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-   -   Ubuntu Server, postfix, gmail relay (http://www.howtoforge.com/forums/showthread.php?t=28351)

sjau 2nd November 2008 09:43

Ubuntu Server, postfix, gmail relay
 
Hi there

I setup a small server and I want to have send the output of crons to my email. Problem is, that I'm on a dynamic IP and best is to relay the email through my ISP. However my ISP doesn't provide email anymore, instead they just use Gmail.

So I thought I could relay it through Gmail.

I found this thread here http://www.howtoforge.com/forums/sho...d.php?p=105989 and added topdog's suggestions.

However I get this when I try to send a mail from mailx:

Code:

Nov  2 09:41:23 server postfix/pickup[24156]: A40258EC0ED: uid=0 from=<root>
Nov  2 09:41:23 server postfix/cleanup[24351]: A40258EC0ED: message-id=<20081102084123.A40258EC0ED@domain.com>
Nov  2 09:41:23 server postfix/qmgr[24158]: A40258EC0ED: from=<root@domain.com>, size=344, nrcpt=1 (queue active)
Nov  2 09:41:23 server postfix/smtp[24343]: certificate verification failed for smtp.gmail.com[72.14.221.111]:587: untrusted issuer /C=ZA/ST=Western Cape/L=Cape Town/O=Thawte Consulting cc/OU=Certification Services Division/CN=Thawte Premium Server CA/emailAddress=premium-server@thawte.com
Nov  2 09:41:23 server postfix/smtp[24343]: warning: SASL authentication failure: No worthy mechs found
Nov  2 09:41:23 server postfix/smtp[24343]: A40258EC0ED: SASL authentication failed; cannot authenticate to server smtp.gmail.com[72.14.221.111]: no mechanismavailable
Nov  2 09:41:23 server postfix/smtp[24343]: certificate verification failed for smtp.gmail.com[72.14.221.109]:587: untrusted issuer /C=ZA/ST=Western Cape/L=Cape Town/O=Thawte Consulting cc/OU=Certification Services Division/CN=Thawte Premium Server CA/emailAddress=premium-server@thawte.com
Nov  2 09:41:24 server postfix/smtp[24343]: warning: SASL authentication failure: No worthy mechs found
Nov  2 09:41:24 server postfix/smtp[24343]: A40258EC0ED: to=<sjau@gmx.net>, relay=smtp.gmail.com[72.14.221.109]:587, delay=0.37, delays=0.06/0/0.32/0, dsn=4.7.0, status=deferred (SASL authentication failed; cannot authenticate to server smtp.gmail.com[72.14.221.109]: no mechanism available)

I read here (http://prantran.blogspot.com/2007/01...untu-with.html) , that I need to add the Thawte Certs to cacert.pem
Code:

cat /etc/ssl/certs/Thawte_Premium_Server_CA.pem >> cacert.pem
When I did that, I get this output in the mail.log:

Code:

Nov  2 09:34:23 server postfix/pickup[23917]: B78628EC0EB: uid=0 from=<root>
Nov  2 09:34:23 server postfix/cleanup[24061]: B78628EC0EB: message-id=<20081102083423.B78628EC0EB@domain.com>
Nov  2 09:34:23 server postfix/qmgr[23919]: B78628EC0EB: from=<root@domain.com>, size=317, nrcpt=1 (queue active)
Nov  2 09:34:23 server postfix/smtp[24063]: certificate verification failed for smtp.gmail.com[72.14.221.111]:587: untrusted issuer /C=ZA/ST=Western Cape/L=Cape Town/O=Thawte Consulting cc/OU=Certification Services Division/CN=Thawte Premium Server CA/emailAddress=premium-server@thawte.com
Nov  2 09:34:23 server postfix/smtp[24063]: warning: SASL authentication failure: No worthy mechs found
Nov  2 09:34:23 server postfix/smtp[24063]: B78628EC0EB: SASL authentication failed; cannot authenticate to server smtp.gmail.com[72.14.221.111]: no mechanismavailable
Nov  2 09:34:24 server postfix/smtp[24063]: certificate verification failed for smtp.gmail.com[72.14.221.109]:587: untrusted issuer /C=ZA/ST=Western Cape/L=Cape Town/O=Thawte Consulting cc/OU=Certification Services Division/CN=Thawte Premium Server CA/emailAddress=premium-server@thawte.com
Nov  2 09:34:24 server postfix/smtp[24063]: warning: SASL authentication failure: No worthy mechs found
Nov  2 09:34:24 server postfix/smtp[24063]: B78628EC0EB: to=<sjau@gmx.net>, relay=smtp.gmail.com[72.14.221.109]:587, delay=0.38, delays=0.04/0.02/0.32/0, dsn=4.7.0, status=deferred (SASL authentication failed; cannot authenticate to server smtp.gmail.com[72.14.221.109]: no mechanism available)

