on other sites (like gmail, msn, ISP ...)

I've followed this post step by step except:
- SSH Server (no use)
- Nano (no use)
- Spamassassin removal (don't see the point in freeing RAM when 4Gb available)
- PureFTP installation (no use)
- Mailman installation (no use)
- Quota (crashed mounting / on boot on last installation)

Here's my /etc/postfix/main.cf :

Code:

# See /usr/share/postfix/main.cf.dist for a commented, more complete version


# Debian specific:  Specifying a file name will cause the first
# line of that file to be used as the name.  The Debian default
# is /etc/mailname.
#myorigin = /etc/mailname

smtpd_banner = $myhostname ESMTP $mail_name (Ubuntu)
biff = no

# appending .domain is the MUA's job.
append_dot_mydomain = no

# Uncomment the next line to generate "delayed mail" warnings
#delay_warning_time = 4h

readme_directory = /usr/share/doc/postfix

# TLS parameters
smtpd_tls_cert_file = /etc/postfix/smtpd.cert
smtpd_tls_key_file = /etc/postfix/smtpd.key
smtpd_use_tls = yes
smtpd_tls_session_cache_database = btree:${data_directory}/smtpd_scache
smtp_tls_session_cache_database = btree:${data_directory}/smtp_scache

# See /usr/share/doc/postfix/TLS_README.gz in the postfix-doc package for
# information on enabling SSL in the smtp client.

myhostname = mail.tramis.org
alias_maps = hash:/etc/aliases, hash:/var/lib/mailman/data/aliases
alias_database = hash:/etc/aliases, hash:/var/lib/mailman/data/aliases
myorigin = /etc/mailname
mydestination = mail.tramis.org, localhost, localhost.localdomain
relayhost =
mynetworks = 127.0.0.0/8 [::1]/128
mailbox_size_limit = 0
recipient_delimiter = +
inet_interfaces = all
html_directory = /usr/share/doc/postfix/html
virtual_alias_domains =
virtual_alias_maps = proxy:mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual_forwardings.cf, proxy:mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual_email2email.cf, hash:/var/lib/mailman/data/virtual-mailman
virtual_mailbox_domains = proxy:mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual_domains.cf
virtual_mailbox_maps = proxy:mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual_mailboxes.cf
virtual_mailbox_base = /var/vmail
virtual_uid_maps = static:5000
virtual_gid_maps = static:5000
smtpd_sasl_auth_enable = yes
broken_sasl_auth_clients = yes
smtpd_sasl_authenticated_header = yes
smtpd_recipient_restrictions = permit_mynetworks, permit_sasl_authenticated, check_recipient_access mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual_recipient.cf, reject_unauth_destination
smtpd_tls_security_level = may
transport_maps = proxy:mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual_transports.cf
relay_domains = mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual_relaydomains.cf
relay_recipient_maps = mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual_relayrecipientmaps.cf
proxy_read_maps = $local_recipient_maps $mydestination $virtual_alias_maps $virtual_alias_domains $virtual_mailbox_maps $virtual_mailbox_domains $relay_recipient_maps $relay_domains $canonical_maps $sender_canonical_maps $recipient_canonical_maps $relocated_maps $transport_maps $mynetworks $virtual_mailbox_limit_maps
smtpd_sender_restrictions = check_sender_access mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual_sender.cf
smtpd_client_restrictions = check_client_access mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual_client.cf
smtpd_client_message_rate_limit = 100
maildrop_destination_concurrency_limit = 1
maildrop_destination_recipient_limit = 1
virtual_transport = dovecot
header_checks = regexp:/etc/postfix/header_checks
mime_header_checks = regexp:/etc/postfix/mime_header_checks
nested_header_checks = regexp:/etc/postfix/nested_header_checks
body_checks = regexp:/etc/postfix/body_checks
owner_request_special = no
dovecot_destination_recipient_limit = 1
smtpd_sasl_type = dovecot
smtpd_sasl_path = private/auth
content_filter = amavis:[127.0.0.1]:10024
receive_override_options = no_address_mappings

