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-   -   Apache Sub domains (http://www.howtoforge.com/forums/showthread.php?t=43852)

indecipherable 5th March 2010 07:58

Apache Sub domains
 
Hello,
This is my first thread.

Specs:
BIND9
Apache2
Debian Lenny
Single I.P


Problem:
I'm trying to setup subdomains for my users in apache.
I'd like username.mydomain.com to point to a /www folder in their home directory.

Apache2.conf looks like this:

<VirtualHost *:80>
DocumentRoot "/home/indecipherable/mydomain"
ServerName www.mydomain.net
<Directory "/home/indecipherable/mydomain">
allow from all
Options +Indexes
</Directory>
</VirtualHost>


<VirtualHost *:80>
DocumentRoot "/home/indecipherable/mydomain"
ServerName mydomain.net
<Directory "/home/indecipherable/mydomain">
allow from all
Options +Indexes
</Directory>
</VirtualHost>

(NOTE: These two above work entirely)


<VirtualHost *:80>
DocumentRoot "/home/username/www"
ServerName username.mydomain.net
<Directory "/home/username/mydomain">
allow from all
Options +Indexes
</Directory>
</VirtualHost>

Does not work.
Do I need to set it up as a working site or site-available or add it to my bind directory?

I also receive these errors when I'm trying to restart apache, although it does restart.

[Fri Mar 05 06:58:15 2010] [error] VirtualHost *:80 -- mixing * ports and non-* ports with a NameVirtualHost address is not supported, proceeding with undefined results
[Fri Mar 05 06:58:15 2010] [warn] NameVirtualHost *:80 has no VirtualHosts

falko 6th March 2010 11:50

Does username.mydomain.net exist as a DNS record?

Can you try
Code:

<VirtualHost *>
instead of
Code:

<VirtualHost *:80>
?

indecipherable 7th March 2010 20:27

sub domain working
 
Thanks falko,
I added the BIND dns record
incubizzle.mydomain.com @ CNAME
works now :)


removed the * from the conf file and it still gives me the same errors on apache restart. apache functions though.

falko 8th March 2010 13:22

Quote:

Originally Posted by indecipherable (Post 221321)
removed the * from the conf file and it still gives me the same errors on apache restart. apache functions though.

Don't remove the *, but :80 instead.

indecipherable 9th March 2010 02:59

Ah. Sorry Falko - removed the :80 and get the same message about NameVirtualHost *:80. so I entered apache.conf and tried to search for NamevirtualHost with CTRL+W in pico but it was unable to find that variable in the configuration file. Any suggestions as to where it could be?

Actually, it failed - i must have made another mistake when I edited it. It says

Reloading web server config: apache2[Tue Mar 09 01:55:48 2010] [error] VirtualHost *:80 -- mixing * ports and non-* ports with a NameVirtualHost address is not supported, proceeding with undefined results
[Tue Mar 09 01:55:48 2010] [warn] NameVirtualHost *:80 has no VirtualHosts
httpd not running, trying to start
(13)Permission denied: make_sock: could not bind to address [::]:80
(13)Permission denied: make_sock: could not bind to address 0.0.0.0:80
no listening sockets available, shutting down
Unable to open logs
failed!

indecipherable 9th March 2010 03:43

Here is my apache2.conf

Code:

# Based upon the NCSA server configuration files originally by Rob McCool.
#
# This is the main Apache server configuration file.  It contains the
# configuration directives that give the server its instructions.
# See http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.2/ for detailed information about
# the directives.
#
# Do NOT simply read the instructions in here without understanding
# what they do.  They're here only as hints or reminders.  If you are unsure
# consult the online docs. You have been warned. 
#
# The configuration directives are grouped into three basic sections:
#  1. Directives that control the operation of the Apache server process as a
#    whole (the 'global environment').
#  2. Directives that define the parameters of the 'main' or 'default' server,
#    which responds to requests that aren't handled by a virtual host.
#    These directives also provide default values for the settings
#    of all virtual hosts.
#  3. Settings for virtual hosts, which allow Web requests to be sent to
#    different IP addresses or hostnames and have them handled by the
#    same Apache server process.
#
# Configuration and logfile names: If the filenames you specify for many
# of the server's control files begin with "/" (or "drive:/" for Win32), the
# server will use that explicit path.  If the filenames do *not* begin
# with "/", the value of ServerRoot is prepended -- so "/var/log/apache2/foo.log"
# with ServerRoot set to "" will be interpreted by the
# server as "//var/log/apache2/foo.log".
#