Here's the output of saslfinger -c
Code:

saslfinger - postfix Cyrus sasl configuration Sun Nov  2 09:35:56 CET 2008
version: 1.0.4
mode: client-side SMTP AUTH

-- basics --
Postfix: 2.5.5
System: Ubuntu 8.10 \n \l

-- smtp is linked to --
        libsasl2.so.2 => /usr/lib/libsasl2.so.2 (0xb7e3c000)

-- active SMTP AUTH and TLS parameters for smtp --
relayhost = [smtp.gmail.com]:587
smtp_sasl_auth_enable = yes
smtp_sasl_password_maps = hash:/etc/postfix/gmail_passwd
smtp_sasl_type = cyrus
smtp_tls_note_starttls_offer = yes
smtp_tls_session_cache_database = btree:${data_directory}/smtp_scache
smtp_use_tls = yes

-- listing of /usr/lib/sasl2 --
total 740
drwxr-xr-x  2 root root  4096 2008-11-01 11:12 .
drwxr-xr-x 44 root root 12288 2008-11-02 09:01 ..
-rw-r--r--  1 root root 13860 2008-10-10 16:40 libanonymous.a
-rw-r--r--  1 root root  988 2008-10-10 16:39 libanonymous.la
-rw-r--r--  1 root root 13752 2008-10-10 16:40 libanonymous.so
-rw-r--r--  1 root root 13752 2008-10-10 16:40 libanonymous.so.2
-rw-r--r--  1 root root 13752 2008-10-10 16:40 libanonymous.so.2.0.22
-rw-r--r--  1 root root 16382 2008-10-10 16:40 libcrammd5.a
-rw-r--r--  1 root root  974 2008-10-10 16:39 libcrammd5.la
-rw-r--r--  1 root root 17848 2008-10-10 16:40 libcrammd5.so
-rw-r--r--  1 root root 17848 2008-10-10 16:40 libcrammd5.so.2
-rw-r--r--  1 root root 17848 2008-10-10 16:40 libcrammd5.so.2.0.22
-rw-r--r--  1 root root 47752 2008-10-10 16:40 libdigestmd5.a
-rw-r--r--  1 root root  997 2008-10-10 16:39 libdigestmd5.la
-rw-r--r--  1 root root 46828 2008-10-10 16:40 libdigestmd5.so
-rw-r--r--  1 root root 46828 2008-10-10 16:40 libdigestmd5.so.2
-rw-r--r--  1 root root 46828 2008-10-10 16:40 libdigestmd5.so.2.0.22
-rw-r--r--  1 root root 13902 2008-10-10 16:40 liblogin.a
-rw-r--r--  1 root root  968 2008-10-10 16:39 liblogin.la
-rw-r--r--  1 root root 13748 2008-10-10 16:40 liblogin.so
-rw-r--r--  1 root root 13748 2008-10-10 16:40 liblogin.so.2
-rw-r--r--  1 root root 13748 2008-10-10 16:40 liblogin.so.2.0.22
-rw-r--r--  1 root root 30316 2008-10-10 16:40 libntlm.a
-rw-r--r--  1 root root  962 2008-10-10 16:39 libntlm.la
-rw-r--r--  1 root root 30196 2008-10-10 16:40 libntlm.so
-rw-r--r--  1 root root 30196 2008-10-10 16:40 libntlm.so.2
-rw-r--r--  1 root root 30196 2008-10-10 16:40 libntlm.so.2.0.22
-rw-r--r--  1 root root 14222 2008-10-10 16:40 libplain.a
-rw-r--r--  1 root root  968 2008-10-10 16:39 libplain.la
-rw-r--r--  1 root root 17844 2008-10-10 16:40 libplain.so
-rw-r--r--  1 root root 17844 2008-10-10 16:40 libplain.so.2
-rw-r--r--  1 root root 17844 2008-10-10 16:40 libplain.so.2.0.22
-rw-r--r--  1 root root 22394 2008-10-10 16:40 libsasldb.a
-rw-r--r--  1 root root  999 2008-10-10 16:39 libsasldb.la
-rw-r--r--  1 root root 21804 2008-10-10 16:40 libsasldb.so
-rw-r--r--  1 root root 21804 2008-10-10 16:40 libsasldb.so.2
-rw-r--r--  1 root root 21804 2008-10-10 16:40 libsasldb.so.2.0.22

