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dalitso 11th November 2010 08:33

Rsync auto login and schedule sync
I have setup Rsync as a daemon on a Ubuntu 10.04 box and the setup was successful. Here are my configs


root@hurricane:`# nano /etc/default/rsync
# defaults file for rsync daemon mode

# start rsync in daemon mode from init.d script?
#  only allowed values are "true", "false", and "inetd"
#  Use "inetd" if you want to start the rsyncd from inetd,
#  all this does is prevent the init.d script from printing a message
#  about not starting rsyncd (you still need to modify inetd's config yourself).

# which file should be used as the configuration file for rsync.
# This file is used instead of the default /etc/rsyncd.conf
# Warning: This option has no effect if the daemon is accessed
#          using a remote shell. When using a different file for
#          rsync you might want to symlink /etc/rsyncd.conf to
#          that file.

# what extra options to give rsync --daemon?
#  that excludes the --daemon; that's always done in the init.d script
#  Possibilities are:
#  --address=                (bind to a specific IP address)
#  --port=8730                                (bind to specified port; default 873)

# run rsyncd at a nice level?
#  the rsync daemon can impact performance due to much I/O and CPU usage,
#  so you may want to run it at a nicer priority than the default priority.
#  Allowed values are 0 - 19 inclusive; 10 is a reasonable value.

# run rsyncd with ionice?
#  "ionice" does for IO load what "nice" does for CPU load.
#  As rsync is often used for backups which aren't all that time-critical,
#  reducing the rsync IO priority will benefit the rest of the system.
#  See the manpage for ionice for allowed options.
#  -c3 is recommended, this will run rsync IO at "idle" priority. Uncomment
#  the next line to activate this.

# Don't forget to create an appropriate config file,
# else the daemon will not start.


root@hurricane:`# nano /etc/xinetd.d/rsync

service rsync
    disable = no
    socket_type = stream
    wait = no
    user = root
    server = /usr/bin/rsync
    server_args = --daemon
    log_on_failure += USERID


root@hurricane:`# nano /etc/rsyncd.conf

max connections = 2
log file = /var/log/rsync.log
timeout = 300

comment = Public Share
path = /home/all2
read only = no
list = yes
uid = nobody
gid = nogroup
auth users = share
secrets file = /etc/rsyncd.secrets


root@hurricane:`# nano /etc/rsyncd.secrets


[CODE]root@hurricane:`# nano /etc/services

# Network services, Internet style
# Note that it is presently the policy of IANA to assign a single well-known
# port number for both TCP and UDP; hence, officially ports have two entries
# even if the protocol doesn't support UDP operations.
# Updated from and other
# sources like .
# New ports will be added on request if they have been officially assigned
# by IANA and used in the real-world or are needed by a debian package.
# If you need a huge list of used numbers please install the nmap package.