### Section 1: Global Environment
#
# The directives in this section affect the overall operation of Apache,
# such as the number of concurrent requests it can handle or where it
# can find its configuration files.
#

#
# ServerRoot: The top of the directory tree under which the server's
# configuration, error, and log files are kept.
#
# NOTE!  If you intend to place this on an NFS (or otherwise network)
# mounted filesystem then please read the LockFile documentation (available
# at <URL:http://httpd.apache.org/docs-2.1/mod/mpm_common.html#lockfile>);
# you will save yourself a lot of trouble.
#
# Do NOT add a slash at the end of the directory path.
#
ServerRoot "/etc/apache2"

#
# The accept serialization lock file MUST BE STORED ON A LOCAL DISK.
#
#<IfModule !mpm_winnt.c>
#<IfModule !mpm_netware.c>
LockFile /var/lock/apache2/accept.lock
#</IfModule>
#</IfModule>

#
# PidFile: The file in which the server should record its process
# identification number when it starts.
# This needs to be set in /etc/apache2/envvars
#
PidFile ${APACHE_PID_FILE}

#
# Timeout: The number of seconds before receives and sends time out.
#
Timeout 300

#
# KeepAlive: Whether or not to allow persistent connections (more than
# one request per connection). Set to "Off" to deactivate.
#
KeepAlive On

#
# MaxKeepAliveRequests: The maximum number of requests to allow
# during a persistent connection. Set to 0 to allow an unlimited amount.
# We recommend you leave this number high, for maximum performance.
#
MaxKeepAliveRequests 100

#
# KeepAliveTimeout: Number of seconds to wait for the next request from the
# same client on the same connection.
#
KeepAliveTimeout 15

##
## Server-Pool Size Regulation (MPM specific)
##

# prefork MPM
# StartServers: number of server processes to start
# MinSpareServers: minimum number of server processes which are kept spare
# MaxSpareServers: maximum number of server processes which are kept spare
# MaxClients: maximum number of server processes allowed to start
# MaxRequestsPerChild: maximum number of requests a server process serves
<IfModule mpm_prefork_module>
    StartServers          5
    MinSpareServers      5
    MaxSpareServers      10
    MaxClients          150
    MaxRequestsPerChild  0
</IfModule>

# worker MPM
# StartServers: initial number of server processes to start
# MaxClients: maximum number of simultaneous client connections
# MinSpareThreads: minimum number of worker threads which are kept spare
# MaxSpareThreads: maximum number of worker threads which are kept spare
# ThreadsPerChild: constant number of worker threads in each server process
# MaxRequestsPerChild: maximum number of requests a server process serves
<IfModule mpm_worker_module>
    StartServers          2
    MaxClients          150
    MinSpareThreads      25
    MaxSpareThreads      75
    ThreadsPerChild      25
    MaxRequestsPerChild  0
</IfModule>

# These need to be set in /etc/apache2/envvars
User ${APACHE_RUN_USER}
Group ${APACHE_RUN_GROUP}

#
# AccessFileName: The name of the file to look for in each directory
# for additional configuration directives.  See also the AllowOverride
# directive.
#

AccessFileName .htaccess

#
# The following lines prevent .htaccess and .htpasswd files from being
# viewed by Web clients.
#
<Files ~ "^\.ht">
    Order allow,deny
    Deny from all
</Files>

