HowtoForge Forums | HowtoForge - Linux Howtos and Tutorials

HowtoForge Forums | HowtoForge - Linux Howtos and Tutorials (
-   Server Operation (
-   -   Mail setup issue (

indecipherable 5th March 2010 10:45

Mail setup issue
I'm running Debian Lenny.
I want to setup e-mail for my server.
I followed this page of this guide:

However, When I telnet to localhost on port 25 and then type ehlo localhost
I receive no messages although it does appear to connect fine.

(side note)
In bind my hostname is set to and hostname as well as hostname -f show but I want my mail to be
(/side note)

Do I need to set an MX record? If so, where? I run my own nameservers.

Is there a way I can troubleshoot this issue without uninstalling the apts, I cant risk jeopardizing my apache install.
Any help would be great.

Thank you,

falko 6th March 2010 12:53

Any errors in your mail log?

indecipherable 7th March 2010 21:32

Mail error
I didn't even know that a mail log exists but the mail error and log files seem to be excessively repeating this:

Mar 7 06:26:12 mydomain postfix/cleanup[1564]: fatal: open database {MTA_VIRTUAL_ALIAS_HASH}.db: No such file or directory
Mar 7 06:26:13 mydomain postfix/smtpd[1570]: fatal: open database {MTA_LOCAL_ALIAS_HASH}.db: No such file or directory
Mar 7 06:26:40 mydomain postfix/pickup[28903]: fatal: watchdog timeout

Do you know how to fix this issue?

Thanks again for the help

falko 8th March 2010 14:23

What's in /etc/postfix/

indecipherable 9th March 2010 03:52

contents of
Contents of


# Postfix MTA Manager Main Configuration File;
# Please do NOT edit this file manually;

# Postfix directory settings; These are critical for normal Postfix MTA functionallity;

command_directory = /usr/sbin
daemon_directory = /usr/lib/postfix
program_directory = /usr/lib/postfix

# Some common configuration parameters;

inet_interfaces = all
mynetworks_style = host

myhostname =
myorigin = /etc/mailname

smtpd_banner = $myhostname VHCS2 {MTA_VERSION} Managed ESMTP {MTA_HOST_TYPE}
setgid_group = postdrop

# Receiving messages parameters;

mydestination =, localhost,
append_dot_mydomain = no
append_at_myorigin = yes
local_transport = local
virtual_transport = virtual
transport_maps = hash:{MTA_TRANSPORT_HASH}

# Delivering local messages parameters;

mail_spool_directory = {MTA_LOCAL_MAIL_DIR}
# Mailboxquota
# => 0 for unlimited
# => 104857600 for 100 MB
mailbox_size_limit = 0
mailbox_command =

biff = no

alias_database = /alias/alias.db

local_destination_recipient_limit = 1
local_recipient_maps = unix:passwd.byname $alias_database

# VHCS Autoresponder parameters;

vhcs2-arpl_destination_recipient_limit = 1

# Delivering virtual messages parameters;

virtual_mailbox_base = {MTA_VIRTUAL_MAIL_DIR}
virtual_mailbox_limit = 0

virtual_mailbox_domains = hash:{MTA_VIRTUAL_DMN_HASH}
virtual_mailbox_maps = hash:{MTA_VIRTUAL_MAILBOX_HASH}

virtual_alias_maps = hash:{MTA_VIRTUAL_ALIAS_HASH}

virtual_minimum_uid = {MTA_MAILBOX_MIN_UID}
virtual_uid_maps = static:{MTA_MAILBOX_UID}
virtual_gid_maps = static:{MTA_MAILBOX_GID}

# SASL paramters;

smtpd_sasl_auth_enable = yes
smtpd_sasl2_auth_enable = yes
smtpd_sasl_security_options = noanonymous
smtpd_sasl_local_domain =
broken_sasl_auth_clients = yes
smtpd_recipient_restrictions = permit_sasl_authenticated,permit_mynetworks,reject_unauth_destination

# TLS parameters; activate, if avaible/used

#smtpd_tld_loglevel = 2
#smtpd_tls_cert_file = /etc/postfix/cert.pem
#smtpd_tls_key_file = /etc/postfix/privkey.pem
#smtpd_use_tls = yes
#smtpd_tls_auth_only = no
#smtpd_tls_received_header = yes

# AMaViS parameters; activate, if avaible/used

#content_filter = amavis:[]:10024

# Quota support; activate, if avaible/used

#virtual_create_maildirsize = yes
#virtual_mailbox_extended = yes
#virtual_mailbox_limit_maps = mysql:/etc/postfix/
#virtual_mailbox_limit_override = yes
#virtual_maildir_limit_message = "The user you're trying to reach is over mailbox quota."
#virtual_overquota_bounce = yes
relayhost =
mynetworks = [::ffff:]/104 [::1]/128
recipient_delimiter = +
inet_protocols = all
smtpd_sasl_authenticated_header = yes
smtpd_tls_auth_only = no
smtp_use_tls = yes
smtpd_use_tls = yes
smtp_tls_note_starttls_offer = yes
smtpd_tls_key_file = /etc/postfix/ssl/smtpd.key
smtpd_tls_cert_file = /etc/postfix/ssl/smtpd.crt
smtpd_tls_CAfile = /etc/postfix/ssl/cacert.pem
smtpd_tls_loglevel = 1
smtpd_tls_received_header = yes
smtpd_tls_session_cache_timeout = 3600s
tls_random_source = dev:/dev/urandom
home_mailbox = Maildir/

Once again thank you for the help

falko 9th March 2010 16:56

Is the only tutorial you used, or did you mix multiple tutorials?

Did you install ISPConfig 2 or 3?


smtpd_banner = $myhostname VHCS2 {MTA_VERSION} Managed ESMTP {MTA_HOST_TYPE}
Looks as if you tried to install VHCS2 as well.

indecipherable 9th March 2010 22:57

Actually, I tried another tutorial more than six months ago and had become busy with work - so I was hoping there was a way I could start over without reinstalling my operating system or ruining my apache config/bind setup.

So to be honest, I'm not sure what I've done in the past but I did remove the postfix package with apt prior to doing the new tutorial in hopes it would allow me to begin from scratch.. :(

indecipherable 9th March 2010 22:58

Also, with the debian tutorial I found here I didn't proceed to install ISPconfig, so I'm not sure either.

falko 10th March 2010 16:00


Originally Posted by indecipherable (Post 221555)
but I did remove the postfix package with apt prior to doing the new tutorial in hopes it would allow me to begin from scratch.. :(

That didn't work out as your contains lots of placeholders (like {MTA_MAILBOX_MIN_UID}) that should probably have been replaced with actual values, probably by the VHCS2 installer or something like that. I suggest you set the system up from scratch.

indecipherable 12th March 2010 05:34

Ah sad panda, well - no real complaints. In the windows world, I'd format for less. at least here I get to learn. Thanks a ton for your help and i'll undoubtedly
be asking for it again soon. :D

All times are GMT +2. The time now is 02:01.

Powered by vBulletin® Version 3.8.7
Copyright ©2000 - 2014, vBulletin Solutions, Inc.