Here's my /etc/postfix/master.cf :

Code:

#
# Postfix master process configuration file.  For details on the format
# of the file, see the master(5) manual page (command: "man 5 master").
#
# Do not forget to execute "postfix reload" after editing this file.
#
# ==========================================================================
# service type  private unpriv  chroot  wakeup  maxproc command + args
#              (yes)  (yes)  (yes)  (never) (100)
# ==========================================================================
smtp      inet  n      -      -      -      -      smtpd
#smtp      inet  n      -      -      -      1      postscreen
#smtpd    pass  -      -      -      -      -      smtpd
#dnsblog  unix  -      -      -      -      0      dnsblog
#tlsproxy  unix  -      -      -      -      0      tlsproxy
submission inet n      -      -      -      -      smtpd
  -o syslog_name=postfix/submission
  -o smtpd_tls_security_level=encrypt
  -o smtpd_sasl_auth_enable=yes
  -o smtpd_client_restrictions=permit_sasl_authenticated,reject
#  -o milter_macro_daemon_name=ORIGINATING
smtps    inet  n      -      -      -      -      smtpd
  -o syslog_name=postfix/smtps
  -o smtpd_tls_wrappermode=yes
  -o smtpd_sasl_auth_enable=yes
  -o smtpd_client_restrictions=permit_sasl_authenticated,reject
#  -o milter_macro_daemon_name=ORIGINATING
#628      inet  n      -      -      -      -      qmqpd
pickup    fifo  n      -      -      60      1      pickup
cleanup  unix  n      -      -      -      0      cleanup
qmgr      fifo  n      -      n      300    1      qmgr
#qmgr    fifo  n      -      n      300    1      oqmgr
tlsmgr    unix  -      -      -      1000?  1      tlsmgr
rewrite  unix  -      -      -      -      -      trivial-rewrite
bounce    unix  -      -      -      -      0      bounce
defer    unix  -      -      -      -      0      bounce
trace    unix  -      -      -      -      0      bounce
verify    unix  -      -      -      -      1      verify
flush    unix  n      -      -      1000?  0      flush
proxymap  unix  -      -      n      -      -      proxymap
proxywrite unix -      -      n      -      1      proxymap
smtp      unix  -      -      -      -      -      smtp
relay    unix  -      -      -      -      -      smtp
#      -o smtp_helo_timeout=5 -o smtp_connect_timeout=5
showq    unix  n      -      -      -      -      showq
error    unix  -      -      -      -      -      error
retry    unix  -      -      -      -      -      error
discard  unix  -      -      -      -      -      discard
local    unix  -      n      n      -      -      local
virtual  unix  -      n      n      -      -      virtual
lmtp      unix  -      -      -      -      -      lmtp
anvil    unix  -      -      -      -      1      anvil
scache    unix  -      -      -      -      1      scache
#
# ====================================================================
# Interfaces to non-Postfix software. Be sure to examine the manual
# pages of the non-Postfix software to find out what options it wants.
#
# Many of the following services use the Postfix pipe(8) delivery
# agent.  See the pipe(8) man page for information about ${recipient}
# and other message envelope options.
# ====================================================================
#
# maildrop. See the Postfix MAILDROP_README file for details.
# Also specify in main.cf: maildrop_destination_recipient_limit=1
#
maildrop  unix  -      n      n      -      -      pipe
  flags=DRhu user=vmail argv=/usr/bin/maildrop -d vmail ${extension} ${recipient} ${user} ${nexthop} ${sender}
#
# ====================================================================
#
# Recent Cyrus versions can use the existing "lmtp" master.cf entry.
#
# Specify in cyrus.conf:
#  lmtp    cmd="lmtpd -a" listen="localhost:lmtp" proto=tcp4
#
# Specify in main.cf one or more of the following:
#  mailbox_transport = lmtp:inet:localhost
#  virtual_transport = lmtp:inet:localhost
#
# ====================================================================
#
# Cyrus 2.1.5 (Amos Gouaux)
# Also specify in main.cf: cyrus_destination_recipient_limit=1
#
#cyrus    unix  -      n      n      -      -      pipe
#  user=cyrus argv=/cyrus/bin/deliver -e -r ${sender} -m ${extension} ${user}
#
# ====================================================================
# Old example of delivery via Cyrus.
#
#old-cyrus unix  -      n      n      -      -      pipe
#  flags=R user=cyrus argv=/cyrus/bin/deliver -e -m ${extension} ${user}
#
# ====================================================================
#
# See the Postfix UUCP_README file for configuration details.
#
uucp      unix  -      n      n      -      -      pipe
  flags=Fqhu user=uucp argv=uux -r -n -z -a$sender - $nexthop!rmail ($recipient)
#
# Other external delivery methods.
#
ifmail    unix  -      n      n      -      -      pipe
  flags=F user=ftn argv=/usr/lib/ifmail/ifmail -r $nexthop ($recipient)
bsmtp    unix  -      n      n      -      -      pipe
  flags=Fq. user=bsmtp argv=/usr/lib/bsmtp/bsmtp -t$nexthop -f$sender $recipient
scalemail-backend unix  -      n      n      -      2      pipe
  flags=R user=scalemail argv=/usr/lib/scalemail/bin/scalemail-store ${nexthop} ${user} ${extension}
mailman  unix  -      n      n      -      -      pipe
  flags=FR user=list argv=/usr/lib/mailman/bin/postfix-to-mailman.py
  ${nexthop} ${user}