#
# DefaultType is the default MIME type the server will use for a document
# if it cannot otherwise determine one, such as from filename extensions.
# If your server contains mostly text or HTML documents, "text/plain" is
# a good value.  If most of your content is binary, such as applications
# or images, you may want to use "application/octet-stream" instead to
# keep browsers from trying to display binary files as though they are
# text.
#
DefaultType text/plain


#
# HostnameLookups: Log the names of clients or just their IP addresses
# e.g., www.apache.org (on) or 204.62.129.132 (off).
# The default is off because it'd be overall better for the net if people
# had to knowingly turn this feature on, since enabling it means that
# each client request will result in AT LEAST one lookup request to the
# nameserver.
#
HostnameLookups Off

# ErrorLog: The location of the error log file.
# If you do not specify an ErrorLog directive within a <VirtualHost>
# container, error messages relating to that virtual host will be
# logged here.  If you *do* define an error logfile for a <VirtualHost>
# container, that host's errors will be logged there and not here.
#
ErrorLog /var/log/apache2/error.log

#
# LogLevel: Control the number of messages logged to the error_log.
# Possible values include: debug, info, notice, warn, error, crit,
# alert, emerg.
#
LogLevel warn

# Include module configuration:
Include /etc/apache2/mods-enabled/*.load
Include /etc/apache2/mods-enabled/*.conf

# Include all the user configurations:
Include /etc/apache2/httpd.conf

# Include ports listing
Include /etc/apache2/ports.conf

#
# The following directives define some format nicknames for use with
# a CustomLog directive (see below).
# If you are behind a reverse proxy, you might want to change %h into %{X-Forwarded-For}i
#
LogFormat "%v:%p %h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b \"%{Referer}i\" \"%{User-Agent}i\"" vhost_combined
LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b \"%{Referer}i\" \"%{User-Agent}i\"" combined
LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b" common
LogFormat "%{Referer}i -> %U" referer
LogFormat "%{User-agent}i" agent

#
# Define an access log for VirtualHosts that don't define their own logfile
CustomLog /var/log/apache2/other_vhosts_access.log vhost_combined

#
# Customizable error responses come in three flavors:
# 1) plain text 2) local redirects 3) external redirects
#
# Some examples:
#ErrorDocument 500 "The server made a boo boo."
#ErrorDocument 404 /missing.html
#ErrorDocument 404 "/cgi-bin/missing_handler.pl"
#ErrorDocument 402 http://www.example.com/subscription_info.html
#

#
# Putting this all together, we can internationalize error responses.
#
# We use Alias to redirect any /error/HTTP_<error>.html.var response to
# our collection of by-error message multi-language collections.  We use
# includes to substitute the appropriate text.
#
# You can modify the messages' appearance without changing any of the
# default HTTP_<error>.html.var files by adding the line:
#
#  Alias /error/include/ "/your/include/path/"
#
# which allows you to create your own set of files by starting with the
# /usr/share/apache2/error/include/ files and copying them to /your/include/path/,
# even on a per-VirtualHost basis.  The default include files will display
# your Apache version number and your ServerAdmin email address regardless
# of the setting of ServerSignature.
#
# The internationalized error documents require mod_alias, mod_include
# and mod_negotiation.  To activate them, uncomment the following 30 lines.