tcpmux 1/tcp # TCP port service multiplexer
echo 7/tcp
echo 7/udp
discard 9/tcp sink null
discard 9/udp sink null
systat 11/tcp users
daytime 13/tcp
daytime 13/udp
netstat 15/tcp
qotd 17/tcp quote
msp 18/tcp # message send protocol
msp 18/udp
chargen 19/tcp ttytst source
chargen 19/udp ttytst source
ftp-data 20/tcp
ftp 21/tcp
fsp 21/udp fspd
ssh 22/tcp # SSH Remote Login Protocol
ssh 22/udp
telnet 23/tcp
smtp 25/tcp mail
time 37/tcp timserver
time 37/udp timserver
rlp 39/udp resource # resource location
nameserver 42/tcp name # IEN 116
whois 43/tcp nicname
tacacs 49/tcp # Login Host Protocol (TACACS)
tacacs 49/udp
re-mail-ck 50/tcp # Remote Mail Checking Protocol
re-mail-ck 50/udp
domain 53/tcp # name-domain server
domain 53/udp
mtp 57/tcp # deprecated
tacacs-ds 65/tcp # TACACS-Database Service
tacacs-ds 65/udp
bootps 67/tcp # BOOTP server
bootps 67/udp
bootpc 68/tcp # BOOTP client
bootpc 68/udp
tftp 69/udp
gopher 70/tcp # Internet Gopher
gopher 70/udp
rje 77/tcp netrjs
finger 79/tcp
www 80/tcp http # WorldWideWeb HTTP
www 80/udp # HyperText Transfer Protocol
link 87/tcp ttylink
kerberos 88/tcp kerberos5 krb5 kerberos-sec # Kerberos v5
kerberos 88/udp kerberos5 krb5 kerberos-sec # Kerberos v5
supdup 95/tcp
hostnames 101/tcp hostname # usually from sri-nic
iso-tsap 102/tcp tsap # part of ISODE
acr-nema 104/tcp dicom # Digital Imag. & Comm. 300
acr-nema 104/udp dicom # Digital Imag. & Comm. 300
csnet-ns 105/tcp cso-ns # also used by CSO name server
csnet-ns 105/udp cso-ns
rtelnet 107/tcp # Remote Telnet
rtelnet 107/udp
pop2 109/tcp postoffice pop-2 # POP version 2
pop2 109/udp pop-2
pop3 110/tcp pop-3 # POP version 3
pop3 110/udp pop-3
sunrpc 111/tcp portmapper # RPC 4.0 portmapper
sunrpc 111/udp portmapper
auth 113/tcp authentication tap ident
sftp 115/tcp
uucp-path 117/tcp
nntp 119/tcp readnews untp # USENET News Transfer Protocol
ntp 123/tcp
ntp 123/udp # Network Time Protocol
pwdgen 129/tcp # PWDGEN service
pwdgen 129/udp # PWDGEN service
loc-srv 135/tcp epmap # Location Service
loc-srv 135/udp epmap
netbios-ns 137/tcp # NETBIOS Name Service
netbios-ns 137/udp
netbios-dgm 138/tcp # NETBIOS Datagram Service
netbios-dgm 138/udp
netbios-ssn 139/tcp # NETBIOS session service
netbios-ssn 139/udp
imap2 143/tcp imap # Interim Mail Access P 2 and 4
imap2 143/udp imap
snmp 161/tcp # Simple Net Mgmt Protocol
snmp 161/udp # Simple Net Mgmt Protocol
snmp-trap 162/tcp snmptrap # Traps for SNMP
snmp-trap 162/udp snmptrap # Traps for SNMP
cmip-man 163/tcp # ISO mgmt over IP (CMOT)
cmip-man 163/udp
cmip-agent 164/tcp
cmip-agent 164/udp
mailq 174/tcp # Mailer transport queue for Zmailer
mailq 174/udp # Mailer transport queue for Zmailer
xdmcp 177/tcp # X Display Mgr. Control Proto
xdmcp 177/udp
nextstep 178/tcp NeXTStep NextStep # NeXTStep window
nextstep 178/udp NeXTStep NextStep # server
bgp 179/tcp # Border Gateway Protocol
bgp 179/udp
prospero 191/tcp # Cliff Neuman's Prospero
prospero 191/udp
irc 194/tcp # Internet Relay Chat
irc 194/udp
smux 199/tcp # SNMP Unix Multiplexer
smux 199/udp
at-rtmp 201/tcp # AppleTalk routing
at-rtmp 201/udp
at-nbp 202/tcp # AppleTalk name binding
at-nbp 202/udp
at-echo 204/tcp # AppleTalk echo
at-echo 204/udp
at-zis 206/tcp # AppleTalk zone information
at-zis 206/udp
qmtp 209/tcp # Quick Mail Transfer Protocol
qmtp 209/udp # Quick Mail Transfer Protocol
z3950 210/tcp wais # NISO Z39.50 database
z3950 210/udp wais
ipx 213/tcp # IPX
ipx 213/udp
imap3 220/tcp # Interactive Mail Access
imap3 220/udp # Protocol v3
pawserv 345/tcp # Perf Analysis Workbench
pawserv 345/udp
zserv 346/tcp # Zebra server
zserv 346/udp
fatserv 347/tcp # Fatmen Server
fatserv 347/udp
rpc2portmap 369/tcp
rpc2portmap 369/udp # Coda portmapper
codaauth2 370/tcp
codaauth2 370/udp # Coda authentication server
clearcase 371/tcp Clearcase
clearcase 371/udp Clearcase
ulistserv 372/tcp # UNIX Listserv
ulistserv 372/udp
ldap 389/tcp # Lightweight Directory Access Protocol
ldap 389/udp
imsp 406/tcp # Interactive Mail Support Protocol
imsp 406/udp
https 443/tcp # http protocol over TLS/SSL
https 443/udp
snpp 444/tcp # Simple Network Paging Protocol
snpp 444/udp
microsoft-ds 445/tcp # Microsoft Naked CIFS
microsoft-ds 445/udp
kpasswd 464/tcp
kpasswd 464/udp
saft 487/tcp # Simple Asynchronous File Transfer
saft 487/udp
isakmp 500/tcp # IPsec - Internet Security Association
isakmp 500/udp # and Key Management Protocol
rtsp 554/tcp # Real Time Stream Control Protocol
rtsp 554/udp # Real Time Stream Control Protocol
nqs 607/tcp # Network Queuing system
nqs 607/udp
npmp-local 610/tcp dqs313_qmaster # npmp-local / DQS
npmp-local 610/udp dqs313_qmaster