dovecot  unix  -      n      n      -      -      pipe
  flags=DRhu user=vmail:vmail argv=/usr/lib/dovecot/deliver -f ${sender} -d ${user}@${nexthop}
amavis unix - - - - 2 smtp
        -o smtp_data_done_timeout=1200
        -o smtp_send_xforward_command=yes

127.0.0.1:10025 inet n - - - - smtpd
        -o content_filter=
        -o local_recipient_maps=
        -o relay_recipient_maps=
        -o smtpd_restriction_classes=
        -o smtpd_client_restrictions=
        -o smtpd_helo_restrictions=
        -o smtpd_sender_restrictions=
        -o smtpd_recipient_restrictions=permit_mynetworks,reject
        -o mynetworks=127.0.0.0/8
        -o strict_rfc821_envelopes=yes
        -o receive_override_options=no_unknown_recipient_checks,no_header_body_checks
        -o smtpd_bind_address=127.0.0.1

Any clue about what i've done wrong?

Regards.

Tramis 22nd September 2012 11:54

I'm adding things:

I got the error when sending from a mailbox handled by my server to a mailbox handled by my ISP (both are @wanadoo.fr).

I added the domain wanadoo.fr on my server so i can get the mails from my ISP to my server and then IMAP them from my server to my users PCs.

pititis 22nd September 2012 12:17

The tutorial is ok for set up an Internet mail server. Your needs are different.

For receiving mail from your remote mailboxes you must to use fetchmail and for delivery you need one transport per destination.

Tramis 22nd September 2012 14:03

Hi

I'm receiving mails from ISP mailboxes, the "only" problem is sending mails to theses mailboxes from my server using smtp.

Tramis 28th September 2012 15:35

Hi,

Coming back for news.

Did a fresh new installation following the same Howto and i still can't send any emails outside my LAN.

Is it normal?

I configured postfix as an "Internet site with smarthost", filled the "relayhost = " in the postfix main.cf and still impossible to get out.