#    Alias /error/ "/usr/share/apache2/error/"
#
#    <Directory "/usr/share/apache2/error">
#        AllowOverride None
#        Options IncludesNoExec
#        AddOutputFilter Includes html
#        AddHandler type-map var
#        Order allow,deny
#        Allow from all
#        LanguagePriority en cs de es fr it nl sv pt-br ro
#        ForceLanguagePriority Prefer Fallback
#    </Directory>
#
#    ErrorDocument 400 /error/HTTP_BAD_REQUEST.html.var
#    ErrorDocument 401 /error/HTTP_UNAUTHORIZED.html.var
#    ErrorDocument 403 /error/HTTP_FORBIDDEN.html.var
#    ErrorDocument 404 /error/HTTP_NOT_FOUND.html.var
#    ErrorDocument 405 /error/HTTP_METHOD_NOT_ALLOWED.html.var
#    ErrorDocument 408 /error/HTTP_REQUEST_TIME_OUT.html.var
#    ErrorDocument 410 /error/HTTP_GONE.html.var
#    ErrorDocument 411 /error/HTTP_LENGTH_REQUIRED.html.var
#    ErrorDocument 412 /error/HTTP_PRECONDITION_FAILED.html.var
#    ErrorDocument 413 /error/HTTP_REQUEST_ENTITY_TOO_LARGE.html.var
#    ErrorDocument 414 /error/HTTP_REQUEST_URI_TOO_LARGE.html.var
#    ErrorDocument 415 /error/HTTP_UNSUPPORTED_MEDIA_TYPE.html.var
#    ErrorDocument 500 /error/HTTP_INTERNAL_SERVER_ERROR.html.var
#    ErrorDocument 501 /error/HTTP_NOT_IMPLEMENTED.html.var
#    ErrorDocument 502 /error/HTTP_BAD_GATEWAY.html.var
#    ErrorDocument 503 /error/HTTP_SERVICE_UNAVAILABLE.html.var
#    ErrorDocument 506 /error/HTTP_VARIANT_ALSO_VARIES.html.var



# Include of directories ignores editors' and dpkg's backup files,
# see README.Debian for details.

# Include generic snippets of statements
Include /etc/apache2/conf.d/

# Include the virtual host configurations:
Include /etc/apache2/sites-enabled/



 

<VirtualHost *>
DocumentRoot "/home/username/mydomain"
ServerName www.mydomain.net
<Directory "/home/username/mydomain">
allow from all
Options +Indexes
</Directory>
</VirtualHost>



<VirtualHost *>
DocumentRoot "/home/username/mydomain"
ServerName mydomain.net
<Directory "/home/username/mydomain">
allow from all
Options +Indexes
</Directory>
</VirtualHost>

<VirtualHost *>
ServerName incubizzle.mydomain.net
<Directory "/home/mydomain/www">
allow from all
Options +Indexes
</Directory>
</VirtualHost>


<VirtualHost *>
DocumentRoot "/var/www"
ServerName www.anotherdomain.com
<Directory "/var/www">
allow from all
Options +Indexes
</Directory>
</VirtualHost>



<VirtualHost *>
DocumentRoot "/var/www"
ServerName anotherdomain.com
<Directory "/var/www">
allow from all
Options +Indexes
</Directory>
</VirtualHost>


falko 9th March 2010 15:58

What happens when you add
Code:

NameVirtualHost *
before the first virtual host?

indecipherable 9th March 2010 22:01

Well, I added it
prior to the first virtualhost as you suggested.
Success - apache reloaded again:) thank you.

However, this was the reload output

estarting web server: apache2[Tue Mar 09 21:00:52 2010] [error] VirtualHost *:80 -- mixing * ports and non-* ports with a NameVirtualHost address is not supported, proceeding with undefined results
[Tue Mar 09 21:00:52 2010] [warn] NameVirtualHost *:0 has no VirtualHosts
[Tue Mar 09 21:00:52 2010] [warn] NameVirtualHost *:80 has no VirtualHosts
... waiting [Tue Mar 09 21:00:53 2010] [error] VirtualHost *:80 -- mixing * ports and non-* ports with a NameVirtualHost address is not supported, proceeding with undefined results
[Tue Mar 09 21:00:53 2010] [warn] NameVirtualHost *:0 has no VirtualHosts
[Tue Mar 09 21:00:53 2010] [warn] NameVirtualHost *:80 has no VirtualHosts

indecipherable 9th March 2010 22:02

I wish someone like you could login and fix my blunders during this learning process. finding the right resources and failing with terrible tutorials has probably been my downfall.
I worked backwards entirely and designed my site, delegated my dns before learning fundamentals of a web server. Sad Sad Panda.

falko 10th March 2010 15:01

Does the /etc/apache2/sites-enabled/ directory contain any vhosts that use :80?


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