npmp-gui 611/tcp dqs313_execd # npmp-gui / DQS
npmp-gui 611/udp dqs313_execd
hmmp-ind 612/tcp dqs313_intercell # HMMP Indication / DQS
hmmp-ind 612/udp dqs313_intercell
qmqp 628/tcp
qmqp 628/udp
ipp 631/tcp # Internet Printing Protocol
ipp 631/udp
# UNIX specific services
exec 512/tcp
biff 512/udp comsat
login 513/tcp
who 513/udp whod
shell 514/tcp cmd # no passwords used
syslog 514/udp
printer 515/tcp spooler # line printer spooler
talk 517/udp
ntalk 518/udp
route 520/udp router routed # RIP
timed 525/udp timeserver
tempo 526/tcp newdate
courier 530/tcp rpc
conference 531/tcp chat
netnews 532/tcp readnews
netwall 533/udp # for emergency broadcasts
gdomap 538/tcp # GNUstep distributed objects
gdomap 538/udp
uucp 540/tcp uucpd # uucp daemon
klogin 543/tcp # Kerberized `rlogin' (v5)
kshell 544/tcp krcmd # Kerberized `rsh' (v5)
afpovertcp 548/tcp # AFP over TCP
afpovertcp 548/udp
remotefs 556/tcp rfs_server rfs # Brunhoff remote filesystem
nntps 563/tcp snntp # NNTP over SSL
nntps 563/udp snntp
submission 587/tcp # Submission [RFC4409]
submission 587/udp
ldaps 636/tcp # LDAP over SSL
ldaps 636/udp
tinc 655/tcp # tinc control port
tinc 655/udp
silc 706/tcp
silc 706/udp
kerberos-adm 749/tcp # Kerberos `kadmin' (v5)
webster 765/tcp # Network dictionary
webster 765/udp
rsync 873/tcp
rsync 873/udp
ftps-data 989/tcp # FTP over SSL (data)
ftps 990/tcp
telnets 992/tcp # Telnet over SSL
telnets 992/udp
imaps 993/tcp # IMAP over SSL
imaps 993/udp
ircs 994/tcp # IRC over SSL
ircs 994/udp
pop3s 995/tcp # POP-3 over SSL
pop3s 995/udp
# From ``Assigned Numbers'':
#> The Registered Ports are not controlled by the IANA and on most systems
#> can be used by ordinary user processes or programs executed by ordinary
#> users.
#> Ports are used in the TCP [45,106] to name the ends of logical
#> connections which carry long term conversations. For the purpose of
#> providing services to unknown callers, a service contact port is
#> defined. This list specifies the port used by the server process as its
#> contact port. While the IANA can not control uses of these ports it
#> does register or list uses of these ports as a convienence to the
#> community.
socks 1080/tcp # socks proxy server
socks 1080/udp
proofd 1093/tcp
proofd 1093/udp
rootd 1094/tcp
rootd 1094/udp
openvpn 1194/tcp
openvpn 1194/udp
rmiregistry 1099/tcp # Java RMI Registry
rmiregistry 1099/udp
kazaa 1214/tcp
kazaa 1214/udp
nessus 1241/tcp # Nessus vulnerability
nessus 1241/udp # assessment scanner
lotusnote 1352/tcp lotusnotes # Lotus Note
lotusnote 1352/udp lotusnotes
ms-sql-s 1433/tcp # Microsoft SQL Server
ms-sql-s 1433/udp
ms-sql-m 1434/tcp # Microsoft SQL Monitor
ms-sql-m 1434/udp
ingreslock 1524/tcp
ingreslock 1524/udp
prospero-np 1525/tcp # Prospero non-privileged
prospero-np 1525/udp
datametrics 1645/tcp old-radius
datametrics 1645/udp old-radius
sa-msg-port 1646/tcp old-radacct
sa-msg-port 1646/udp old-radacct
kermit 1649/tcp
kermit 1649/udp
l2f 1701/tcp l2tp
l2f 1701/udp l2tp
radius 1812/tcp
radius 1812/udp
radius-acct 1813/tcp radacct # Radius Accounting
radius-acct 1813/udp radacct
msnp 1863/tcp # MSN Messenger
msnp 1863/udp
unix-status 1957/tcp # remstats unix-status server
log-server 1958/tcp # remstats log server
remoteping 1959/tcp # remstats remoteping server
cisco-sccp 2000/tcp sieve # Cisco SCCP
cisco-sccp 2000/udp
search 2010/tcp ndtp
pipe_server 2010/tcp
nfs 2049/tcp # Network File System
nfs 2049/udp # Network File System
gnunet 2086/tcp
gnunet 2086/udp
rtcm-sc104 2101/tcp # RTCM SC-104 IANA 1/29/99
rtcm-sc104 2101/udp
gsigatekeeper 2119/tcp
gsigatekeeper 2119/udp
gris 2135/tcp # Grid Resource Information Server
gris 2135/udp # Grid Resource Information Server
cvspserver 2401/tcp # CVS client/server operations
cvspserver 2401/udp
venus 2430/tcp # codacon port
venus 2430/udp # Venus callback/wbc interface
venus-se 2431/tcp # tcp side effects
venus-se 2431/udp # udp sftp side effect
codasrv 2432/tcp # not used
codasrv 2432/udp # server port
codasrv-se 2433/tcp # tcp side effects
codasrv-se 2433/udp # udp sftp side effect
mon 2583/tcp # MON traps
mon 2583/udp
dict 2628/tcp # Dictionary server
dict 2628/udp
gsiftp 2811/tcp
gsiftp 2811/udp
gpsd 2947/tcp
gpsd 2947/udp
gds_db 3050/tcp # InterBase server
gds_db 3050/udp
icpv2 3130/tcp icp # Internet Cache Protocol
icpv2 3130/udp icp
mysql 3306/tcp
mysql 3306/udp
nut 3493/tcp # Network UPS Tools
nut 3493/udp
distcc 3632/tcp # distributed compiler
distcc 3632/udp
daap 3689/tcp # Digital Audio Access Protocol
daap 3689/udp
svn 3690/tcp subversion # Subversion protocol
svn 3690/udp subversion
suucp 4031/tcp # UUCP over SSL

