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-   -   sshd: why my ssh login is weirdly slow? (http://www.howtoforge.com/forums/showthread.php?t=51002)

jiandingzhe 19th January 2011 05:21

sshd: why my ssh login is weirdly slow?
 
First of all, I have a server running sshd.
If I login to the server from client running Fedora, using openssh or using nautilus, it will take very long time to have the password prompt displayed. Sometimes it becomes so long that the client cries out a failure.
However, if I login from client running Windows using putty or winscp, it never delays like this.
What might the problem be there? Thanks a lot!

falko 19th January 2011 15:48

Any errors in your logs (on the server)? Does the server have correct A and PTR records?

jiandingzhe 20th January 2011 03:30

Quote:

Originally Posted by falko (Post 249057)
Any errors in your logs (on the server)? Does the server have correct A and PTR records?

What is A and PTR record?
Where is sshd's logfile? I'm using Fedora 14.

In /var/log/secure, it seems some malicious guys tried to login with root account frequently. But it still cannot explain why it get slow using ssh, but remain fast using putty.

falko 20th January 2011 19:50

Quote:

Originally Posted by jiandingzhe (Post 249109)
What is A and PTR record?

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_DNS_record_types
Quote:

Originally Posted by jiandingzhe (Post 249109)
Where is sshd's logfile? I'm using Fedora 14.

Should be somewhere in /var/log/, maybe something like /var/log/auth.log.

Quote:

Originally Posted by jiandingzhe (Post 249109)
But it still cannot explain why it get slow using ssh, but remain fast using putty.

It's just a guess, but maybe it has to do something with slow DNS lookups.

edge 20th January 2011 20:04

Does it also take a long time to login by FTP from your client's place?

jiandingzhe 21st January 2011 03:00

Quote:

Originally Posted by falko (Post 249181)
It's just a guess, but maybe it has to do something with slow DNS lookups.

I login to my server by using IP address directly, not by domain name. So I think there's nothing to do with the DNS.

jiandingzhe 21st January 2011 03:02

Quote:

Originally Posted by edge (Post 249182)
Does it also take a long time to login by FTP from your client's place?

I think the FTP service is not opened. Only SFTP.

falko 21st January 2011 15:50

Can you post your sshd_config? (It's probably in /etc/ssh/.)

jiandingzhe 23rd January 2011 09:07

Quote:

Originally Posted by falko (Post 249251)
Can you post your sshd_config? (It's probably in /etc/ssh/.)

I hide the real user names.


# $OpenBSD: sshd_config,v 1.81 2009/10/08 14:03:41 markus Exp $

# This is the sshd server system-wide configuration file. See
# sshd_config(5) for more information.

# This sshd was compiled with PATH=/usr/local/bin:/bin:/usr/bin

# The strategy used for options in the default sshd_config shipped with
# OpenSSH is to specify options with their default value where
# possible, but leave them commented. Uncommented options change a
# default value.

#Port 22
#AddressFamily any
#ListenAddress 0.0.0.0
#ListenAddress ::

# The default requires explicit activation of protocol 1
#Protocol 2

# HostKey for protocol version 1
#HostKey /etc/ssh/ssh_host_key
# HostKeys for protocol version 2
#HostKey /etc/ssh/ssh_host_rsa_key
#HostKey /etc/ssh/ssh_host_dsa_key

# Lifetime and size of ephemeral version 1 server key
#KeyRegenerationInterval 1h
#ServerKeyBits 1024

# Logging
# obsoletes QuietMode and FascistLogging
#SyslogFacility AUTH
SyslogFacility AUTHPRIV
#LogLevel INFO

# Authentication:

#LoginGraceTime 2m
#PermitRootLogin yes
#StrictModes yes
#MaxAuthTries 6
#MaxSessions 10

#RSAAuthentication yes
#PubkeyAuthentication yes
#AuthorizedKeysFile .ssh/authorized_keys
#PubkeyAgent none
#PubkeyAgentRunAs nobody

# For this to work you will also need host keys in /etc/ssh/ssh_known_hosts
#RhostsRSAAuthentication no
# similar for protocol version 2
#HostbasedAuthentication no
# Change to yes if you don't trust ~/.ssh/known_hosts for
# RhostsRSAAuthentication and HostbasedAuthentication
#IgnoreUserKnownHosts no
# Don't read the user's ~/.rhosts and ~/.shosts files
#IgnoreRhosts yes

# To disable tunneled clear text passwords, change to no here!
#PasswordAuthentication yes
#PermitEmptyPasswords no
PasswordAuthentication yes

# Change to no to disable s/key passwords
#ChallengeResponseAuthentication yes
ChallengeResponseAuthentication no

# Kerberos options
#KerberosAuthentication no
#KerberosOrLocalPasswd yes
#KerberosTicketCleanup yes
#KerberosGetAFSToken no

# GSSAPI options
#GSSAPIAuthentication no
GSSAPIAuthentication yes
#GSSAPICleanupCredentials yes
GSSAPICleanupCredentials yes
#GSSAPIStrictAcceptorCheck yes
#GSSAPIKeyExchange no

# Set this to 'yes' to enable PAM authentication, account processing,
# and session processing. If this is enabled, PAM authentication will
# be allowed through the ChallengeResponseAuthentication and
# PasswordAuthentication. Depending on your PAM configuration,
# PAM authentication via ChallengeResponseAuthentication may bypass
# the setting of "PermitRootLogin without-password".
# If you just want the PAM account and session checks to run without
# PAM authentication, then enable this but set PasswordAuthentication
# and ChallengeResponseAuthentication to 'no'.
#UsePAM no
UsePAM yes

# Accept locale-related environment variables
AcceptEnv LANG LC_CTYPE LC_NUMERIC LC_TIME LC_COLLATE LC_MONETARY LC_MESSAGES
AcceptEnv LC_PAPER LC_NAME LC_ADDRESS LC_TELEPHONE LC_MEASUREMENT
AcceptEnv LC_IDENTIFICATION LC_ALL LANGUAGE
AcceptEnv XMODIFIERS

#AllowAgentForwarding yes
#AllowTcpForwarding yes
#GatewayPorts no
#X11Forwarding no
X11Forwarding yes
#X11DisplayOffset 10
#X11UseLocalhost yes
#PrintMotd yes
#PrintLastLog yes
#TCPKeepAlive yes
#UseLogin no
#UsePrivilegeSeparation yes
#PermitUserEnvironment no
#Compression delayed
#ClientAliveInterval 0
#ClientAliveCountMax 3
#ShowPatchLevel no
#UseDNS yes
#PidFile /var/run/sshd.pid
#MaxStartups 10
#PermitTunnel no
#ChrootDirectory none

# no default banner path
#Banner none

# override default of no subsystems
Subsystem sftp /usr/libexec/openssh/sftp-server

# Example of overriding settings on a per-user basis
#Match User anoncvs
# X11Forwarding no
# AllowTcpForwarding no
# ForceCommand cvs server

AllowUsers XXX XXX XXX XXX XXX

falko 24th January 2011 15:00

Can you enable these three settings and restart SSH?

Code:

IgnoreRhosts yes
RhostsRSAAuthentication no
HostbasedAuthentication no



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