-- listing of /etc/postfix/sasl --
total 12
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 2008-11-02 09:03 .
drwxr-xr-x 4 root root 4096 2008-11-02 09:35 ..
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root  49 2008-11-02 09:03 smtpd.conf


-- permissions for /etc/postfix/gmail_passwd --
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 52 2008-11-02 09:10 /etc/postfix/gmail_passwd

-- permissions for /etc/postfix/gmail_passwd.db --
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 12288 2008-11-02 09:10 /etc/postfix/gmail_passwd.db

/etc/postfix/gmail_passwd.db is up to date.

-- active services in /etc/postfix/master.cf --
# service type  private unpriv  chroot  wakeup  maxproc command + args
#              (yes)  (yes)  (yes)  (never) (100)
smtp      inet  n      -      -      -      -      smtpd
pickup    fifo  n      -      -      60      1      pickup
cleanup  unix  n      -      -      -      0      cleanup
qmgr      fifo  n      -      n      300    1      qmgr
tlsmgr    unix  -      -      -      1000?  1      tlsmgr
rewrite  unix  -      -      -      -      -      trivial-rewrite
bounce    unix  -      -      -      -      0      bounce
defer    unix  -      -      -      -      0      bounce
trace    unix  -      -      -      -      0      bounce
verify    unix  -      -      -      -      1      verify
flush    unix  n      -      -      1000?  0      flush
proxymap  unix  -      -      n      -      -      proxymap
proxywrite unix -      -      n      -      1      proxymap
smtp      unix  -      -      -      -      -      smtp
relay    unix  -      -      -      -      -      smtp
        -o smtp_fallback_relay=
showq    unix  n      -      -      -      -      showq
error    unix  -      -      -      -      -      error
retry    unix  -      -      -      -      -      error
discard  unix  -      -      -      -      -      discard
local    unix  -      n      n      -      -      local
virtual  unix  -      n      n      -      -      virtual
lmtp      unix  -      -      -      -      -      lmtp
anvil    unix  -      -      -      -      1      anvil
scache    unix  -      -      -      -      1      scache
maildrop  unix  -      n      n      -      -      pipe
  flags=DRhu user=vmail argv=/usr/bin/maildrop -d ${recipient}
uucp      unix  -      n      n      -      -      pipe
  flags=Fqhu user=uucp argv=uux -r -n -z -a$sender - $nexthop!rmail ($recipient)
ifmail    unix  -      n      n      -      -      pipe
  flags=F user=ftn argv=/usr/lib/ifmail/ifmail -r $nexthop ($recipient)
bsmtp    unix  -      n      n      -      -      pipe
  flags=Fq. user=bsmtp argv=/usr/lib/bsmtp/bsmtp -t$nexthop -f$sender $recipient
scalemail-backend unix  -      n      n      -      2      pipe
  flags=R user=scalemail argv=/usr/lib/scalemail/bin/scalemail-store ${nexthop} ${user} ${extension}
mailman  unix  -      n      n      -      -      pipe
  flags=FR user=list argv=/usr/lib/mailman/bin/postfix-to-mailman.py
  ${nexthop} ${user}

-- mechanisms on [smtp.gmail.com]:587 --


-- end of saslfinger output --


falko 3rd November 2008 13:19

Not sure what's happening, but I see that you have a GMX account. You can use GMX for relaying emails instead of GMail.

sjau 3rd November 2008 21:18

I solved it meanwhile BUT only gmail will accept the email - no other server :(

Looking now at "esmtp" which seems to work fine but I can't figure out how to define a subject there...

building39 14th December 2010 18:20

Nice to hear that you solved the problem. Could you please share with us how you resolved it?

Thanks!


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