falko 12th November 2010 13:49

What is your question?

dalitso 12th November 2010 16:14

I am sorry, the post was incomplete, heres the rest


root@hurricane:`#nano /etc/inetd.conf

#<off># netbios-ssn        stream        tcp        nowait        root        /usr/sbin/tcpd        /usr/sbin/smbd
#<off># ftp        stream        tcp        nowait        root        /usr/sbin/tcpd /usr/sbin/proftpd
#<off># sane-port        stream        tcp        nowait        saned:saned        /usr/sbin/saned saned
rsync stream tcp nowait root /usr/bin/rsync rsyncd --daemon

I have another Ubuntu box with the same setup (with the login user details being different) So I am doing a remote sync this command


root@hurricane:~# rsync -azvv jhbs@ /home/all2/

Running the above command asks for a password which when entered the sync is done.

How do I automate the file sync?

1. Have it to auto login; without asking for the password
2. schedule sync like hourly

Heres some progress, I am now learning OpenSSH Keys so that I can setup auto login. Will let you know the progress.

falko 13th November 2010 13:48

This should give you the idea:

dalitso 16th November 2010 13:50


Originally Posted by falko (Post 244299)
This should give you the idea:

My ubuntu 10.04 box cannot resolve to its host name but it works with the IP address and hurricane.local

root@dalitso:/home/martin# rsync -avz -e ssh /home/martin/all2/
ssh: Could not resolve hostname Name or service not known


root@dalitso:/home/martin# rsync -avz -e ssh jhbs@hurricane:/home/all2 /home/martin/all2/
The authenticity of host 'hurricane (' can't be established.
RSA key fingerprint is 41:71:8d:bb:55:2e:20:97:ac:9b:dd:c7:cb:9b:66:b5.
Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)?

Heres my setup: ADSL router with ip ---> Dlink Switch ---> ubuntu server with ip

I am also accessing the server using an ubuntu desktop connected to the same switch

And here are some configuration files


root@hurricane:~# nano /etc.hosts        localhost.localdomain localhost hurricane

# The following lines are desirable for IPv6 capable hosts
::1    ip6-localhost ip6-loopback
fe00::0 ip6-localnet
ff00::0 ip6-mcastprefix
ff02::1 ip6-allnodes
ff02::2 ip6-allrouters
ff02::3 ip6-allhosts


root@hurricane:~# nano /etc/resolv.conf


# /etc/nsswitch.conf
# Example configuration of GNU Name Service Switch functionality.
# If you have the `glibc-doc-reference' and `info' packages installed, try:
# `info libc "Name Service Switch"' for information about this file.

passwd:        compat
group:          compat
shadow:        compat

#hosts:        files mdns4_minimal [NOTFOUND=return] dns mdns4
hosts:        files wins dns
networks:      files

protocols:      db files
services:      db files
ethers:        db files
rpc:            db files

netgroup:      nis


root@hurricane:/home/jhbs# hostname

The server was setup with webmin so Bind DNS server has got only Root, localhost, 0, 127, 255 zones.

Help me get the hostname resolved, the tutorial said something like, it will only work when a FQDN is used.
Let me know if you need me to post more information.

dalitso 20th March 2011 18:40


Originally Posted by falko (Post 244299)
This should give you the idea:

Thank you very much, it worked great. Sorry for taking so long to give feedback.

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