I always have this in /var/log/mail.log:


Sep 28 15:32:46 smtp postfix/smtpd[5913]: 750421022BC: reject: RCPT from Noon-PC.home[192.168.1.10]: 550 5.1.1 <xxxxxxxxxxx@yyyyyyyy.fr>: Recipient address rejected: User unknown in virtual mailbox table; from=<wwwwwwwwww@yyyyyyyy.fr> to=<xxxxxxxxxxx@yyyyyyyy.fr> proto=ESMTP helo=<[192.168.1.10]>


I tried other installations and that configuration works. Something in this tutorial blocks outside going mails, just can't find what...

till 28th September 2012 17:01

Quote:

I configured postfix as an "Internet site with smarthost", filled the "relayhost = " in the postfix main.cf and still impossible to get out.
Then you haven followed the tutorial correctly as it instructes you to use a different postfix preset, not smarthost.

If you want to use a smarthost, then you can set this later in ispconfig. Dont edit the main.cf file directly to set a smarthost.

Tramis 28th September 2012 17:26

Hi,

Thanks for your answer. I choose "Internet site with smarthost" because i had no answer to my previous posts and tried to make this work.

If you look at my first post i did not choose any relayhost and emailing out wasn't working neither.

I tried email routing, relay recipients and almost everything in ISPConfig without success.

If this configuration isn't meant to send outgoing mails, just tell me i'll stop trying to.

If i have to buy the ISPConfig documentation, tell me, i'll do it (i haven't seen anything about relays in the old version i bought for V2).

I just find hard to believe that a "Perfect mail server" can't handle outgoing mails ;)

till 28th September 2012 18:22

Quote:

I tried email routing, relay recipients and almost everything in ISPConfig without success.
These settimgs are not relevant for relaying. the Relay settings are under System > Server config > Email.

According to the postfix error message, you tried to send a email without smtp authentication. So the first step you should do is to enable smtp aurhentication in your mail client, this is a client settings, not a setting of your server or in ispconfig.

Quote:

I just find hard to believe that a "Perfect mail server" can't handle outgoing mails
It works on more then hundred thousand servers worldwide that use this setup, so it should work on your servera s well ;) And it does not matter if you use the server on a datacenter or your local lan.

Tramis 29th September 2012 05:13

Hi again!

I've just made a fresh installation following the Howto to the letter and i've got this:

Code:

Sep 29 04:59:08 mail postfix/submission/smtpd[19795]: connect from unknown[192.168.1.10]
Sep 29 04:59:08 mail postfix/submission/smtpd[19795]: NOQUEUE: reject: RCPT from unknown[192.168.1.10]: 550 5.1.1 <aaaa@wanadoo.fr>: Recipient address rejected: User unknown in virtual mailbox table; from=<bbbb@wanadoo.fr> to=<aaaa@wanadoo.fr> proto=ESMTP helo=<[192.168.1.10]>
Sep 29 04:59:09 mail postfix/submission/smtpd[19795]: disconnect from unknown[192.168.1.10]

wanadoo.fr : is my ISP declared as a domain in ISPconfig3.
aaaa@wanadoo.fr : is my wife's mailbox not handled (for now) by ISPConfig.
bbbb@wanadoo.fr : is my mailbox handled by ISPConfig3.

Here's my postconf -n:
Code:

root@mail:/tmp/ispconfig3_install/install# postconf -n
alias_database = hash:/etc/aliases, hash:/var/lib/mailman/data/aliases
alias_maps = hash:/etc/aliases, hash:/var/lib/mailman/data/aliases
append_dot_mydomain = no
biff = no
body_checks = regexp:/etc/postfix/body_checks
broken_sasl_auth_clients = yes
config_directory = /etc/postfix
content_filter = amavis:[127.0.0.1]:10024
dovecot_destination_recipient_limit = 1
header_checks = regexp:/etc/postfix/header_checks
html_directory = /usr/share/doc/postfix/html
inet_interfaces = all
mailbox_size_limit = 0
maildrop_destination_concurrency_limit = 1
maildrop_destination_recipient_limit = 1
message_size_limit = 0
mime_header_checks = regexp:/etc/postfix/mime_header_checks
mydestination = my.domain.com, localhost, localhost.localdomain
myhostname = my.domain.com
mynetworks = 127.0.0.0/8 [::1]/128
myorigin = /etc/mailname
nested_header_checks = regexp:/etc/postfix/nested_header_checks
owner_request_special = no
proxy_read_maps = $local_recipient_maps $mydestination $virtual_alias_maps $virtual_alias_domains $virtual_mailbox_maps $virtual_mailbox_domains $relay_recipient_maps $relay_domains $canonical_maps $sender_canonical_maps $recipient_canonical_maps $relocated_maps $transport_maps $mynetworks $virtual_mailbox_limit_maps
readme_directory = /usr/share/doc/postfix
receive_override_options = no_address_mappings
recipient_delimiter = +
relay_domains = mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual_relaydomains.cf
relay_recipient_maps = mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual_relayrecipientmaps.cf
relayhost = smtp.wanadoo.fr
smtp_sasl_auth_enable = yes
smtp_sasl_password_maps = hash:/etc/postfix/sasl_passwd
smtp_sasl_security_options =
smtp_tls_session_cache_database = btree:${data_directory}/smtp_scache
smtpd_banner = $myhostname ESMTP $mail_name (Ubuntu)
smtpd_client_message_rate_limit = 100
smtpd_client_restrictions = check_client_access mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual_client.cf
smtpd_recipient_restrictions = permit_mynetworks, permit_sasl_authenticated, check_recipient_access mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual_recipient.cf, reject_unauth_destination
smtpd_sasl_auth_enable = yes
smtpd_sasl_authenticated_header = yes
smtpd_sasl_path = private/auth
smtpd_sasl_type = dovecot
smtpd_sender_restrictions = check_sender_access mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual_sender.cf
smtpd_tls_cert_file = /etc/postfix/smtpd.cert
smtpd_tls_key_file = /etc/postfix/smtpd.key
smtpd_tls_security_level = may
smtpd_tls_session_cache_database = btree:${data_directory}/smtpd_scache
smtpd_use_tls = yes
transport_maps = proxy:mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual_transports.cf
virtual_alias_domains =
virtual_alias_maps = proxy:mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual_forwardings.cf, proxy:mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual_email2email.cf, hash:/var/lib/mailman/data/virtual-mailman
virtual_gid_maps = static:5000
virtual_mailbox_base = /var/vmail
virtual_mailbox_domains = proxy:mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual_domains.cf
virtual_mailbox_maps = proxy:mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual_mailboxes.cf
virtual_transport = dovecot
virtual_uid_maps = static:5000
postconf: warning: /etc/postfix/master.cf: unused parameter: smtpd_bind_address=127.0.0.1
root@mail:/tmp/ispconfig3_install/install#

I've declared the SMTP relay in System > Server config > Email like you said. :D

I'm fetching correctly my mail. Still impossible to get outside :confused:

Edit: I have that problem only on domains that are defined on ISPConfig3. I can send mails outside to other domains. They don't get out if their domain exists in ISPConfig3.

Tramis 30th September 2012 21:39

Hi,

I don't know if i found a bug but here's what i've found on my problem:

I can't send a mail to a mailbox whose domain if defined on my server but does not exist on it.

More specifically:
My ISP is Orange.fr. They were known as Wanadoo.fr years ago. I have mailboxes created with the @wanadoo.fr. If i want to fetch my mail from these boxes i have to define this domain in ISPConfig3 and set a fetchmail task.

By doing this i can get all my mail on my server. I can send emails to anybody but people that have email adresses ending by @wanadoo.fr. If i do that i have the "User unknown in virtual mailbox table". Sending mails to other users that end with @orange.fr works fine.

A few days ago i tried building a server "by hand". Mailing the same way was working (the "relayhost=" field in main.cf of postfix is used to send every unknown adresses on the server to an external relay). When i use ISPConfig3 it doesn't. That leaves two possibilities:
- I have not configured correctly ISPConfig3
- There is a bug in ISPConfig3

Does this ring any bells to anybody?


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